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Comprehensive Exam Week 2
Terms in this set (20)
Which of the following was a purpose for establishing an Ethics Code?
To gain the public trust
The five General Principles are ______________, intended to inspire psychologists toward the highest ethical ideals of the profession.
When a psychologist believes that another psychologist has committed an ethical violation, the ethical issue may be addressed in a __________________ or _____________________ manner.
When a psychologist wishes to implement new practices for which there is no generally agreed upon scientific or professional training, they should take reasonable steps:
to ensure competence, safety of their work and protection of their clients
A psychologist refrains from entering into a multiple relationship if the multiple relationship could reasonably be expected to:
impair psychologist's objectivity and performance
Limits may be placed on the extent to which private information acquired during psychological services can be kept confidential. Some limits include all of the following, except:
upon request from an attorney
It is ethical for psychologists to include personal information on their professional website, if:
it is directly relevant to professional services
If a client does not pay for the services received from a psychologist, the psychologist may:
use collection agencies to collect the fees if they have informed the client first
When clients, students, employees, prisoners, or other institutionalized persons are also research participants, researchers must be aware of:
the power differential
In group therapy, who is obligated to maintain confidentiality of statements made within the group session?
"You must understand the values and expectations of the society in which behavior occurs before you decide that abnormality exists." This quote best reflects which view of abnormality?
What widely used interview procedure is a useful diagnostic tool to help clinicians cover areas that are ordinarily not part of a clinical interview?
mental status examination
Anxiety disorders often have co-occurring disorders. One of the most likely is ____.
What is the primary difference between factitious disorder and malingering?
The feigning of symptoms in factitious disorder is induced deliberately with no apparent incentive, while the motivation in malingering is typically to achieve some goal.
Research addressing the relationship between stress and depression suggests that ____.
there is a bidirectional relationship between stress and depression so that stress can cause depression and depression can cause stress.
The person with bulimia nervosa is at risk of ____.
What is a psychological treatment approach that addresses ambivalence about giving up substance use and is used to prevent relapse?
motivational enhancement therapy
Which of the following is most likely to produce diagnostic errors?
Which description best illustrates gender dysphoria (transsexualism)?
Luis has had poor social relationships because he has always been distressed about being a man. --- Gender dysphoria is the feeling of discomfort or distress that might occur in people whose gender identity differs from their sex assigned at birth or sex-related physical characteristics. Transgender and gender-nonconforming people might experience gender dysphoria at some point in their lives.
Which statement about the diagnosis of childhood disorders using the DSM-5 is accurate?
To determine if a child has an actual psychological disorder, clinicians consider the child's age, developmental level, environmental factors, and symptoms that cause significant impairment in daily functioning over an extended period of time.
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