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use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse.


a reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature


a message that departs from the main subject


the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words

blank verse

unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)


acting the part of a character on stage


the moment of most intense pleasure in sexual intercourse


the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words


a literary composition in the form of a conversation between two people

direct Characterization

author directly describes character


a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage

dramatic irony

(theater) irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play

end rhymes

rhymes at the end of lines


a systematic interpretation or explanation (usually written) of a specific topic

external conflict

a problem or struggle between a character and someone or something outside of the character

falling action

events after the climax, leading to the resolution


a literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact

first person point of view

a character in the story is actually telling the story himself/herself


a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story


the act of providing vague advance indications

free verse

unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern


extravagant exaggeration

iambic pentameter

a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable


the ability to form mental images of things or events

indirect characterization

the character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others

internal conflict

a struggle between opposing needs, desires, or emotions within a single character


incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs


a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity


any of various measuring instruments for measuring a quantity


a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling


someone who tells a story


prose writing that is not fictional


representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature


the story that is told in a novel or play or movie etc.


any communication resembling poetry in beauty or the evocation of feeling

point of view

the spatial property of the position from which something is observed


preface; introductory part


ordinary writing as distinguished from verse


a play on words


the act of doing or performing again


finding a solution to a problem


a piece of poetry

rhyme scheme

the pattern of rhyme in a poem


is the pattren of stressed and unstressed syllables in spoken or written language

rising action

events leading up to the climax


arrangement of scenery and properties to represent the place where a play or movie is enacted


a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')

situational irony

occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected


a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections


electro-acoustic transducer that converts electrical signals into sounds loud enough to be heard at a distance

stage directions

The specific instructions a playwright includes concerning sets, characterization, delivery, etc.


groups of lines in a poem


an uncertain cognitive state


something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible


a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

third person point of view

someone on the outside is looking in and telling the story as he/she see it unfold.


drama in which the protagonist is overcome by some superior force or circumstance

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