Selective Service Training and Service Act
1940 law requiring all males aged 21 to 36 to register for military service
Office of War Mobilization
Federal agency formed to coordinate issues related to war production during World War II
Agreement , Agreement signed by President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1941 outlining the two nations' war aims
Method of aerial bombing in which large numbers of bombs are dropped over a wide area
Battle of the Bulge
World War II battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west
The name given to the night of violence on November 9, 1938, when Nazi storm troopers looted and destroyed Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues and arrested thousands of Jews in Germany and Austria
An area of Warsaw sealed off by the Nazis to confine the Jewish population, forcing them into poor, unsanitary conditions.
War Refugee Board (WRB)
Federal agency created in 1944 to try to help people threatened with murder by the Nazis
Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
A set of international standards of conduct for treating prisoners of war, established in 1929
Battle of Midway
1942 World War II battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others
Battle of Leyte Gulf
1944 World War II naval battle between the United States and Japan. Largest naval engagement in history. Japanese navy was defeated.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Organization founded by pacifists in 1942 to promote racial equality through peaceful means.