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Terms in this set (23)
fertile area in a desert, watered by a natural well or spring
successor of muhammad
caliph who ruled in Baghdad
struggle in God's surface
prophet of god and creator of islam
belief of one god
Fatima and Ali
Muhammad's daughter and son-in-law
houses of worship
yathrib (city of the prophet)
felt caliph should be chosen by leaders of the Muslim community
pilgrimage to Mecca where all Muslims who are able are expected to visit Kaaba at least once in their lifetime (fifth pillar)
people of the book
Jews and Christians
City where Muhammad received visions and city Muslims face when they pray
directly from Muhammad
slender towers of mosque
what are the teachings of islam?
islam is monothesitic, muslims believe that the Quran contains the sacred word of god and is the final authority of all matters, five pillars of islam
how did islam help shape the way of its believers?
the islamic system of law, called Sharia, regulated moral conduct, family life, business practices, government and other aspects of a Muslim community
how did muhammad become the prophet of islam?
How did Muslims conquer many lands?
What movements emerged within islam?
Shortly after Muhammad's death, divisions arose within islam. The groups were Sunni, Shiites, Sufi.
Why did the empire of the caliphs decline?
around 850, the caliphs became unable to maintain centralized control, and the empire fragmented
What are the similarities between sunni and shiite muslims?
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