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Catholic Church History: Review 1

STUDY
PLAY
During the high Middle Ages________and Universities were created.
cathedrals
People during this time understood that the experience of purgatory could be reduced or shortened by doing good
medieval
The requirement that priests dedicate themselves to their ministry not ____ occupations was begun in the Middle Ages.
secular
These popes tilted the allegiance toward the French kings
avignon
They attempted to follow Jesus by seeking the solitude of the wilderness
hermits
Under the ____ Code, women fared better than they had before
justinian
The Irish people were called _________ in Patrick's time.
celts
These religious orders were distinguished by their poverty and simplicity
mendicant
History locates 1054 as the year of the ____ between the Eastern and Western churches.
split
The _______ was a time characterized by a growth of art and literature
renaissance
The Council of _________ teaches us that conflict in the church can be resolved with the help of the Holy Spirit
jerusalem
The Christian calendar, developed during the time of Clovis, numbered the years from the birth of ______.
Jesus
in establishing his monasteries ______ built on traditions of people such as Antony if Egypt, Jerome, and Basil.
Benedict
heresies were feared in part because they _____ the well being and good order of western europe
threatened
the most influential theologian of the middle ages was____
aquinas
typically they ____ were persecuted for succeeding in banking practices that were closed to Christians
Jews
The papacy rose in stature under Pope_____
leo x
he thought that communal life should not be complicated
basil
The crusades began as an attempt to stop the Turkish______ from invading the Byzantine Empire
Muslims
The good news of christianity found a place among people whose_______failed to satisfy the needs and longings of the human heart.
mythology
the black death claimed about one______ of the population of europe
third
our individual and shared __________helps us answer the questions who? and why?
memory
the rising ______class of medieval times was the forerunner of the modern middle class.
merchant
Augustine's personal experience as a priest and a bishop helped him to understand that the validity of a ______ such as baptism did not depend on the priest or the bishop's holiness.
sacrament
Ignorance of our ______ roots deprives us of the wisdom and learning of those who went before us
historical
the ordination of permanent_______ is an example of the church rediscovering a practice rooted in its early history
deacons
the first major dilemma among the early disciples was whether Gentile converts were obligated to keep the ____law
jewish
The pope urged ______to translate the christian testament and the psalms into latin, the language of the people in the west
jerome
an exaggerated ______ could and did lead to an indulgent and extravagent lifestyle
humanism
the word _______means letter
epistle
the council of ______ declared that Jesus possesses a human nature and a divine nature
chalcedon
the City of God and the City of Man are the two parts of ________'s writings
augustine
the best facet of an institution is that it is fluid and always______
changing
the influence of the _____heresy died out after the Council of Nicaea
arian
the western church spoke________
latin
new ________practices contributed by monasteries provided the impetus for the growth of towns
agriculture
the doctrine of _______affirmed belief in the real presence of Christ in the consecrated bread and wine
transubstantiation
_____is the practice of lending money and charging interest on it
usury
devotion to saints and saint's ________ threatened to become more significant than worship of God in the Middle Ages
relics
______were a splinter group that believed the validity of the sacrament was based on the holiness of the priest
donatists
the word____means "good news"
gospel
though Pope____ reluctantly assumed the public roles he was given, he carried them out with remarkable vigor and met with success
Gregory I
the eastern church spoke_______
greek
during the middle ages the number of sacraments was set at_____
seven
in the end of the fifth century, the eastern empire took on the name "______ empire"
byzantine
the _______ investiture controversy concerned lay appointment of ordained leaders
lay
He was influential in his call for reform in part of his Czech Nationalism
john hus
throughout the church's history _________ have often begun as correctives for practices in the church that needed to be challenged
heresies
the word_____ is from the Greek word monos which means "alone" or "single"
monasteries
_______'s conversion to Christianity and his growing power marked the beginning of a time when church and government were hardly distinguishable from each other.
clovis