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MESO AMERICAN CULTURES

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corn
OMLECS
first greatest civilzation in mesoamerica
STELA
in the ancient world, a tall, commemorative monument that was often decorated
TENOCHTITLAN
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins. (p. 305)
CHINAMPAS
floating gardens
TRIBUTE
something given or done as an expression of esteem
TEOTIHUACAN
first major metropolis in Mesoamerica, collapsed around 800 CE. It is most remembered for the gigantic "pyramid of the sun and moon
CHAVIN
the first major South American civilization, which flourished in the highlands of what is now Peru from about 900 to 200 B.C.
MOCHE
Civilization of north coast of Peru (200-700 C.E.). An important Andean civilization that built extensive irrigation networks as well as impressive urban centers dominated by brick temples. (p. 313)
ADOBE
a brick or building material made of sun-dried earth and straw
NAZCA
culture that thrived in the Andean region from about 200 B.C. to A.D. 600. They etched geoglyphs-a figure or line made on earth's surface by clearing away rocks and oil- in the desert including straight lines that run for miles as well as giant birds, whales, and other animals.
HUARI
Along with Tihuanaco, large center for regional chiefdoms between 300 and 900 CE; located in southern Peru; featured large ceremonial center supported by extensive irrigated agriculture; established widely diffused religious and artistic symbols spread all over Andean zone
TIAHUANACO
Developed on shores of Lake Titicaca.
PACHACUTI INCA YUPANQUI
skilled warrior and leader that proclaimed himself Sapa Inca, or emperor. He set out a campaign of conquest from his small kingdom at Cuzco. Once he subdued neighboring peoples, he enlisted them in his armies
SAPA INCA
The title of the Inca emperor
CUZCO
The capital city of the Incan Empire, Located in present-day Peru
QUIPU
knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the inca to keep financial records
AYLLU
in Incan society, a small community or family group whose members worked together for the common good of the peoples.
INTI
Incan sun god