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AP World History Ch. 26
Terms in this set (30)
Successor state to Mali; dominated middle reaches of Niger valley
Root language of West Africa on which early African migration patterns are based.
Islamic Africa's most important state located around Lake Chad, became an important center of Islamic learning. High point was under the reign of MAI (KING) IDRIS ALOMA- imported firearms form North Africa, employed turkish musketeers and advisers to command his army, and positioned allies around his kingdom instead of relatives. (exerted stabilized forces)
Central African state that began trading with the Portuguese around 1500; although their kings, such as King Affonso I (r. 1506-1543), converted to Christianity, they nevertheless suffered from the slave trade.
Modern day Angola; Queen Nzinga (took on the role of a man): Set resistance against the Portuguese to hold them back 1623-1663
when the Dutch founded Cape Town they encountered them, whom they called the Hottentots
African syncretic religion, founded by Dona Beatriz, that taught that Jesus Christ was a black African man and that heaven was for Africans and that Kongo was the Holy Land
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
African kingdom on the Gold Coast that expanded rapidly after 1680. Asante participated in the Atlantic economy, trading gold, slaves, and ivory. It resisted British imperial ambitions for a quarter century before being absorbed into Britain. 1902 (736)
African state among the Fon or Aja peoples; developed in the 17th century centered at Abomey; became a major slave trading state through utilization of Western firearms.
A Greek word meaning 'dispersal,' used to describe the communities of a given ethnic group living outside their homeland. Jews, for example, were spread from Israel to western Asia and Mediterranean lands in by the Romans.
Present-day Haiti that was ruled by the French
A slave who ran away from his or her master. Often a member of a community of runaway slaves in the West Indies and South America.
rebellious slave who escaped his master during war and fight for British w/ the "Black Pioneers." founded Sierra Leone as a colony for former slaves
Leader of Songhay that drove out the Berbers and built the largest empire in West Africa by his death in 1492, First great ruler of Songhay, who established the
created Sunni Dynasty; rule lasted 30 years; many military campaigns/victories; conquered Timbuktu and Djenne, which gave Songhai control of trade; focus on trading empire
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route.
King of Kongo who was influenced by the Portugese, African king that converted to christianity, requested missionaries in his land "Great Zimbabwe", then switched to paganism. Resources were exploited and african slaves were taken with his consent
was a slave, when he was playing in the fields he was taken with his sister and made a slave, wrote a book on it
His autobiography depicted the horrors of slavery and helped influence British lawmakers to abolish the slave trade through the Slave Trade Act of 1807. Despite his enslavement as a young man, he purchased his freedom and worked as an author, merchant and explorer in South America, the Caribbean, the Arctic, the American colonies and the United Kingdom.
Queen of the Ndongo kingdom from 1623 - 1663. Led spirited resistance against the Portuguese. Dressed as a male when she led her troops into battle and was called king. Had male concubines dress as women. Allied herself with the Dutch. Goal was to expel the Portuguese, then the Dutch, and then create an African Empire.
the founder of the antonianism that stressed that Jesus Christ had been a black man and that Kongo was the true holy land; burned at the stake by Pedro IV
Kongo king, missionaries convinced him to prosecute Christian heretics, sentenced Dona Beatriz to death
A city-state found on east African coast(Zenj); fishing limited trade from 800-1000; turned to agriculture, increased trade in pottery and stoneware; major trading center by 14th century
the capital of the kingdom of Kongo, known to the Europeans as Sao Salvador
Mali trading city that became a center of wealth and learning
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