Terms in this set (18)
The continuance of gathering and hunting societies in substantial areas of the world despite millennium of agricultural advancement (disappeared over time). Most notably occurred in the regions of Australia, and the Chinookan, Tulapip and Skagit of NW North America. (Strayer, pg. 571-572)
Significance: Shows the determination of hunters and gathers to sustain their ways of life even under the influence of agricultural based societies.
A kingdom (ruled by Ewuare) that arose near the Niger River delta in the 1300s and became a major West African state in the 1400s. A culture near present-day Nigeria which mastered a Bronze-sculpting technique. (Strayer, pg.573)
Significance: There bronze-sculptures celebrated the royal family and decorated their palaces. Ewuare replaced the heads of kingship groups as major political authorities. Rulers sponsored trading missions.
People whose lands lay east of the niger river. They rejected kingship & state building. They instead relied on other institutions to maintain social cohesion beyond the level of the village. (Strayer, pg.573)
Significance: It was a "stateless society" and they boasted having no kings and running perfectly while other states required some sort of ruler or government.
It was a league of 5 nations in the Americas. It gave expression to values of limited government, social equality, and personal freedom. (Strayer, pp. 574)
SIGNIFICANCE: It was the first real treaty that worked and helped the new American.
A Turkic warrior born in modern day Uzbekistan. His army had brought major devastation to Russia, India, and Persia. And during the preparation to invade china he had died in 1405. (Strayer, pp. 575-576)
SIGNIFICANCE: His army was like the Mongols as the devastated many places and sadly were only short lived. It showed the last nomadic army to be strong and powerful.
A major Turkic empire in Persia that took shape from an Islamic state and emerged in the late 15th century & early 16th century. (Strayer, pg.586)
Significance: the long term significance of the safavid empire was it's decision to forcibly impose a Shia version of Islam as the official religion if the state over time this form of Islam gained support and came to define the identity of persia.
Ming dynasty China
Chinese dynasty (1368-1644) that succeeded the Yuan dynasty of the Mongols; noted for its return to traditional Chinese ways and restoration of the land after the destructiveness of the Mongols. (Strayer pg 576-580)
Significance: It discouraged all signs of foreign rule, promoted Confucian learning, had the civil service examination system reestablished, rebounded the economy, and had the largest maritime expeditions of its time. The dynasty helped bring back Chinese culture as well as helping to increase the popularity of Confucianism.
A Muslim eunuch that led a voyage of 300 ships with 27,000 crew in China as ordered by Emperor Yongle around the Indian Ocean. (Strayer pp. 577-578)
SIGNIFICANCE: His voyages were "bringing order to the world" by enrolling rulers in the tribute system. These voyages were ended because Chinese authorities thought of it as a waste of resources in 1433.
An era of renewed cultural blossoming in European history that celebrated and reclaimed Greek and Roman tradition.
(Strayer, pp. 579-580)
SIGNIFICANCE:It gave Europe its sought after inspiration in the art and literature of ancient Greece and Rome.
Major Islamic state centered on Anatolia that came to include the Balkans, the Near East, and much of North Africa.(Strayer, pp.584-586)
SIGNIFICANCE: In it's huge territory, long duration, incorporation of many diverse peoples, and economic and cultural sophistication, it was one of the great empires of world history.
Seizure of Constantinople (1453)
It was the last invasion that the Byzantines had and the ottoman had conquered it making it the new successors of the Roman Empire. (Strayer, pp. 585)
SIGNIFICANCE: It was the last sight of the byzantine and know the ottomans were in control, in addition they were more powerful.
A major Turkic empire in Persia that took shape from an Islamic state and emerged in the late 15th century and early 16th century(Strayer, pp. 586)
SIGNIFICANCE: It decided to forcibly impose a Shia version of Islam as the official religion if the state over time this form of Islam gained support and came to define the identity of Persia.
Major Islamic state of West Africa that formed in the second half of the fifteenth century. (Strayer, pp. 586-588)
SIGNIFICANCE: It was the most recent and the largest in a series impressive states that operated at a crucial intersection of the Trans-Saharan trade routes and that derived much of their revenue from taxing that commerce.
A prosperous city in West Africa, near an important cross route for the trans-Saharan trade route. (Strayer, pp. 587)
SIGNIFICANCE: Home to great numbers of Muslim religious teachers, judges, scholars that maintained the kingdoms wealth and helped spread various books and manuscripts. Homed an important trade route as well as many Muslims.
Muslim state(1526-1857) exercising dominion over most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. (Strayer, pp. 586-588)
SIGNIFICANCE: With the three other Empires(Ottoman, Safavid, Songhay) it brought the Islamic world a greater measure of political coherence, military power, economic prosperity, and cultural brilliance.
1511-1641-1825. City on the tip of the Malayan peninsula, controlling the spice trade routes in Europe for a long time; became a center for trade to the southeastern Asian islands. Ruled by Portugal for 130 years, then Dutch for 184 years. Eventually becoming part of the Straights Settlements. (Strayer pg 588)
Significance: Helped increase trade in Southeastern Asia; it held a lot of power and influence in Europe because of its control of the spice trade routes.
a state developed from The Triple Alliance of the Mexica people in two other nearby city-states, developed in Mesoamerica in 1428 (Strayer, pp. 589-590)
SIGNIFICANCE-Credited with crystallizing the ideology of state that gave human sacrifice importance. Permeated by trade(both local and long distance) and tribute from conquered people
A small community of Quechua-speaking people that were in the Andes Mountains that incorporated the land and cultures of earlier Andean civilizations to become larger than the Aztecs in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. (Strayer, pp. 592-594)
SIGNIFICANCE: The Incas had a bureaucratic empire, a divine ruled emperor, and had inspectors. There was not gender equality despite the defined and different social roles. It represented a dense and extended network of economic relationships within the "American Web."