AP Euro - Unit 10: Imperialism and the Great War (Terms)

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Terms in this set (30)
apartheidsocial policy or racial segregation involving political, economic and legal discrimination against non-whites.Boxer Rebellion1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils"; rebellion was ended by a coalition of foreign troops."gunboat diplomacy"use or threat of military force to coerce a government into economic or political agreements.Evangelicalismtrend in Protestant Christianity that stresses salvation through conversion, repentance of sin, and adherence to scripture; it also stresses the importance of preaching over ritual and the need to convert others.jingoismextreme, chauvinistic patriotism, often favoring an aggressive, warlike foreign policyTriple Alliance (prewar)alliance among Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy at the end of the 19th century; part of European alliance system and balance of power prior to the Great War.Triple Entente (prewar)alliance among Britain, France, and Russia at the end of the 19th century; part of European alliance system and balance of power prior to the Great War.mobilizationthe process of assembling troops and supplies and making them ready for warSchlieffen PlanGermany's military plan to deal with a two-fronted war; German troops would rapidly (6 weeks) defeat France by moving through Belgium and then move east to attack Russia.Allies (WWI)Great Britain, France, and Russia, later joined by the USCentral PowersGermany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman EmpireProvisional Government (Russia)temporary government created by the Duma after the abdication of the czar; it made the decision to remain in the Great War, costing it the support of the soviets and the people.Red Russiansthose who favored Communists in the Russian Civil WarWhite Russiansopponents of the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War and supported the tsarist regime or a more democratic government.Treaty of Brest-Litovsktreaty between Russia and Germany that would end Russia's involvement in the Great War in 1917 in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans.Fourteen Pointswar aims outlined by U.S. president Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations.Treaty of Versaillestreaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of the Great War that blamed Germany for the war and demanded exorbitant and harsh reparations from the Germans.mandatesnation governed by another nation on behalf of the League of NationsLeague of Nationsworld organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League; essentially powerlesswar guilt clauseclause of treaty of Versailles; declared Germany and Austria responsible for the Great War; ordered Germany to pay reparation to Britain and France.