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AP Euro - Unit 11: Global Conflicts (People)
Terms in this set (14)
Russian revolutionary intellectual and close adviser to Lenin and a leader of the Bolshevik Revolution; commissar of war in the new Soviet government, he helped defeat forces opposed to Bolshevik control; as the Soviet government developed, he engaged in a power struggle against Joseph Stalin.
Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition leading the Soviet Union through the Second World War.
John Maynard Keynes
English economist who advocated the use of government monetary and fiscal policy to combat depression by spending money to encourage investment and consumption
Benito Mussolini (Il Duce)
Italian founder of the Fascist party who came to power in Italy in 1922 and allied himself with Adolf Hitler and the Axis powers during the Second World War.
founder of the German Nazi Party and chancellor of the Third Reich (1933-1945). His fascist philosophy, embodied in Mein Kampf attracted widespread support, and after 1934 he ruled as an absolute dictator. Hitler's pursuit of aggressive nationalist policies resulted in the invasion of Poland (1939) and the subsequent outbreak of World War II. His regime was infamous for the extermination of millions of people, especially European Jews. He committed suicide when the collapse of the Third Reich was imminent (1945).
German Nazi who was head of the SS and the Gestapo who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews; became the second most powerful man in the Third Reich.
Spanish general responsible for the Spanish Civil War he won and ruling as a dictator until his death; leader of the right-wing Nationalists supported by Hitler and Mussolini.
Great British prime minister who advocated peace and a policy of appeasement in the lead up to and opening events of World War II.
British prime minister who led Britain throughout most of World War II who helped plan many allied campaigns; predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the United States during most of World War II who asked Congress to declare war after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
general/premier of Japan during World War II; gave his approval for the attack on Pearl Harbor and played a major role in Japan's military decisions until he resigned in 1944.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
general/leader of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II and planner of the D-Day invasion
president who led the U.S. through the last few months of World War II, best known for making the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945. After the war, Truman was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which greatly accelerated Western Europe's economic recovery.
minister of the Nazi propaganda, and organizer of Kristallnacht and persecutor of Jews.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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