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Terms in this set (340)
What is one reason why the expansion of the railroads caused prices of products to drop during the Gilded Age?
Look at the graph below, which shows the population of the United States from 1790 to 1910.During the Gilded Age the US population rose
The Transcontinental Railroad was completed in
The main reason people moved to cities during the Gilded Age was
Industrialization resulted in what changes to American society?
The growth of business led to the development of a new type of business organization called the corporation. Which of the following was a characteristic of a corporation?
Population growth during the Gilded Age was due in large part to
Which three factors transformed industry during the Gilded Age?
The development of a system of mass production in manufacturing meant that
This graph shows the gross domestic product (GDP) manufactured in the United States from 1800 to 1900.According to the graph, the manufacturing of products in the United States
Which invention was most important in revolutionizing the meat industry?
The expansion of the railroad directly led to economic growth in the US because
Which best describes a development that improved railroad safety?
The US government gave land to the railroads to help them expand. What impact did these land grants have on industries in the West?
The expansion of the rail networks led to
Which is an invention that improved safety for railway passengers?
Which best explains how railroad companies were able to standardize their timetables in 1883?
What impact did railroads have on cities across the United States at the turn of the 20th century?
Railroads not only led to an increase in the ability to transport raw materials, but they also led to a(n)
During the Second Industrial Revolution, which building material became one of the most important in the world?
Which statement is true about the relationship between a monopoly and its competition in a market?
What is the main reason that the American public turned against monopolies?
During the Gilded Age, how did the US Congress act to regulate business practices?
What business practice contributed most to Andrew Carnegie's ability to form a monopoly?
How much did the government regulate business practices during the Gilded Age?
In which business did Andrew Carnegie create a monopoly?
The Cleveland Massacre was
Why was Carnegie Steel able to offer its product more cheaply than its competitors?
How was Rockefeller able to build his monopoly across the oil industry?
Which company was a monopoly during the Gilded Age?
Which type of technology did city planners adopt during the Industrial Age in an attempt to meet the needs of commuters?
Thomas Edison's fascination with what invention inspired him to develop the phonograph?
Which of these industries was made possible by Thomas Edison's ideas and inventions?
Which is a reason people were open to new inventions during the Industrial Age?
How was the telephone different from the telegraph?
Which of these inventions arose from an attempt to help hearing-impaired people?
How did Henry Ford affect the automobile industry?
Which of the following best shows the broad scope of Thomas Edison's work?
Which of these innovations was made possible by Alexander Graham Bell?
How did Granville Woods improve the telegraph?
During the Gilded Age, the shift to a system of mass production that paid workers low wages affected
The system of mass production in manufacturing developed rapidly
Which of the following most accurately compares handmade products with mass-produced products?
The system of large amounts of products produced rapidly by machines is called
During the Gilded Age, industrialists got rich as the price of manufacturing products
The new system of production during the Second Industrial Revolution meant that unskilled workers did
Which of the following characterizes the role of women during the Gilded Age?
How did shoemaking change during the Gilded Age?
What is one way that the system of mass production generally affected families?
As the economy grew during the Gilded Age, many workers and their families
Why did blacklisted union members have trouble finding jobs after the Pullman strike?
Which of the following best describes Samuel Gompers's role in relation to the goals of organized labor?
Unions sought to improve workers' pay and working conditions by
Which statement best explains why, during the 1800s, manufacturers resisted workers' demands for higher wages and safer workplaces?
Which of the following best states the relationship between the government, company management, and striking workers during the late 1800s?
The wildcat strike by employees of the Pullman Company in 1894 was
Which of the following best states the reason why workers formed unions beginning in the late 1800s?
Which statement about the Pullman strike is true?
Which of the following was a direct result of the Pullman strike?
Which of the following groups frequently protested the hiring of unskilled factory workers in the 1800s?
Most "new" immigrants to the United States in the late 1800s came from
In the 1800s, both "old" and "new" immigrants to the United States faced hostility because of
A push factor is best defined as
In the 1800s, an important motivation for both "old" and "new" immigrants to settle in ethnic neighborhoods was
Which of the following groups was most likely to face interrogation at immigration stations during the 1800s?
A pull factor is best defined as
An example of a push factor would be
Almost half of the new immigrants who came to the United States in the late 1800s
A difference between Ellis Island and Angel Island was that
Which of the following best explains why the US government placed restrictions on Asian immigration through Angel Island?
The majority of people who immigrated to America in the late 1800s and early 1900s
What outside factor most directly contributed to the formation of enclaves in cities?
In the late 1800s, anti-Chinese sentiment grew because labor unions promoted the idea that Chinese immigrants were taking American jobs by
During which decade did Chinese immigration to America increase at a high rate?
Which of the following best describes tenements in New York City in the early 1900s?
In 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act
During the late 1800s, the Chinese immigration rate
Which of these statements best describes the views of nativists in the late 1800s?
Which law required immigrants to be able to read and write?
Where did the majority of European immigrants reside in the late 1800s?
Which of the following best explains why immigrants and factory owners worked together but often lived in different parts of a city?
Which statement best describes urban areas during the late 1800s?
Tenement apartments at the beginning of the twentieth century were
At the turn of the twentieth century, the majority of the working poor lived
How did railroads contribute to urban growth during the Second Industrial Revolution?
The "other half" that Jacob Riis referred to in his 1890 book, How the Other Half Lives, were the
Which reason best explains why American cities grew in the late 1800s?
Which of the following was an effect of the growth of the service industry in the late 1800s?
Which of the following best explains why US cities became segregated by culture and ethnicity in the late 1800s and early 1900s?
How did new urban transportation systems contribute to socioeconomic segregation in the late 1800s?
How many immigrants arrived in the United States between 1875 and 1910?
What is one group that was targeted by the Women's Christian Temperance Union?
What was the goal of the temperance movement in the late 1800s and early 1900s?
Who founded Hull House in Chicago in 1889?
What was one common way that members of the temperance movement attempted to stop people from drinking alcohol?
In the late 1800s, the social gospel movement was based on the belief that
How did the number of new immigrants around the turn of the twentieth century affect the number of acculturation programs in the United States?
What was the goal of the Americanization movement that gained popularity between 1875 and 1910?
How is the work of the Salvation Army and other faith-based aid organizations related to the social gospel movement?
"The Settlement then, is an experimental effort to aid in the solution of the social and industrial problems . . . in a great city."Which of the following best describes what Addams meant by "the Settlement"?
The Sherman Antitrust Act was difficult to support in court because its
Political machines were likely to approve public work projects for companies that
Over time, the spoils system developed into a
How does a referendum give people more influence in government?
The reforms of the early 1900s were called "progressive" because
Which describes costs associated with enforcing the Sherman Antitrust Act?
Which reform measure could voters use to approve an amendment to their state constitution?
Which of the following best describes how the recall, referendum, and initiative provisions give power to voters?
Which of the following did the Sherman Antitrust Act make illegal in 1890?
Why were political machines difficult to break up?
Which question would a government leader most likely ask when using a cost-benefit analysis to make a decision?
A government conducting a cost-benefit analysis must consider
In a cost-benefit analysis done by a government, "cost" is defined as
Which best explains the economic benefits of building a smaller courthouse instead of a larger one?
To determine the total economic cost of building a courthouse, a government leader should
The main goal of using a cost-benefit analysis is to reach a
The largest price difference between the two lunches is found in the
In a cost-benefit analysis, costs and benefits can also be referred to as
For which type of programs would a government most likely use a cost-benefit analysis? Select three options.
What is the most likely explanation for why the healthier lunch costs more?
Which of the following was an unintended result of Upton Sinclair's The Jungle?
How did Ida Tarbell help end the Standard Oil monopoly?
A muckraker was a reporter who wrote
Ida B. Wells's book The Red Record
Which of these was a corrupt business practice that Frank Norris exposed in The Octopus?
Who first applied the term muckraker to journalism?
What did Ida B. Wells work to end through her muckraking articles?
Which phrase best fits in the last box?
Which aspect of Upton Sinclair's life best explains his reasons for writing The Jungle?
In How the Other Half Lives, Jacob Riis exposed
Which of the following marked the achievement of a long-held suffragist goal in the early 1900s?
Which best describes the main difference between the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) and the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA)?
In every time of crisis, women have served our country in difficult and hazardous ways. They will do so now, in the home and at work. We naturally deplore those economic conditions which require women to work unless they desire to do so, and the programs of our administration are designed to improve family incomes so that women can make their own decisions in this area. Women should not be considered a marginal group to be employed periodically only to be denied opportunity to satisfy their needs and aspirations when unemployment rises or a war ends.According to the passage, which best describes a long-term impact of woman suffrage in the United States?
The woman who opened the first birth-control clinic in the United States was
In the early 1800s, society considered temperance to be an acceptable cause for female reformers because this issue related to
Elizabeth Cady Stanton is most noted for
Which statement best describes society's view on women and education in the early 1800s?
The passage of the Fifteenth Amendment in 1869 prompted the formation of two major suffrage organizations because
In 1833, Oberlin College became the first US college to
Which statement best describes Margaret Sanger?
W. E. B. Du Bois believed in
As a result of the Plessy v. Ferguson ruling,
W. E. B. Du Bois was a sociologist and activist who
In the Plessy v. Ferguson decision, Supreme Court justices claimed that the Fourteenth Amendment did not protect
Which statement best describes the relationship between Jim Crow laws and the "separate but equal" doctrine?
Which of these ideas would supporters of the Plessy v. Ferguson ruling most likely have agreed with?
What effect did Plessy v. Ferguson have on Jim Crow laws?
Which of the following rights were denied to African Americans as a result of Jim Crow laws?
In upholding Louisiana's Separate Car Act, the Supreme Court claimed that
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was founded based largely on the beliefs of
Which of the following was a goal of the Progressives?
In the Lochner v. New York case of 1905, the Supreme Court ruled that states could not
Which of the following groups was the Square Deal intended to help?
As a result of Supreme Court rulings during the Progressive era,
Which of the following was true of the Supreme Court's rulings concerning Progressive legislation?
During the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt, how did the US government protect businesses?
The Supreme Court ruled in the Northern Securities Trust case that the
Which of the following did Progressives believe would improve government?
The government sued the Northern Securities Railroad Trust because it thought the trust was
Which of the following industries did Progressives want to regulate to protect the health of consumers?
In the 1800s, what new technology helped imperial nations communicate quickly with their colonies in other parts of the world?
In the 1800s, what new technology helped nations build and maintain their empires?
Which of the following best explains the arguments for US imperialism in the late 1800s?
Anti-imperialist efforts in the late 1800s led the US to focus its foreign policy on
Which best represents Alfred Thayer Mahan's position on US imperialism in the late 1800s?
What is the most important reason the United States expanded its territory in Asia in the late 1800s?
Which of the following best explains the goal of imperialism?
A country that expands its power and influence by taking over other countries using diplomacy or military force practices
A key factor of the empires the United States and European countries built in the late 1800s was:
The position of the United States toward Latin America in the 1800s was specifically based on
Which of the following best describes how Japan changed from an isolationist society to a world power?
D. Japan's industrialization enabled it to build modern warships and weaponry.
Which of the following best explains how Hawaii become a US territory?
A. The US annexed Hawaii in 1900.
In order to compete with Western nations, Japan began modernizing its politics and economy in 1868 in a process called
B. the Meiji Restoration
At the end of the 1800s, why did people fear that China might be split into different imperialist colonies?
C. China was too weak to prevent other nations from controlling parts of its territory.
In 1853, who commanded the fleet that arrived in Japan with a letter from President Fillmore?
A. Commodore Matthew Perry
The country Japan fought and defeated during the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 was
The first territory the United States acquired beyond the borders of its 48 contiguous states was
Why did President Fillmore send Commodore Perry to Japan in 1853 and 1854?
C. to negotiate a treaty
In which order did groups from the United States first settle in Hawaii?
B. missionaries, businessmen, military
Which of the following best describes how the Boxer Rebellion ended?
D. The Boxers were defeated by an international army, which allowed foreign occupation to continue.
Which number on the map shows Guam?
The first battle of the Spanish-American War was fought in
B. the Philippines
A result of the exaggerated stories published by newspapers in the late 1800s was that:
A. newspapers had a strong influence on American politics.
Why was acquiring Guam important for the United States in the Spanish-American War?
A. Acquiring Guam allowed the United States to have a naval base in the Pacific.
Which number on the map shows Cuba?
Which of the following describes an effect of the Spanish-American War?
B. Puerto Rico became a US territory.
How did actions of the Spanish during the Cuban Revolution affect American attitudes?
A. Americans opposed the brutal tactics of the Spanish.
By gaining possessions and influence in Asia and the Americas during the Spanish-American War, the United States
D. became a worldwide power with an extended empire.
Why were US businesses upset by Spanish reactions to the Cuban Revolution during the late 1800s?
A. US businesses were afraid they would lose money that they had invested.
What was the main similarity between the Teller Amendment of 1898 and the Platt Amendment of 1901?
D. They both were concerned with the rights of Cuba.
Soon after the USS Maine sank, yellow journalists
C. exaggerated the truth about the event.
Eyewitnesses often have different accounts of events, so historians must
C. evaluate each account to discover the truth.
Which statement best describes a historian?
A. A historian primarily finds out the truth about events from the past.
Which factors are most likely to cause an unintentional event to occur? Check all that apply.
A. people overlooking important evidence
B. leaders making mistakes in judgment
C. people acting without thinking of the consequences
E. people acting without a larger goal or plan
If a question addresses a specific goal, that means the question is
Which statement best describes a relevant question?
A. A relevant question relates to the topic at hand.
Historians base interpretations of past events on
A. evidence they collect.
The National Geographic findings on the sinking of the Maine were mostly based on
B. advanced computer modeling.
What is an assumption historians make when they evaluate a source of information?
C. They know an expert will provide the most accurate information.
The five questions historians ask to investigate the past are ________ , what, where, when, and why.
How did President Theodore Roosevelt's Big Stick policy differ from Dollar Diplomacy and Moral Diplomacy?
B. It emphasized US military strength.
Before building a canal across Central America, the United States needed to buy rights from a company based in which country?
What did President Wilson think of the Big Stick policy and Dollar Diplomacy?
D. Wilson rejected both policies.
Which region was most affected by President Theodore Roosevelt's Big Stick policy?
C. Latin America
How did the Spanish-American War help create support for building the Panama Canal?
A. A canal would have helped US ships get to the war more quickly.
President Wilson's policy of Moral Diplomacy concentrated on building
B. democracies in other countries.
Which action shows that President Theodore Roosevelt did not always rely on military force in foreign policy?
A. He negotiated the Treaty of Portsmouth.
The Roosevelt Corollary was an extension of which of the following policies?
D. the Monroe Doctrine
When the United States decided to build a canal across Central America, Panama was
C. a part of Colombia.
President Taft's foreign policy emphasized
A. the strength and influence of US businesses and banks.
Which best explains why the United States was able to remain neutral at the outbreak of hostilities in 1914, while most of Europe went to war?
A. The United States avoided alliances that would have forced them to participate.
Which statement best supports militarization?
D. "We must strengthen the armed forces and build strong defenses against invasion."
How did European nations compete for power in the years before World War I?
B. by establishing overseas colonies
When World War I was beginning in Europe, the United States was trading profitably with
A. the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance.
Austria-Hungary's takeover of Bosnia in 1908 was an example of how tensions increased when
C. large nations dominated small nations
Which best explains why the United States was able to remain neutral at the outbreak of hostilities in 1914, while most of Europe went to war?
A. The United States avoided alliances that would have forced them to participate.
Why did European nations form alliances in the early 1900s?
A. They were unsure they could protect themselves if attacked by larger nations.
During the early 1900s, the European nation whose increase in military forces and equipment alarmed other European nations was
How did US leaders think people would respond to a military draft during World War I?
A. They thought people would strongly oppose it.
Which was not a challenge faced by America during the start of the WWI?
A. establishing borders with Canada and Mexico
Why did the Zimmermann Telegram between Germany and Mexico concern the United States?
C. Germany promised to help Mexico reconquer Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.
Which of the following describes an effect of the war that Americans experienced on the home front?
A. increased work opportunities
During World War I, which weapon was most likely to cause unintended deaths?
C. poison gas
Between 1915 and 1917, how did the strategies the Germans used at sea differ from those of the Allied Powers?
A. Germany attacked nonmilitary ships and those of the United States, a country not involved in the war.
Which of the following weapons helped continue the stalemate on battlefields during World War I?
D. the machine gun
During World War I, the second phase in battles that crossed enemy lines and approached trenches was
D. infantry attack.
Which of the following upset the United States and moved it closer to entering the war?
A. the Zimmerman Telegram
During the early years of World War I, which of the following did the Germans use to great advantage?
C. the submarine
What was the Great Migration during World War I?
B. the movement of African Americans from the rural South to northern cities
Which statement best describes how machine guns were used during World War I?
D. to defend territory
How did many Americans view President Wilson's goal of establishing an international peacekeeping organization after World War I?
D. They opposed it because isolationist sentiment was growing, and many people feared American involvement in another war.
What best describes why Germany felt the Treaty of Versailles was unfair?
A. The treaty did not honor earlier agreements about surrender.
At the end of World War I, President Wilson offended members of the US Senate by
D. excluding them from the peace process.
Why did President Wilson want the United States to provide leadership at the end of World War I?
B. He believed the United States would be able to protect world peace.
Although debate over international affairs would continue, World War I ended when Germany was defeated in which year?
Which provision of the Treaty of Versailles had the greatest economic impact on Germany?
C. Germany had to pay huge reparations for the damages it caused.
How did the Allies' point of view affect Germany during the peace process after World War I?
D. Germans were angry about their harsh punishment.
How were the views of France and the United Kingdom similar at the end of World War I?
D. They wanted Germany to be punished for the destruction caused during the war.
What was Germany's main goal after World War I?
C. to remain a world power
The fact that the United States did not join the League of Nations supports the idea that many Americans
C. agreed with the ideas of the isolationists.
Why did Congress pass the Volstead Act to go along with the Eighteenth Amendment?
C. The Volstead Act provided for the enforcement of the Eighteenth Amendment.
Some proponents of Prohibition supported the policy on religious grounds because they
D. viewed excessive drinking as immoral behavior.
Which statement best describes the beliefs of those who were against Prohibition in the early 1900s?
B. They thought Prohibition would take away people's rights.
In the early 1900s, Al Capone was a
The main purpose of the Anti-Saloon League in the early 1900s was
C. to pass a constitutional amendment outlawing alcohol.
Why did taxes cause leaders to be reluctant about prohibition?
C. Income taxes were not created yet and the government depended on the liquor tax for funding.
An immediate effect of the Scopes trial on American society was that
B. people learned the scientific evidence for the theory of evolution.
During the 1925 Scopes trial, the prosecution's main argument was that
C. schools had to teach biblical creationism.
John Scopes, the defendant in the 1925 Scopes trial, was
D. a teacher
Why was the Twenty-first Amendment to the US Constitution necessary?
B. to repeal the Eighteenth Amendment
How did Henry Ford's Model T contribute to the culture of the Roaring Twenties?
B. The Model T was generally affordable allowing more people to own them.
During the 1920s, flappers were best described as women who
D. danced the Charleston.
A major theme of F. Scott Fitzgerald's work was the idea that the post-war world
D. was empty and meaningless.
Clara Bow impacted other 1920s-era women by
A. representing the fashion and rebellion of the era.
Both Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald were
C. pessimistic novelists.
Which is the best example of how women went against social norms during the Roaring Twenties?
A. Women became flappers who danced the Charleston.
A major change women experienced during the post-World War I era was that they started
D. working outside the home.
What feature did radio in the 1920s offer that other inventions did not offer?
A. People could listen to music in real time.
In the 1920s, mass media helped popularize which of these sports heroes?
A. Babe Ruth
Ernest Hemingway, part of the "lost generation," often wrote works related to
B. the futility of war.
Zora Neale Hurston collected and wrote about African American
B. folk tales.
Besides jazz, the Harlem Renaissance was also known for African American
Which two cities were the most popular destinations during the Great Migration?
A. New York and Chicago
The Jazz Age occurred during which decade?
In which city was Harlem located?
C. New York
What happens to a dream deferred?Does it dry uplike a raisin in the sun?*
Maybe it just sagslike a heavy load.Or does it explode?
According to the poem, the speaker feels that the relationship between whites and African Americans is
B. tense and unequal.
A poet whose works inspired other Harlem Renaissance poets was
B. Claude McKay.
The aspects of a specific location that make people want to move away are called
D. push factors.
The Chicago Defender called for an end to lynching and segregation. How did this influence the Great Migration?
B. these were pull factors
A result of jazz's development during the 1920s and 1930s was that many people
D. embraced jazz music.
How did many manufacturers in the 1920s improve efficiency to meet increasing consumer demand?
D. They adopted mass-production manufacturing techniques developed by Henry Ford.
During what years did consumerism cause the stock market to grow most?
I have been unable to determine how reduction in taxes is injurious [harmful] to business. Each tax reduction has been followed by a revival of business. If there is one thing above all others that will stimulate business, it is tax reduction. If the government takes less, private business can have more. If constructive economy in federal expenditure can be assured, it will be a stimulation to enterprise and investment.
Which would be the best headline for this presidential address?
D. Tax Reductions Lead to Economic Growth in the 1920s
Calvin Coolidge's economic policies during the early 1920s helped people forget about the
A. Teapot Dome Scandal.
During the 1920s, more people began to acquire shares of stock using
In the consumer culture of the 1920s,
A. people purchased nonessential goods on a regular basis.
How did mass production affect consumers?
B. The prices of mass-produced goods decreased, making many items more affordable.
While consumerism during the 1920s boosted the economy, it also led to
B. higher debt
Which statement best describes the trends shown in the graph?
A. As the highest tax rate was reduced in the 1920s, the economy grew.
How did many banks fail consumers in the stock market crash of 1929?
A. Banks had invested customer savings in the stock market, losing depositors' money in the crash.
During the 1920s, economic growth in the United States occurred
A. rapidly and then slowed down.
Which best explains why people failed to make their promised payments on items during the 1920s?
B. They bought too much.
When banks closed as a result of the financial crisis of the Great Depression, depositors
C. lost any savings they had kept at a closed bank.
Which is an example of using credit?
B. A consumer buys an item and promises to pay later.
To meet demand in the early 1920s, businesses and industries produced
B. more goods that were less expensive.
During the 1920s, buying stock on credit was called
C. buying on margin.
During which decade did an economic boom and bust occur in the United States?
A strong stock market depends on
D. overall confidence in the economy.
Which best explains what had happened by October 31, 1929, in the stock market?
B. The market had lost much of its value.
Why did movie theaters become an important source of entertainment during the Depression?
B. Movies helped people forget their troubles.
Which best describes the US when Herbert Hoover took office?
B. economically prosperous
Opposed to the idea that government should be directly involved in people's lives, Hoover
A. believed creating jobs would help Americans survive the Depression.
Which best shows the effects of the Great Depression on Americans?
A. soup kitchens and shantytowns
How long did the Great Depression last?
C. until World War II
Which was the most widespread economic consequence of the Great Depression?
A. Many Americans lost their jobs.
In what year did the Great Depression begin?
What was a consequence of the trend between 1929 and 1933, as shown on the graph?
C. Many people lost their income and their homes.
Which was a social consequence of the Great Depression?
A. Many Americans could not find enough food.
A main indicator of the spread of homelessness during the Great Depression was
Which directly contributed to soil erosion on the Great Plains in the 1930s?
People looking for farm work during the Great Depression often moved to
During the Roaring Twenties, American farmers
D. produced crops despite falling prices.
During the 1930s, the large area of farmland experiencing droughts was known as
C. the Dust Bowl.
Which led to dust storms during the 1930s?
C. farming and drought
Banks often suffered in the 1930s and lost money because they could not
A. sell farms they repossessed.
How were farmers and banks connected in the 1930s?
A. Farmers lost their farms, and then banks lost money.
Migrants who left the Great Plains behind during the 1930s
A. often ended up living in poverty in crowded camps.
Which led to the dust storms of the 1930s?
B. the removal of grass
Which most damaged topsoil and farming equipment during the 1930s?
B. dust storms
"Out of every crisis, every tribulation, every disaster, mankind rises with some share of greater knowledge, of higher decency, of purer purpose."
Which best explains what Roosevelt is promising the nation?
C. that he will lead the nation out of its current state and help America grow stronger
When Franklin D. Roosevelt ran for president in 1932, the country was
B. mired in the Great Depression.
Which groups did Franklin Roosevelt specifically help during his first Hundred Days in office?
B. farmers and the unemployed
Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal programs gave the government a more active role in
D. creating jobs.
During his campaign for president in 1932, Franklin Roosevelt promised to
D. reverse many of the policies of Herbert Hoover.
Why did Franklin Roosevelt launch new programs during his first hundred days in office?
C. to help people immediately and provide them with jobs
Which best describes the public/private partnerships created under Roosevelt's New Deal reforms?
D. The government hired companies to provide public goods and services.
Which issue that arose under Hoover helped Roosevelt into the White House in 1932?
A. a high unemployment rate
Which was a New Deal program instituted by Franklin Roosevelt?
C. federal relief for the unemployed
Franklin Roosevelt's attempts to change the role of government were somewhat restricted by
D. the Supreme Court.
Which of the following did Townsend advocate for and include in the Social Security Act of 1935?
C. monthly financial assistance for retired Americans
Which of the following pieces of legislation was also known as the Wagner Act?
C. the National Labor Relations Act
The Works Progress Administration (WPA) created jobs building and repairing
C. public infrastructure.
Which of the following agencies created in the Second New Deal employed both artists and manual laborers?
D. the Works Progress Administration
Before the Social Security Act was passed, limited government assistance existed in the form of
D. individual state programs.
Which of the following became common after the 1933 National Industry Recovery Act was no longer in effect?
D. Employers interrogated and blacklisted union members.
In 1933, the Supreme Court struck down the National Industry Recovery Act, leaving workers
C. with no legal protection from unfair employment practices.
The 1933 National Industry Recovery Act
B. gave employees the right to bargain collectively.
Which of the following reforms in the Second New Deal helped millions of retired Americans with financial difficulties?
C. the Social Security Act of 1935
Which of the following oversaw the Federal One project in the 1930s?
D. the Works Progress Administration
Which best describes the legislative setbacks Franklin Roosevelt encountered during his first two terms?
D. Supreme Court rejection of several New Deal programs and congressional rejection of the judicial reform bill
What did Huey Long's Share-the-Wealth proposal depend on for funding?
B. a government-mandated redistribution of wealth
Most opposition to New Deal programs came from
C. Republicans and conservative Democrats.
Which was part of Huey Long's Share-the-Wealth proposals?
D. more vacation time for state workers
Unlike liberal critics of Roosevelt's New Deal, conservative critics
C. thought New Deal programs expanded government too much.
In response to the Supreme Court's treatment of New Deal programs, President Roosevelt proposed the
D. judicial reform bill.
Why did many conservatives disagree with New Deal economic policies?
A. Many conservatives believed in balanced budgets, low taxes, and low government spending.
Critics saw Roosevelt's judicial reform bill as
B. an attempt to gain influence on the Supreme Court.
How did 1936 Republican presidential candidate Alf Landon react to the New Deal?
D. He supported parts of the New Deal.
Which strengthened conservative opposition to the New Deal in 1937?
C. Franklin Roosevelt reinstated several government programs..
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