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History: Chapter 15
Terms in this set (31)
The group of people who give their lives to serve the church as priests, monks, and higher church officials.
To exclude a person from a church or a religious community.
How did Charlemagne try to reform the church in his empire?
Charlemagne ordered priests, monks, and nuns to live strictly. Priests were educated and acted as clerical advisers. They also resolve conflicts with a noble and a church leader.
How did Charlemagne's coronation contribute to the split between the Christian churches?
Charlemagne's coronation was the beginning of the conflict over who had power to crown an emperor. The Eastern Church did not believe that the pope had the authority.
What rights did Pope Gregory VII claim as pope?
Pope Gregory VII claimed that the pope alone had the power to choose bishops and remove emperors from the throne.
Why was the power to choose bishops and important factor in the conflict between the pope and the emperor?
Emperors wanted to choose bishops who would follow their rules and maintain their own political agendas.
William the Conqueror
Invaded southern England in late September 1066.
A body of law that has developed from custom and from judges' decisions rather than laws passed by law-making assembly.
Refers to a court order to bring an arrested person before a judge or court.
And assembly of representatives who make laws.
Where did the Normans come from?
The Normans came from Normandy in France.
How did the Norman conquest change England?
The Normans brought new language, new culture, and new leaders to England. The conquerors dispossessed the Anglo-Saxon barons and made a new ruling class.
Why was the Magna Carta written?
The Magna Carta was written to establish certain rights and put limits on the king's power.
How did the Magna Carta limit royal power?
The Magna Carta limited royal power because it made the king subject to the laws. It required a council of barons to raise taxes, and the right to trial by jury in court cases.
A religious person who travels to a holy place or shrine.
Christian religious war.
A belief that was rejected by official church doctrine.
A church court designed to investigate and judge heretics.
What were the Crusades?
The Crusades were Christian religious wars.
Why might a medieval man or woman want to join a crusade?
Medieval men believed it was the will of God for them to join the Crusades.
How did the Crusades result in the persecution of Jews?
The Crusades attacked and persecuted all non-Christians.
Why did the church persecute and try to eliminate heretics?
The church persecuted and tried to eliminate heretics because it feared that people might trust the beliefs of the heretics, and be doomed for eternity.
The movement to drive the Muslims from Spain.
Ferdinand and Isabella
United Spain's largest Christian kingdoms.
When and where did the Moors rule in Spain?
The Moors ruled the region of Andalusia from the eighth to the 10th centuries, and continued to control parts of Spain until 1492.
Compare the civilization of Moorish Spain with that of the rest of midieval Europe.
The Moors had greater religious tolerance, more extensive learning, more far reached trade, and finer handcrafts.
What was the Reconquista?
The Reconquista was the movement to drive out the Muslims from Spain.
Why was converting Jews and Muslims important to Ferdinand and Isabella?
Ferdinand and Isabella felt that in converting Jews and Muslims to Christianity, they were doing God's work.
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