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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Causes of the American Revolution
Terms in this set (36)
Reasons the British imposed new taxes on the colonies
To pay off the debt from the French and Indian War
Reasons the British imposed new restrictions on the colonies
To avoid new conflicts with Native Americans and to enforce the taxes (prevent smuggling of goods)
Proclamation of 1763
forbade colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains
forced the colonies to provide housing for British soldiers
sent those accused of smuggling to courts run by officers, which denied them a jury of their peers
Writs of Assistance
allowed British officials to search colonists' homes
decreased the tax on molasses, but better enforced it
added a tax on sugar, coffee, and other goods
put a tax on almost all printed materials within the colonies
gave Parliament the right to tax and make decisions for all British colonies in all cases
placed a tax on all goods imported into the colonies, such as paper, glass, and tea
allowed the British East India Company to ship tea to the colonies without paying most of the required taxes and to sell directly to shops without going through colonial merchants
a series of laws created in response to the Boston Tea Party that closed the Boston Harbor, banned town meetings, expanded the Quartering Act, and gave Quebec western lands
Reasons that the British acts angered the colonists
taxation without representation, invasion of privacy, took away colonial governments' rights to make laws and taxes for the colonies, took away the right to a jury, left a standing army in the colonies during peacetime
Taxation without representation
the idea that it is unfair to tax someone without giving them a voice in government
Invasion of privacy
Colonists felt that their privacy was violated by being forced to house troops
Took away colonial government's rights
Colonists felt only colonial governments should be able to tax and make laws for the colonies and that British acts took this from them.
Took away the right to a jury
The use of vice-admiralty courts meant that there was no trial by jury.
Left a standing army in the colonies during peacetime
Colonists argued that the standing army threatened their freedom.
Sons of Liberty
a group started by Samuel Adams to protest the Stamp Act in Boston
House of Burgesses reaction to the Stamp Act
passed a resolution saying only they could tax their citizens
Stamp Act Congress
consisted of delegates from nine colonies who wrote a petition to Britain saying that the colonies could only be taxed by their own colonial assemblies
a refusal to buy or use British goods
agreements signed by colonial merchants that pledged not to buy or use goods from Britain
Daughters of Liberty
a group formed by colonial women that supported the boycott of British goods by promoting handmade fabrics and goods
Seizure of the Liberty
British customs officials seized John Hancock's ship in Boston and accused him of smuggling in goods
Effects of the seizure of the Liberty
Led to massive protesting in Boston and customs officials fled, sending word to Britain
Causes of the Boston Massacre
Parliament sent more troops to Boston due to protesting.
British troops treated Bostonians poorly and the colonists felt their rights were being violated.
The Boston Massacre
Protesters marched down Kings Street and threw things at the British troops.
Troops opened fire on the crowd, killing five colonists.
Effects of the Boston Massacre
Colonists used the attack to get more anti-British support.
Led to more boycotts and the repeal of taxes from the Townshend Acts, except for the tea tax
Causes of the Boston Tea Party
The passing of the Tea Act, which favored the British East India Company over colonial merchants
Boston Tea Party
Sons of Liberty organize and dress like natives, sneak on board ships in Boston Harbor, and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor.
Effects of the Boston Tea Party
King George III and Parliament punish Boston by passing the Intolerable Acts.
How the Intolerable Acts united the colonies
Other colonies sent food and clothing to Boston when their supplies were cut off.
Colonists discussed how they felt the laws were violating their rights, which led to the meeting of the Continental Congress.
First Continental Congress
a meeting of delegates from all of the colonies except Georgia in Philadelphia in September 1774
Reason for meeting at the First Continental Congress
to work together to oppose the British policies towards the colonies
Outcomes of the First Continental Congress
Wrote a set of grievances and sent to Parliament, voted to boycott all British goods, refused to ship their goods to Britain, and called on colonists to arm themselves, leading to the creation of militias.
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