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analogy (n.)

likeness in some respects between things otherwise different; similarity; comparison

arbitrary (adj.)

autocratic; despotic; tyrannical; proceeding from a whim or fancy (ant. legitimate)

arbitrate (v.)

1. decide a dispute, acting as an arbiter or arbitrator (judge)
2. submit a dispute to arbitration

axiom (n.)

self-evident truth; moxim

axiomatic (adj.)

self-evident; universlaly accepted as true

bias (n.)

opinion formed before there are grounds for it; prejudice; predilection; partiality

bigoted (adj.)

intoelrant; narrow-minded

bigotry (n.)

views or behavior of a bigot (one intoleratly devoted to one's own beliefs and prejudices); narrow-mindedness; intolerance

cogitate (v.)

think overp; consider with care; ponder

criterion (n.)

standard; rule or test for judging (pl. citeria)

crux (n.)

most important point; essential part

deduce (v.)

derive by reasoning; infer

dilemma (n.)

situation requriring a choice between two equally bad alternatives; predicament

dogmatic (adj.)

asserting opinions as if they were facts; opinionated; asserted without proof

eclectic (adj.)

choosing (ideas, methods, etc.) from various sources

fallacious (adj.)

based on a fallacy (erroeneous idea); misleading; deceptive (ant. sound; valid)

fallible (adj.)

liable to be mistaken (ant. infallible)

heterodox (adj.)

rejecting regularly accepted beliefs or doctrines; heretica; nonconformist (ant. orthodox)

hypothetical (adj.)

supposed; having the characteristics of a hypothesis, a supposition made as a basis for reasoning or research. (If supported by considerable evidence, a hypothesis becomes a theory, and eventually, if no exceptions are found, a law.)

illusion (n.)

misleading appearance; false impression; misconception

indubitable (adj.)

certain; incontrovertible; indisputable (ant. questionable; doubtful)

orthodox (adj.)

generally accepted, especially in religion; conventionalp; approved (ant. heterodox; unorthodox(

paradoxical (adj.)

having the characterisitcs of a pardox (a self-contradictory statement which may nevertheless be true)

plausible (adj.)

superficially true or reasonable; apparently trustworthy

preposterous (adj.)

senseless; absurd; irratonal

rational (adj.)

1. able to think cleraly; intelligent; sensible (ant. absurd; irrational)
2. based on reason

rationalize (v.)

invent excuses for one's actions, desires, failures, etc.

sophistry (n.)

clever but deceptive reasoning

specious (adj.)

apparently reasonable, but not really so

speculate (v.)

1. reflect; meditate; conjecture
2. buy or sell with the hope of profiting by price fluctuations

tenable (adj.)

capable of being maintained or defended (ant. untenable)

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