31 terms

Reasoning Vocab

analogy (n.)
likeness in some respects between things otherwise different; similarity; comparison
arbitrary (adj.)
autocratic; despotic; tyrannical; proceeding from a whim or fancy (ant. legitimate)
arbitrate (v.)
1. decide a dispute, acting as an arbiter or arbitrator (judge)
2. submit a dispute to arbitration
axiom (n.)
self-evident truth; moxim
axiomatic (adj.)
self-evident; universlaly accepted as true
bias (n.)
opinion formed before there are grounds for it; prejudice; predilection; partiality
bigoted (adj.)
intoelrant; narrow-minded
bigotry (n.)
views or behavior of a bigot (one intoleratly devoted to one's own beliefs and prejudices); narrow-mindedness; intolerance
cogitate (v.)
think overp; consider with care; ponder
criterion (n.)
standard; rule or test for judging (pl. citeria)
crux (n.)
most important point; essential part
deduce (v.)
derive by reasoning; infer
dilemma (n.)
situation requriring a choice between two equally bad alternatives; predicament
dogmatic (adj.)
asserting opinions as if they were facts; opinionated; asserted without proof
eclectic (adj.)
choosing (ideas, methods, etc.) from various sources
fallacious (adj.)
based on a fallacy (erroeneous idea); misleading; deceptive (ant. sound; valid)
fallible (adj.)
liable to be mistaken (ant. infallible)
heterodox (adj.)
rejecting regularly accepted beliefs or doctrines; heretica; nonconformist (ant. orthodox)
hypothetical (adj.)
supposed; having the characteristics of a hypothesis, a supposition made as a basis for reasoning or research. (If supported by considerable evidence, a hypothesis becomes a theory, and eventually, if no exceptions are found, a law.)
illusion (n.)
misleading appearance; false impression; misconception
indubitable (adj.)
certain; incontrovertible; indisputable (ant. questionable; doubtful)
orthodox (adj.)
generally accepted, especially in religion; conventionalp; approved (ant. heterodox; unorthodox(
paradoxical (adj.)
having the characterisitcs of a pardox (a self-contradictory statement which may nevertheless be true)
plausible (adj.)
superficially true or reasonable; apparently trustworthy
preposterous (adj.)
senseless; absurd; irratonal
rational (adj.)
1. able to think cleraly; intelligent; sensible (ant. absurd; irrational)
2. based on reason
rationalize (v.)
invent excuses for one's actions, desires, failures, etc.
sophistry (n.)
clever but deceptive reasoning
specious (adj.)
apparently reasonable, but not really so
speculate (v.)
1. reflect; meditate; conjecture
2. buy or sell with the hope of profiting by price fluctuations
tenable (adj.)
capable of being maintained or defended (ant. untenable)