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11th grade health
Terms in this set (9)
Barriers & Influences on food choices / lifestyle.
time, irregular working hours, and taste preferences, genes, mentality, health
6 Major Nutrients
Carbohydrates-sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetables and milk products
Fats-give your body energy that it needs to work properly.
Proteins-large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms, especially as structural components of body tissues such as muscle, hair, collagen, etc.,
Vitamins-substances that our bodies need to develop and function normally.
Minerals-a chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms to perform functions necessary for life.
A chemical substance that an organism must obtain in relatively large amounts
Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins
Calories/Energy Per Gram (Cho 4, Fats 9, Protein 4)
10 grams of carbohydrates = 40 calories
10 grams of fat = 90 calories
Carbohydrates break down into → Glucose
Complete proteins vs. Incomplete proteins
Complete- Contains all nine essential amino acids and come from animal products
Incomplete- Missing one key amino acid and comes from plants
Unsaturated Fats vs. Saturated & Trans Fats
Unsaturated- are liquid at room temperature, are considered beneficial fats because they can improve blood cholesterol levels, ease inflammation, stabilize heart rhythms, and play a number of other beneficial roles.
Saturated-This type of fat comes mainly from animal sources of food, such as red meat, poultry and full-fat dairy products.
Trans-This type of fat occurs naturally in some foods in small amounts
produce with least exposure to herbicides and pesticides
EX cabbage, avocados, grapefruit, eggplant, cantaloupe, mushrooms, peas, kiwi,
A list, compiled by an environmental interest group, of those legislators who voted most frequently against its measures
4 grams of sugar = 1 sugarcube
Sugar is a drug (dopamine)
Health problems associated with high sugar intake
obesity, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as well as cognitive decline and even some cancers.
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