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World History Exam

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The ___ ruled much of Asia in the 1200s and 1300s.
Mongols
___ was the center of the first Russian state.
Kiev
___ was the Byzantine emperor who collected the laws of ancient Rome.
Justinian
The greatest emperor of Mali was ___.
Mansa Musa
The ___ were the great warrior lords of Japan.
Daimyo
Mongol armies called the ___ ruled much of medieval Russia.
Golden Horde
In some ancient African societies, parents and children lived and worked together as a unit, forming a ___.
Nuclear family
Different households who claim a common ancestor belong to the same ___.
Lineage
The common language of ___, is responsible for the spoken word throughout Africa.
Banta
The powerful chieftain ___ began the Mongol conquest of China.
Genghis Khan
Architecture that featured pointed arches and tall spires.
Gothic
Anglo-French conflict fought over French land and the succession to the French crown
Hundred Years' War
Expeditions to regain the Holy Land from the Muslims
Crusades
period in the papacy during which two competing popes each claimed to be the supreme spiritual authority of the church
Great Schism
period in the papacy during which the papal seat was in Avignon, France
Babylonian Captivity
architecture that features low horizontal lines, few windows, and looked stately
Ronanesque
T or F: Joan of Arc was a national hero and deserved to die at the hands of the Protestants
false
T or F: The Children's Crusades were highly successful
false
T or F: Mounted knights were no longer an effective military unit after the Hundred Years War
true
T or F: Scholasticism is the thought of bringing together science reasoning and faith to make the world a better place
true
T or F: University means a gathering of people
true
T or F: An epidemic is an outbreak of a rapid-spreading disease
true
T or F: The Japanese practiced both Hinduism and Buddhism
false
T or F: Rice is the basic food of the Chinese
true
T or F: The Japanese Emperor today is a descendant from the first emperor
true
T or F: The capital city of the Byzantine empire was called Istanbul
false
T or F: The Byzantine Empire was stronger, wealthier, and less corrupt than the western part of the Roman Empire
true
Which weapon was not a result of the Crusades?
halberd
The city of Constantinople was in a key location on the strait that links the Mediterranean Sea with the ___.
Black Sea
Science made little real progress in Europe in the Middle Ages because ___.
science was considered to be related to magic and witchcraft
What was an effect of the Black Death?
there were large increases in wages and prices throughout Europe
When camels were brought to Africa, trade increased across the ___.
Sahara
What is a key belief or duty of Islam?
Each Muslim should make a pilgrimage to Mecca.
Who held most of the power in Japanese feudal society?
the shogun
China under the Tang dynasty ___.
halted military expansion to focus on domestic issues
Under the Tang and Song dynasties, China's two main classes were ___.
the gentry and the peasantry
Because of its geographical location, Korea has been strongly influenced by the culture and traditions of ___.
China
The city of Constantinople ___.
commanded key trade routes linking Europe and Asia
Everyday speech that varies from place to place
vernacular
form of Japanese ceremonial suicide
seppuku
wrote the Inferno
Dante
where Roman law and canon law were taught
Bologna
wrote the Canterbury Tales
Chaucer
association of merchants or craftspeople
guild
killed millions of people
Bubonic plague
feeling of loyalty to the country as a whole
patriotism
Italian merchant who visited Kublai Khan
Marco Polo
teacher at Oxford who attacked the church
Wycliffe
T or F: Tsar is the same thing as Czar.
true
T or F: Ivan the Great freed his country from the rule of the Chinese.
false
a religious group that has broken away from an established church
sect
wrote a guide for rulers on how to gain and keep power
Niccolo Machiavelli
a government run by religious leaders
theocracy
proposed a heliocentric model of the universe
Nicholaus Copernicus
an artist who made sketches of flying machines centuries before the first airplane
Leonardo da Vinci
showed that gravity keeps planets in orbit
Isaac Newton
started a printing revolution
Johann Gutenberg
the idea that God long ago decided who would be saved and who would not
predestination
the city that produced many Renaissance artists and scholars with the support of the Medici family
Flanders
a thriving trading region where the northern Renaissance began
Flanders
One way that Renaissance artists reflected the new ideas of humanism was by painting ___.
well-known people of the day
What major theme of the northern Renaissance did Albrecht Durer's engravings portray?
religious upheaval
The Swiss city-state of Geneva became a model of Protestant morality under the leadership of ___.
John Calvin
What resulted from the Peace of Augsburg in 1555?
Each German prince could decide the religion for his lands.
Anabaptists believed that infants should not be baptized because ___.
infants are too young to accept the Christian faith
Humanist scholars differed from medieval thinkers in that humanists ___.
tended to focus more on worldly subjects
Sir Thomas More was executed because he ___.
would not accept Henry VIII as head of the Church in England
The purpose of the Council of Trent was to ___.
direct the reform of the Catholic Church
Unlike Francis Bacon, Rene Descartes believed that the best road to understanding was through ___.
human reasoning
In the 1600s, Robert Boyle's work transformed the field of ___.
chemistry
T or F: Martin Luther's original intent with his theses was to create a new church
false
T or F: The Roman Catholic Church was a model of Christian love and treated all of its believers faithfully
false
T or F: The popes were great feudal lords and sometimes went to battle to protect their lands
true
T or F: John Wycliffe was burned at the stake for his outspoken criticism of the Church
false
T or F: Martin Luther was a Roman Catholic Bishop when he spoke out against the abuses of the Church
false
T or F: The 95 theses were pounded on the door of a church so there would be so much noise to attract the attention of all the people
false
T or F: The 95 theses were all made up falsehoods by Martin Luther
false
T or F: Johann Tetzel was one of the best salesman the Roman Catholic Church had
true
T or F: Indulgences were an easy way to heaven.
false
T or F: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V sided with the pope in his persecution of Luther.
true
T or F: The word Protestant was used to describe the people that opposed the Roman Catholic Church.
true
T or F: All the people who supported Luther did so on the basis of faith.
false
T or F: The Peace of Augsburg was revolutionary in the treatment of the lowest class of people.
true
T or F: John Calvin believed that faith guaranteed everyone a place in heaven.
false
T or F: The ideal place to live during the Renaissance was Geneva, Switzerland because the secular rule was fair and the citizens could worship freely.
false
T or F: Calvinists believed in harsher punishments for Believers.
true
T or F: The Protestant religion broke up into many different sects.
true
wrote about the manners of the aristocratic class
Castiglione
painted the ceiling of the Sistine chapel
Michelangelo
painted the Mona Lisa
Leonardo da Vinci
made plans for the dome of St. Peter's Cathedral
Michelangelo
wrote The Prince
Machiavelli
painted the Last Supper
Leonardo da Vinci
wrote "For all time"
Shakespeare
sculpted Moses
Michelangelo
painted the School of Athens
Raphael
sculpted David
Michelangelo
painted peasant scenes
Peter Bruegel
wrote Utopia
Thomas More
named "Leonardo of the North"
Durer
greatest humanist of Northern Europe
Erasmus
painted townspeople and religious scenes
Jan van Eyck
wrote a comedy about two giants
Rabelais
T or F: The Renaissance involved learning from classical Greek and Egypt.
false
T or F: Humanism is an intellectual movement to understand classical cultures and a better understanding of the current times people are living in.
true
T or F: Petrarch was from the city state of Florence and is remembered for the library he collected.
true
T or F: Greece's location made it the natural place for the start of the Renaissance.
false
T or F: The Medici family is a great example of a powerful merchant class family exerting its influence over a city state.
true
T or F: The definition of patrons of the arts is that people were the fathers of the artists.
false
T or F: The Renaissance time period included many new artistic techniques, including perspective, shading, lighting, using charcoal, mosaics, and drawing on cave walls.
false
T or F: Gothic architecture enjoyed a great resurgence of popularity during the Renaissance
false
started the Church of England
Henry VIII
received the title "Defender of the Faith"
Henry VIII
second daughter of King Henry VIII
Elizabeth I
cousin of Queen Elizabeth
Mary Queen of Scots
mother lost her head because of an affair
Elizabeth I
wrote letters to Philip of Spain
Mary Queen of Scots
"Bloody Mary"
Mary Tudor
monarch when England defeated the Spanish Armada
Elizabeth I
loved to have Protestants put to death
Mary Tudor
described the working of the heart as a pump
Harvey
universe followed very strict laws
Newton
polish scholar who first proposed heliocentric model of the universe
Copernicus
perfected microscope and saw cells
Leeuwenhoek
on deathbed said, "and yet it moves"
Galileo
ancient physician who set medical standards
Galen
"I think, therefore I am."
Descartes
laws of planetary motion
Newton
stressed experimentation and observation
Bacon
created calculus
Newton
placed under house arrest by Catholic Church for his scientific beliefs
Galileo
wanted science to make life better by leading to practical technologies
Bacon
created the graph
Descartes
T or F: Christopher Columbus was so confident in his belief that the world was round that eagerly shared the progress of the ships' voyage with the crew.
False
T or F: New technology in shipbuilding allowed the Europeans to explore the world in the 1400s.
True
t or f: Vasco de Gama was the first person to round the Cape of Good Hope.
false
T or F: The Europeans were the first people to enslave Africans
false
T or F: The Dutch were the dominant power in India until the 1900s.
False
T or F: The United States was the country that brought China out of its isolation in the 1850s.
false
T or F: The Spanish were the first to solve the problem of scurvy at sea.
False
T or F: Columbus sailed from Italy when he started his voyage of exploration.
false
T or F: Columbus was a rich man when he died.
false
T or F: The Mughal Empire was so large and powerful that the rulers saw no problem in trading with the Europeans.
true
T or F: The Koreans had a proverb which described their situation, "a shrimp among whales."
true
T or F: Ferdinand and Isabella made Spain stronger by expelling the Jews.
false
T or F: Afonso de Albuquerque won trading posts through force.
true
T or F: The Filipino people were largely converted to the Islamic faith.
false
T or F: The actual Line of Demarcation was unclear because geography at the time was imprecise.
true
T or F: Japan was known as the "Hermit Kingdom" because of its isolation.
false
T or F: The Boers treated the Africans as allies because the Africans helped the Boers defeat the Portuguese.
False
The southern tip of Africa became known as the Cape of Good Hope because ___.
rounding it gave sailors a direct sea route to Asia.
What two Europeans powers agreed to the Line of Demarcation?
the Spanish and the Portuguese
After Mughal power declined, what group took control over most of India?
the British East India Company
After the Japanese and Manchus invaded Korea, the Koreans responded by ___.
excluding foreigners from their nations
The first Europeans to challenge the Portuguese control of Asian trade were the ___.
Dutch
What group of people enslaved Africans before the Europeans did?
Arabs
What did Lord Macartney refuse to do for the Chinese emperor?
Kowtow
T or F: Under their ruler, Osei Tutu, the Asante had a monopoly on the slave and gold trade.
True
T or F: The man that spurred on exploration in the 1400s was King Henry of Spain.
false
T or F: The Boers were Spanish and Portuguese farmers.
false
T or F: The Dutch people who built a great trading empire were from the Netherlands.
true
T or F: The Catholic missionaries from the Jesuit order were especially welcomed in China.
true
T or F: The Catholic missionaries sent to Japan were ineffectual in making converts.
false
The ___ was the part of the triangular trade route that shipped African slaves to the America.
Middle Passage
The Aztec emperor who ruled over the fabulous city of Tenochtitlan was ___.
Moctezuma
People who take financial risks to make money are ___.
entrepreneurs
The Spanish who conquered the Americas were called ___.
conquistadors
Under a system called ___, Native Americans were forced to work under brutal conditions.
encomiendas
High officials called ___ ruled large colonial territories in the name of the monarch.
viceroys
The economic policy called ___ was based on a nation exporting more goods than it imports.
mercantilism
In 1521, an expedition led by ___ captured the treasure of the Aztecs.
Hernan Cortes
The explorer ___ claimed much of present-day eastern Canada for France.
Jacques Cartier
Pirates who operated with the approval of European governments were ___.
privateers
Who was the conquistador who added the lands of the present-day countries of Peru, Ecuador, and Chile to the Spanish emperor?
Francisco Pizarro
Through the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1492, ___.
Portugal claimed its empire of Brazil
The population of New France grew slowly because ___.
the harsh winter kept many French from settling there
The English colonies of Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Maryland were mainly set up as ___.
havens for persecuted religious groups
The first leg of the triangular trade route ___.
brought European goods to Africa
Widespread inflation struck Europe in mid-1500s due to the increasing amounts of ___.
silver and gold from the Americas
T or F: Cortes would not have been so successful without the help of a woman.
True
T or F: Representatives who ruled in the name of the King of Spain were titled viceroy.
True
T or F: The French first crossed the Atlantic Ocean for fish.
True
T or F: The first French permanent settlement in Canada was Ottawa.
False
Both Cortes and Pizarro encountered ___.
rival Spanish factions
What disease was not one of the particularly devastating ones for Native Americans?
plague
Workers forced to work off a debt were known as ___.
peons
The Spanish lawmaking body for the colonies was the ___.
Council of the Indies
Who urged the importation of workers from Africa and later regretted it?
Bartolome de Las Casa
The war between Britain and France during the 1700s was called the ___.
French and Indian War
British dominance in North America was ensured by the ___.
Treaty of Paris
Which English colony was started as a place for prisoners?
Georgia
Most African slaves were taken from ___.
inland villages
The nomadic peoples of western North America benefited greatly from the European importation of ___.
horses
T or F: Potatoes were native to Europe and came to the New World in the Columbian Exchange.
false
T or F: Capitalism is a system where the government only controls half of the businesses.
false
T or F: A key reason the Spanish were able to dominate the Aztecs is that their leader, Atahualpa, had just completed a civil was against his brother.
false
T or F: Incomes from all kinds of taxes are revenues.
true
T or F: Revolts by crew or captives on a boat are called coups.
false
Place the following people in the proper social order from the top to the bottom: Native Americans, Mestizos, Creoles, Peninsulares, Mulattoes
Peninsulares, Creoles, Mestizos, Mulattoes, Native Americans
Where did the Bourbans rule?
France
Where did the Hapsburgs rule?
South America, Holy Roman Empire, Austria
Where did the Stuarts rule?
England and Scotland
Where did the Hohenzollerns rule?
Prussia
Where did the Romanovs rule?
Russia
Where did the Tudors rule?
England
Many European monarchs believed in ___, or that their authority came directly from God.
divine right
A ___ consists of high-ranking government leaders who advise a head of state.
cabinet
Landowning Russian nobles, or ___, opposed Peter the Great's attempts at westernization.
boyars
The German princes who chose the Holy Roman emperor were called ___.
electors
King Henry IV passed laws to protect French Protestants who were called ___.
Huguenots
The ___ of Poland divided Polish lands among Russia, Prussia, and Austria.
partitions
English Protestants who differed with the Church of England were known as ___.
dissenters
___ was a Greek painter who was a master of the Spanish style.
El Greco
During the Thirty Years' War, roving armies of ___, or soldiers for hire, killed without mercy.
mercenaries
Royal officials who carried out the policies of Louis XIV were called ___.
intendants
What was a major threat to the empire of Charles V?
Ottomans advancing across Europe
An important goal of Philip II of Spain was to ___.
defend the Catholic Reformation.
What type of government was created in England by the Glorious Revolution?
limited monarchy
What did Maria Theresa do to strengthen the Hapsburg empire?
She reorganized the Hapsburg bureaucracy.
Peter the Great waged war against the Ottoman empire to ___.
gain a warm-water port on the Black Sea
Under the rule of Catherina the Great, ___.
Russia seized lands in eastern Poland
T or F: Don Quixote was the writer of the book Miquel de Cervantes.
false
T or F: Spain defeated the Ottoman Empire in the Battle of Lepanto.
true
T or F: Cardinal Richelieu was chief minister under Louis XIII and strengthened the central government.
true
T or F: The Louvre was the palace of the Sun Kin.
false
T or F: Supporters of Charles I in the English Civil War were called cavaliers.
true
T or F: William and Mary had to accept acts known as the Petition of Rights.
false
T or F: Peter the Great made the nobles shave their beards.
true
T or F: Peter built a new capital city, which he called Petersborough.
false
T or F: Under Catherina the Great, more people became serfs than under Peter the Great.
true
T or F: Russian landowning nobles were called Junkers.
false
T or F: Catherine the Great became Tsarina, even though she was not born in Russia.
true
T or F: After Charles VI's death, Frederick II of Prussian seized the Hapsburg land of Silesia.
true
T or F: Maria Theresa was the only female Hapsburg to rule.
true
T or F: The Northern German states remained faithful to the Roman Catholic faith.
false
T or F: A government in which power belongs to a few people is called an oligarchy.
true
T or F: Levellers believed that all Frenchmen had the same rights.
false
T or F: James VI was responsible for having the King James version of the Bible written.
true
T or F: Cromwell worked with the Long Parliament when he was Lord Protector.
false
T or F: Russia started the Great Northern War against Sweden and eventually won.
true
T or F: Peter the Great wanted to conquer Sweden because he needed a warm water port for Russia.
false
T or F: Philip III was king of Spain during the time of the Spanish Armada.
false
T or F: Cardinal Richelieu received training to become a military officer before switching careers to the service of the church.
true
T or F: Versailles was a great symbol of power for Prussia.
false
Place English monarchs in order they ruled from longest ago to most recent: James I, Henry VIII, Elizabeth I, Charles I, William and Mary, Bloody Mary, Charles II, Cromwell, James II.
Henry VIII, Bloody Mary, Elizabeth I, James I, Charles I, Cromwell, Charles II, James II, William and Mary.
T or F: Philip II of Spain had four wives.
true
T or F:The French armada defeated the English Navy in 1590.
false
T or F: Huguenots were Jewish people who wanted to practice their faith.
false
T or F: Louis XIII was the king who said "I am the State."
false
T or F: Versailles is just like all the other castles in Europe.
false
T or F: Electors were Germanic princes who selected the Holy Roman Emperor.
true
T or F: Frederick II of Prussia always wanted to be a military leader. He studied military history and trained hard from his birth. That is why he deserves to be called Frederick the Great.
false
T or F: Peter the Great made the boyars cut their beards so they would look more like Western Europeans.
true
T or F: Throughout the 1700s the nation of Poland was divided three times between Prussia, Russian and Austria. This caused Poland to disappear from the European map.
true
T or F: The English Bill of Rights includes some of the same rights as guaranteed in the United States' Bill of Rights.
true
T or F: The Prime Minister of England is the leader of the opposition party.
false
T or F: At one point in history, the Spanish ruled over all of Europe with the exception of France.
false
T or F: A key reason for Spain's demise was their many wars.
true
T or F: The Ottoman Empire was allied with France, which made life very difficult for the Hapsburgs.
false
T or F: The Edict of Nantes granted the Pilgrims religious toleration and other freedoms.
false
T or F: The Peace of Westphalia stopped the fighting in Germany and created a new unified country.
false
T or F: The Puritans were only seeking religious freedom for all people and gladly accepted any ruler as their monarch.
false
A light, delicate style of art called ___ that was used during the power of Louis XV.
rococo
The principle of ___ states that all government power come from the people.
popular sovereignty
The Enlightenment thinker ___ believed in the idea of the separation of powers in government.
Montesquieu
Taxes imposed on the colonies by the government of ___ helped bring about the American Revolution.
George III
Economist ___ argued for a free market in which businesses can operate with few government rules.
Adam Smith
In an informal social gathering called a ___, Enlightenment thinkers could talk about their ideas.
salon
___ helped spread Enlightenment ideas y publishing a collection of articles by leading thinkers.
Diderot
___ wrote most of the Declaration of Independence.
Thomas Jefferson
The grand, formal style of art called ___ was popular during the rule of Louis XIV.
baroque
In her book "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman," Mary Wollstonecraft argued that women and men should have equal ___.
education
What did physiocrats believe was the best trade policy?
laissez faire
Enlightenment writers often faced censorship because they ___.
challenged the old order
An enlightened despot was a ruler who ___.
influenced political and social change
Because the American colonies were home to diverse religious and ethnic groups, ___.
social distinctions were more blurred than in Europe
The Battle of Saratoga was important to the American Revolution because ___.
the American victory convinced France to support America.
American leaders gathered in Philadelphia in 1787 to revise ___.
the Articles of Confederation.
T or F: Immanuel Kant described the era of the 1700s as "enlightened."
true
T or F: Thomas Hobbes is the author of "Leviathan."
true
T or F: Rousseau said, "my trade is to say what I think."
false
T or F: The Reformation revolutionized thinking and led to the Enlightenment.
false
T or F: Maria Theresa toyed with implementing Enlightenment ideas while ruling Russia.
false
T or F:The Church often embraced the changes of the Enlightenment because all people benefited from the positive changes.
false
T or F: Parliament passed the Navigation Acts in the 1600s to impose harsh penalties on pirates.
false
T or F: James Monroe was the author of the Constitution of the United States.
false
T or F: Benjamin Franklin was a philosopher, scientist, publisher, legislator, and diplomat.
true
T or F:Frederic II ruled Austria during the Age of Enlightenment, ending censorship and abolishing serfdom during his reign.
false
T or F: France supported the American Revolution after the victory in Boston Harbor.
false
What rules discoverable by reason did Enlightenment thinkers try to apply to the study of human behavior and society?
natural law
Which woman did not protest the Philosophes' inaction towards their gender?
Anne Stuart
Which enlightened despot considered him/her self to be the "first servant of the state"?
Frederick the Great
T or F: Thomas Hobbes was the first person to describe the era as enlightened.
false
T or F: Rousseau believed that people in their natural state were immoral.
false
T or F: Mercantilism replaced laissez faire as the main focus of government economic policy.
false
T or F: Daniel Defore's story is outdated and no longer has entertainment appeal.
false
T or F: The French government reacted to the first Encyclopedia by incorporating it into the government processes.
false
During the French Revolution, ___ was executed for demanding equal rights for women.
Olympe de Gouges
Bankers and merchants were members of the ___, or French middle class.
bourgeoisie
Napoleon tried to defeat the British by using the ___, a strategy of closing European ports to British goods.
Continental System
Each time Napoleon held a ___ during his rise to power, the voters strongly supported him.
plebiscite
Spanish patriots used ___, or hit-and-run raids, to resist French rule.
guerrilla warfare
The laws of the ___ included many Enlightenment ideas.
Napoleonic Code
The moderate revolutionary leader ___ fought alongside George Washington and was head of the French National Guard.
Marquis de Lafayette
The old order in which France was divided into three social classes was called the ___.
ancien regime
During the Reign of Terror, condemned people were beheaded using the ___.
guillotine
T or F: Dr. Joseph Guillotin introduced the guillotine as a more humane method of beheading people.
true
T or F: Napoleon never lost a battle in which he commanded French troops.
false
T or F: A chief goal of the Congress of Vienna was maintain the balance of power.
true
T or F: The Reign of Terror happened because the French king needed to punish the people for trying to overthrow his rule.
false
T or F: Throughout the French Revolutionary era, suffrage always stayed the same.
false
T or F: The fourth estate is considered to be the press.
true
T or F: A coalition is a group of people who come together for a common cause.
true
T or F: The poor people of France always had cheese to eat.
false
In France's old order, the clergy belonged to the ___.
First Estate
Louis XVI was forced to dismiss his financial advisor, Jacques Necker, when Necker proposed ___.
taxing the First and Second estates
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen was modeled on the ___.
United States Constitution
The National Assembly voted to pay off the huge government debt by ___.
instituting an income tax.
When the new National Convention met in 1792, what form of government did the radicals create?
a republic
The Reign of Terror gave way to the Directory phase of the revolution in which the dominant political force was the ___.
Jacobins
Which country was able to remain outside Napoleon's European empire?
Britain
What war tactic helped the Russians defeat Napoleon?
scorched-earth policy
The Congress of Vienna promoted the principle of legitimacy by ___.
restoring Napoleon to the throne
T or F: When the Parisians stormed the Bastille they expected to find hundreds of weapons to use in the revolution.
true
T or F: The poorest citizens of France were called cahiers.
false
T or F: Claiming to represent France, the National Assembly met and delivered the Tennis Court Oath.
true
T or F: Napoleon capitalized upon nationalism to make Europe the greatest group of nations in the world.
true
T or F: Robespierre's enemies called him "the incorruptible" because they admired his methods of running the government so much.
false
T or F: When you have met your "Waterloo," that means just like Napoleon, you have met your final defeat.
true
In 1789, the delegates to the Estates-General that broke away and declared themselves to be the National Assembly were from the ___.
Third Estate
The poorest members of the Third Estate were ___.
urban workers
The women who marched on Versailles refused to leave until the king agreed to ___.
return to Paris
In the Declaration of Pilnitz, the king of Prussia and emperor of Austria ___.
threatened to intervene to protect the French monarchy
Robespierre believed that France could achieve a "republic of virtue" only through ___.
the use of terror
After overthrowing the Directory in 1799, Napoleon and his followers set up a three-man governing board called the ___.
Consulate
Under the Napoleonic Code ___.
men regained complete authority over their wives
T or F: Marie Antoinette was a hero of two world since she was a native Austrian (the daughter of the empress) and the queen of France.
false
T or F: In the Napoleonic era, France was considered to be the whale and Britain the elephant.
false
What is the date of Bastille Day?
July 14, 1789
What is the name of the island that Napoleon was exiled to until his death?
St. Helena
Who was the famous Englishman that supported the American Revolution, but argued that the French Revolution was going to be bad for all of Europe?
E. Burke
Capitalists called ___ take on the financial risk of starting and managing new businesses.
entrepreneurs
___ put his utopian ideas into practice by setting up a model community in New Lanark, Scotland.
Robert Owen
British philosopher and economist ___ believed in a utilitarian doctrine.
Jeremy Bentham
Marx referred to the working class as the ___.
proletariat
The Industrial Revolution brought rapid ___ as people migrated to cities to find work.
urbanization
A business organization, or ___, in areas such as shipping, mining, or factories, helped fuel the Industrial Revolution.
enterprise
Travelers on a ___, or private road, often had to pay a fee for its use.
turnpike
A drug that prevents pain during surgery, called ___, was patented by an American dentist.
anesthetic
Working-class families in cities typically lived in a ___, or multistory apartment building.
tenement
___ improved the steam engine in the late 1700s, helping to provide power for the Industrial Revolution.
James Watt
During the Industrial Revolution, life changed in what basic way?
People migrated from rural areas to cities.
The cotton gin was a machine that could ___.
separate seeds from raw cotton
The first factories developed in what industry?
textiles
What was the first railroad line?
Liverpool-Manchester
In the early 1700s, Abraham Darby's experiments led him to ___.
produce a less expensive, better-quality iron
Thomas Malthus discouraged vaccinations because ___.
disease was a natural means of population control
What describes David Ricardo's "Iron Law of Wages?"
Wage increases will not raise the standard of living of poor families.
"The greatest happiness for the greatest number" was the goal of ___.
utilitarianism
Germany formed a social democracy in the 1860s to change gradually ___.
from capitalism to socialism
Karl Marx despised capitalism because he believed that it ___.
created prosperity for a few and poverty for many
T or F: The agricultural revolution forced many farmers out of business.
true
T or F: The process of enclosure was the separation of the iron from the ore.
false
T or F: People benefited materially from the industrial revolution.
true
T or F: The English led the way in the agricultural revolution.
true
T or F: Many canals in England went bankrupt because the cost of coal was cut in half.
true
T or F: The Anglicans went into the slums and taught the working poor Sunday School.
true
T or F: Middle-class meant the same social-economic group as the working class.
true
T or F: Farm work was just as hard and tedious as factory work.
true
T or F: Water was the most important source for power in the early industrial revolution.
false
T or F: Jethro Tull's invention helped prevent waste within the agricultural world.
true
T or F: Charles Dickens was a great American writer who wrote about the ills of the Industrial Revolution.
false
T or F: Louis Philippe was known as the citizen king.
true
T or F: Napoleon III received his number because he was the grandson of Napoleon.
false
T or F: The German and Italian revolts of 1848 were successful in creating new nations.
false
T or F: Holland became fully independent in 1831 because of the rebellion in Paris in 1830.
false
T or F: The "June Days" in 1848 proved deadly to 1500 workers in Germany.
false
T or F: The iron horse was the nickname given to the steam boats.
false
T or F: Robert Fulton was the first person to create a steam locomotive.
false
T or F: Karl Marx's ideas were embraced by the different governments of Europe.
false
T or F: Children were an important labor source during the industrial revolution.
true
T or F: Thomas Malthus believed the population would grow faster than the food supply.
true
T or F: John Stuart Mill believed the government should step in and help the weak.
true
What nation successfully gained independence in 1831 following the spread of revolutionary ideas in 1830?
Belgium
The founder of the Methodist church was ___.
Wesley
From 1850 to 1900 the population of London ___.
more than doubled in size
Which country placed the Pope back in power after the Revolutions of 1848?
France
Name the man that helped Engles with his writings.
Karl Marx
Name some machines that were constructed to increase cotton production.
flying shuttle, cotton gin, spinning jenny.