AGE OF JACKSON

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Terms in this set (27)
Nullification Crisis of 1832Argument between South Carolina and the federal government regarding the role of national governmentVetoa constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.Indian Removal Act(1830) a congressional act that authorized the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi RiverTrail of TearsThe Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.States Rightsthe rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.John C. CalhounSouth Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullificationSouth CarolinaThreatened to secede from the UnionOklahomaArea the Government forced the Native Americans to migrate toWorcester v. Georgia (1832)Held that Native Americans were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments which would infringe on the tribe's sovereignty; ignored by the Jackson administration.Spoils Systemthe practice of a successful political party giving public office to its supporters.Secedewithdraw formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance, or a political or religious organization.Andrew Jackson (1829-1837)The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers.Resettlementthe movement of people to a new location or settlementRatify(v.) to approve, give formal approval to, confirmJacksonian DemocracyA policy of spreading more political power to more people. It was a "Common Man" theme.Election of 1824 (Corrupt Bargain)No one won a majority of electoral votes, so the House of Representatives had to decide among Adams, Jackson, and Clay. Clay dropped out and urged his supporters in the House to throw their votes behind Adams. Jackson and his followers were furious and accused Adams and Clay of a "corrupt bargain."Election of 1828/Jacksonian Revolution"Jackson and Reform"- Jackson would "clean sweep" the corruption of Adams to answer the question "shall the people rule". Jackson won 178-83, and pop greatly, increased voter turnouts=people's gov

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