Chapter 7: The Progressive Era
Terms in this set (18)
Interstate Commerce Act
1887 Act which required railroads to publish rates, forbade discrimination against shippers, and outlawed charging more for short haul than for a long one over the same line
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)
Electoral contenders other than the two major parties. American third parties are not unusual, but they rarely win elections.
(1901 -1917Formed by Midwestern Farmers, Socialists, and Labor Organizers -attacked monopolies, and wanted other reforms, such as bimetallism, transportation regulation, the 8-hour work day, and income tax
Social Gospel Movement
A 19th Century reform movement based on the belief that Christians have a responsibility to help improve working conditions and alleviate poverty HS: Led to the establishment of settlement houses, or community centers in slum neighborhoods that provided assistance to people in the area especially immigrants.
1906 - Journalists who searched for corruption in politics and big business
(TR) , muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago.
1860-1935. Founder of Settlement House Movement. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. HULL HOUSE
He believed that African Americans should strive for full rights immediately. He helped found the Niagara Movement in 1905 to fight for equal rights. He also helped found the NAACP.
1913 constitutional amendment allowing American voters to directly elect US senators
1858-1919. 26th President. Leader of Rough Riders in Spanish-American War. Added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. "Big Stick" policy.
Economic policy by Roosevelt that favored fair relationships between companies and workers
William H. Taft
(1857-1930) Twenty-seventh president of the United States; he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff. He lost Roosevelt's support and was defeated for a second term.
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
Federal Reserve Act
1913 law that set up a system of federal banks and gave government the power to control the money supply
National Park Service
Agency that manages all national parks, national monuments and other conservational and historical places.
Susan B. Anthony
(1820-1906) An early leader of the women's suffrage (right to vote) movement, co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Elizabeth Cady Stanton in 1869.
granted women the right to vote in 1920 (Susan B Anthony started campaign)