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20 terms

AP Psychology Final Review 2

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The chemical messengers released into the space between neurons are called:
neurotransmitters
The part of the brainstem that controls heartbeat and breathing is called the:
medulla
The two language regions in the left hemisphere are called:
Broca's and Wernicke's areas
Schizophrenia is most closely linked with excess activity at receptor sites for the neurotransmitter:
dopamine
After Greg's serious motorcycle accident, doctors detected damage to his cerebellum. Greg is most likely to have difficulty:
playing his guitar
A patient with damage to Wernicke's area of the brain would probably have difficulty:
understanding what someone says
If a poison was developed that blocked dopamine from being used by the brain, which of the following neural structures would most likely be affected by the poison?
receptor site
You come home one night to find a burglar in your house. Your heart starts racing and you begin to perspire. These physical reactions are triggered by the:
sympathetic nervous system
A brief electrical charge that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the:
action potential
Which brain structure receives information from all the senses except smell?
thalamus
Which is the correct sequence in the transmission of a neural impulse?
dendrite cell body axon synapse
One of the clearest differences between the functions of the left and right hemispheres involves:
spoken language
A synapse is a(n):
junction between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron
The surgical removal of a large tumor from Allen's occipital lobe resulted in extensive loss of brain tissue. Allen is most likely to suffer some loss of:
vision
The central nervous system consists of:
the brain and spinal cord
The function of dendrites is to:
receive incoming signals from other neurons
The effect of a drug that is an agonist is to:
mimic a particular neurotransmitter
A patient with damage to Broca's area of the brain would probably have difficulty:
expressing thoughts in spoken language
The part of the left frontal lobe that directs the muscle movements involved in speech is known as:
Broca's area
The corpus callosum is a band of neural fibers that:
sends information between the cerebral hemispheres.