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Chapter 12 and 14 World history exam questions

Please place these Chinese dynasties in the proper chronological order
Han, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, Ching.
13. What made Genghis Khan a great conqueror?
• He united the Mongols, he was a brilliant organizer, assembled the Mongols into warriors, he was a gifted strategist, and he used cruelty as a weapon.
14. What was the Pax Mongolica? Why was it important?
• The period when the Mongols imposed stability and law. It guaranteed a safe passage for travelers.
15. List the major inventions/developments of the Tang and Song dynasties
Printing, gunpowder, and the compass. They all changed history
16. Describe the status of women during the Tang and Song periods.
• The women's status further declined in the Tang and Song periods even though it was already low from previous dynasties. (Binding of feet to show higher status)
17. What was a samurai? By what code did he live? What role did he play in society? How did he deal with failure?
• A loyal warrior, He served after the Bushido code, served as a bodyguard, they died honorable deaths.
18. What native religion did the Japanese practice? What foreign religion/philosophy was adopted in Japan?
Shinto; they adopted many ideas from Buddhism.
19. What was the importance of the civil service system in China?
Nobles could work their way up to a higher class instead of being born into it.
20. What is Marco Polo's claim to fame?
He wrote a book about his several voyages around China and Europe.
21. Why did Kublai Khan favor Mongols and other foreigners for government posts?
• Kublai Khan ruled over the Mongol Empire so he trusted the people to guard his government posts.
22. Were the Mongols successful in invading Japan? Why or Why not?
No, they sent huge fleets against Japan and Japan always conquered the fleets
23. Describe the government that emerged in Japan.
The Heian Period began and that started a very powerful Japanese government
53. What was the Norman Conquest of England?
• William, duke of Normandy, invaded England with a Norman army conquering England.
54. How did the Norman Conquest change England? Name the battle
• The Battle at Hastings changed everything. This helped William decide that all of England would be his personal property.
55. Which English king was forced to sign the Magna Carta? By whom? What DATE?
• John Soft sword (King John), forced to sign by his nobles. June 15, 1215.
56. Why was the Magna Carta created?
Guaranteed basic political rights.
57. What was the legislative body of medieval England?
58. What was the three-field system? What impact did it have?
• A process to improve soil by spacing out planting times and seasons. Important so that the people could grow more crops at a time.
59. Who called for all Christians to liberate Jerusalem from the Muslims? What did this spark?
• Philip II it caused religious turmoil and disputes as well as war.
60. What was the chief goal of the Crusades? How successful were they overall
• To gain control of the Holy Lands; very successful
61. Who was the Muslim leader who showed kindness to Richard the Lion-Hearted?
• Saladin.
62. What negative effect of the Crusades continues until the present day?
• The intolerance Christians show to Muslims shows a legacy of hatred.
63. What was the Black Death? How did it arrive in Europe? How was it spread?
• Bubonic plague, it arrived from Asia through trade routes.
64. How did it change society in Europe?
• It killed almost 25 million Europeans also populations declined, trade declined, Jews were blamed, and the church suffered a loss of prestige when its prayers failed
65. What was a guild? What functions did they perform in medieval society?
• Organization of people in the same business working to improve economic and social conditions.
66. What French king established the French Court of Appeals? Why else do we care?
• Louis IX, it could overturn the decisions of the court.
67. Who fought in the Hundred Years' War?
• England and France.
68. What were the most important effects of the Hundred Years' War? Weapon?
• A feeling of nationalism and power and prestige of the French.
69. What was the Commercial Revolution? What were some of its more significant effects?
• Expansion of trade and Business. Trade increased=more cash
70. What are characteristics of a Gothic cathedral? Example of a Gothic cathedral.
• Ribbed vaults, flying buttresses, pointed arches, and tall spires. Chartres cathedral in Europe.
71. Why was stained glass windows created in Gothic cathedrals?
• Illustrates stories from the bible.
72. What was the name given to the legislative body in medieval England? In medieval France?
• Common law and Estates general.