20 terms

AP Psychology Final Exam Review 4

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The sound "sh" that begins the word "short" is an example of one of the _______ used in the English language.
phonemes
The most basic or lowest-level need in Maslow's hierarchy of human motives includes the need for:
food and drink
Charles Spearman theorized a general intelligence factor, "g," that:
underlies other, more specific aspects of intelligence.
Intelligence researcher Howard Gardner theorizes that intelligence:
is made up of at least 8 independent types of intelligence.
An algorithm is a:
methodical step-by-step procedure for solving problems.
When her son fails to arrive home as expected, Elena fears he has been in an accident. Both her heart and respiration rate remain elevated until she sees him come safely through the door. Her body soon returns to normal due to the action of her ________ nervous system.
parasympathetic
The sudden realization of a solution to a problem is called a(n):
insight
What did Maslow call the highest need in his hierarchy, the need to realize our unique potential as a person?
self-actualization
A test of your capacity to learn to be an automobile mechanic would be considered a(n) ________ test.
aptitude
Achievement tests are designed to:
assess learned knowledge or skills.
Marcy grows roses for the sheer joy of it; Jennifer grows them to sell at a profit. Marcy's behavior reflects ________, whereas Jennifer's behavior reflects ________.
intrinsic motivation; extrinsic motivation
Walter Cannon's research on the response to stress primarily involved which of the following physiological responses?
fight or flight response
Joan forgot to bring a pillow on the camping trip, so she spent a very uncomfortable and restless night. Unfortunately, she never thought of using her down-filled jacket as a pillow. Joan's oversight best illustrates:
functional fixedness.
Which stage of the GAS involves higher levels of hormones that keep our respiration, body temperature, and blood pressure high?
resistance
Which division of the nervous system calms the body after an emergency passes?
parasympathetic
Whorf's linguistic relativity hypothesis predicted that:
language structures the ways we can think about the world.
A test that measures or predicts what it is supposed to is said to have a high degree of:
validity
According to the two-factor theory, the two basic components of emotions are ________ and ________.
cognitive labels; physical arousal
The way an issue or problem is worded and presented can affect the way we answer it due to the ______ effect
framing
Tests that attempt to measure a test-taker's ability and predict future performance are called:
aptitude tests