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includes only india incomplete


a large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent


a very large, unbroken area of land


something that blocks the way; an obstacle


a writing system developed by the Aryans


avoid and stay away from deliberately


the act of a Hindu widow willingly cremating herself on the funeral pyre of her dead husband


the priest, not the spirit, brahMAN
the highest of the four varnas: the priestly or sacerdotal category


made or declared or believed to be holy


A group of writings sacred in Hinduism concerning the relations of humans, God, and the universe.


the Creator


A Hindu god considered the preserver of the world


the Destroyer


the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires


a state of peace and quiet

4 Noble Truths

Core of Buddha's doctrine; all life involves suffering, desire is the cause of suffering, elimination of desire brings the end to suffering, and disciplined life conducted in accordance with the Eightfold Path brings elimination of desire

Eightfold path

In Buddhism, the basic rules of behavior and belief leading to an end of suffering


one who has achieved a state of perfect enlightenment


an Asian country under the control of China


government run by church leaders

Dalai Lama

chief lama and once ruler of Tibet

Ganges and Indus

2 rivers in the Indus river valley


nomads from Europe and Asia who migrated to India and finally settled; vedas from this time suggest beginning of caste system


sacred animal to ancient Indians becauses they provieded meat, milk, trade, and they use dung to patch walls


rainy season in southern Asia when the southwestern monsoon blows, bringing heavy rains

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