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24 terms

Finals study guide India

includes only india incomplete
STUDY
PLAY
subcontinent
a large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent
landmass
a very large, unbroken area of land
barrier
something that blocks the way; an obstacle
sanskrit
a writing system developed by the Aryans
shun
avoid and stay away from deliberately
suttee
the act of a Hindu widow willingly cremating herself on the funeral pyre of her dead husband
Brahman
the priest, not the spirit, brahMAN
the highest of the four varnas: the priestly or sacerdotal category
sacred
made or declared or believed to be holy
upanishads
A group of writings sacred in Hinduism concerning the relations of humans, God, and the universe.
Brahma
the Creator
Vishnu
A Hindu god considered the preserver of the world
Siva
the Destroyer
nirvana
the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires
tranquility
a state of peace and quiet
4 Noble Truths
Core of Buddha's doctrine; all life involves suffering, desire is the cause of suffering, elimination of desire brings the end to suffering, and disciplined life conducted in accordance with the Eightfold Path brings elimination of desire
Eightfold path
In Buddhism, the basic rules of behavior and belief leading to an end of suffering
Buddha
one who has achieved a state of perfect enlightenment
tibet
an Asian country under the control of China
theocracy
government run by church leaders
Dalai Lama
chief lama and once ruler of Tibet
Ganges and Indus
2 rivers in the Indus river valley
Aryans
nomads from Europe and Asia who migrated to India and finally settled; vedas from this time suggest beginning of caste system
cattle
sacred animal to ancient Indians becauses they provieded meat, milk, trade, and they use dung to patch walls
monsoon
rainy season in southern Asia when the southwestern monsoon blows, bringing heavy rains