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law- ch 24

STUDY
PLAY
In __________, the United States Congress passed a sweeping truth-in-labeling law called the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act. This statute requires food manufacturers and processors to provide nutrition information on most foods and prohibits them from making scientifically unsubstantiated health claims.
1980
1990
1970
1960
1990
__________ laws stipulate that if the dealer or manufacturer does not correct a recurring defect in a vehicle within a specified number of tries (for example, four tries) within a specified period of time (for example, two years), the purchaser can rescind the purchase and recover a full refund of the vehicle's purchase price.
Lime
Lemon
Orange
Blue
Lemon
__________ is a type of deceptive advertising prohibited under Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act. It occurs when a seller advertises the availability of a low-cost discounted item to attract customers to its store. Once the customers are in the store, however, the seller pressures them to purchase more expensive merchandise.
Bait and switch
Bait and catch
Lure and catch
Lure and switch
Bait and switch
引诱
Telemarketers have __________ from the date on which a consumer signs up for the "Do-Not-Call" Registry to remove the customer's phone number from their sales call list.
Three (3) months
Nine (9) months
Six (6) months
One (1) year
Three (3) months
Pursuant to the __________ Protocol, sponsored by the United Nations, all genetically-engineered foods must be clearly labeled with the phrase "May contain living modified organisms." Consumers can therefore decide on their own whether to purchase such altered food products.
Genetic engineering
Biosafety
Soylent
Moreau
Biosafety
The United States Department of __________ is the federal administrative agency responsible for regulating meat, poultry, and other food products.
Commerce
Health and Human Services
Homeland Security
Agriculture
Agriculture
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) employs approximately __________ inspectors and spends approximately __________ per year on inspecting meat and poultry.
Twelve thousand (12,000); $2 billion
Eight thousand (8,000); $1 billion
Ten thousand (10,000); $2 billion
Six thousand (6,000); $1 billion
Eight thousand (8,000); $1 billion
The United States __________ is the federal administrative agency empowered to enforce the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
Food and Drug Administration
Department of Health and Human Services
Department of Commerce
Department of Homeland Security
Food and Drug Administration
The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA) prohibits the shipment, distribution, or sale of __________ food.
Consummated
Adulterated
Ameliorated
Irradiated
Adulterated
掺入次级品的
Which of the following does not violate an established ceiling, or "action level," for a food contaminant, as established by the Food and Drug Administration?
Twenty (20) fly eggs in an eight-ounce portion of golden raisins
Thirty (30) maggots in 3.5 ounces of canned mushrooms
Twelve (12) rodent hairs in one (1) pound of popcorn
Forty (40) insects in one hundred (100) pounds of shelled peanuts
Twenty (20) fly eggs in an eight-ounce portion of golden raisins
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) may remove from commerce any cosmetics that contain unsubstantiated claims of __________.
Preserving youth
Increasing virility
Growing hair
All of the above
All of the above
The __________ Device Amendment to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act gives the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authority to regulate medicinal devices such as heart pacemakers, kidney dialysis machines, defibrillators, surgical equipment and other diagnostic, therapeutic, and health devices.
Medicinal
Geriatric
Medicaid
Medicare
Medicinal
Which of the following is not a power of the Consumer Product Safety Commission?
Adopt rules and regulations to interpret and enforce the Consumer Product Safety Act
Collect data regarding injuries caused by consumer products
Conduct binding arbitration on all consumer product safety-related disputes
Conduct research on the safety of consumer products
Conduct binding arbitration on all consumer product safety-related disputes
Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act, as amended, prohibits __________ practices.
Unfair
Shocking and abusive
Shocking
Unfair and deceptive
Unfair and deceptive
To protect consumers from ill-advised decisions, many states have enacted laws that give the consumer a certain number of days to rescind (cancel) a door-to-door sales contract. The usual period is __________ days.
Seven (7)
Thirty (30)
Five (5)
Three (3)
Three (3)
The United States Meat and Poultry Safety Administration is a federal administrative agency that is responsible for regulating meat, poultry, and other food products.
F
The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA) prohibits the shipment, distribution, or sale of unadulterated food.
F
In 1952, the United States Congress enacted the Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) and created the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC).
F
If a consumer product is found to be conceivably hazardous, the manufacturer can be required to recall, repair, or replace the product or take other corrective action.
F
If a consumer product is found to be imminently hazardous—that is, if its use can cause an unreasonable risk of death or serious injury or illness—the manufacturer can be required to recall, repair, or replace the product or take other corrective action.
The Federal Trade Commission Act (FTC Act) was enacted in 1964, and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) was created in 1965.
F
Proof of actual deception is required in order for advertising to be deemed "false and deceptive" under Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act.
F
Section 1 of the Federal Trade Commission Act prohibits unfair and deceptive practices.
F
Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act prohibits unfair and deceptive practices.
For violation(s) of Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) may sue in state or federal court to obtain compensation on behalf of consumers.
T
Statements of opinion and "sales talk" do not constitute false and deceptive advertising under Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act.
T
Advertising is "false and deceptive" under Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act if it (1) contains misinformation or omits important information that is likely to mislead "a reasonable consumer" or (2) makes an unsubstantiated claim.
T
"Bait and switch" is not a type of deceptive advertising under Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act.
F
"Bait and switch" is a type of deceptive advertising under Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act.
To protect consumers from ill-advised decisions, many states have enacted state laws that give the consumer a certain number of days to rescind (cancel) a "door-to-door" sales contract. The customary legally-sanctioned period of time to cancel is thirty (30) days.
F
Telemarketers have three (3) months from the date on which a consumer signs up for the "Do-Not-Call" Registry to remove the customer's phone number from their sales call list.
T
Customer registration on the "Do-Not-Call" Registry remains valid for ten (10) years and is non-renewable.
F
Rules adopted by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) bar telemarketers from making pre-recorded calls to consumers who do not agree in writing to accept such messages.
T
In the context of food safety, what does it mean to say that food is "adulterated?"
The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act prohibits the shipment, distribution, or sale of adulterated food. Food is deemed adulterated if it consists in whole or in part of any "filthy, putrid, or decomposed substance" or if it is otherwise "unfit for food." Food does not have to be entirely pure to be distributed or sold; it only has to be unadulterated
Describe the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act.
In 1990, the United States Congress passed a sweeping truth-in-labeling law called the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act. This statute requires food manufacturers and processors to provide nutrition information on most foods and prohibits them from making scientifically unsubstantiated health claims. The law further requires the more than twenty thousand (20,000) food labels found on grocery store shelves to disclose the number of calories derived from fat and the amount of dietary fiber, saturated fat, cholesterol, and a variety of other substances
Describe the Medicinal Device Amendment to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
In 1976, the United States Congress enacted the Medicinal Device Amendment to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. This amendment gives the federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authority to regulate medicinal devices such as heart pacemakers, kidney dialysis machines, defibrillators, surgical equipment, and other diagnostic, therapeutic, and health devices. The mislabeling of such devices is prohibited. The FDA is empowered to remove "quack" devices from the market.
Describe the term "bait and switch."
"Bait and switch" is a type of deceptive advertising under Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act. It occurs when a seller advertises the availability of a low-cost discounted item (the "bait") to attract customers to its store. Once the customers are in the store, however, the seller pressures them to purchase more expensive merchandise (the "switch"). The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) states that a bait and switch occurs if the seller refuses to show consumers the advertised merchandise, discourages employees from selling the advertised merchandise, or fails to have adequate quantities of the merchandise available.