63 terms

Chapter 8 (Repiratory System) (S/P/Root)

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phren/o (2)
mind / diaphragm
trans-
across / through (prefix)
thorac/o
thorax / chest (root word)
de- (4)
down, from, reversing, removing
Respiration (def)
def: process of supplying oxygen to the blood and removing carbon dioxide
in-
in (prefix)
spir/o
to breathe (root word)
ex-
out (prefix)
nasal cavity
air first enters through nose or (oral cavity)
Respiratory System (8)
nasal cavity
oral cavity
pharynx
larynx
trachea
bronchus
bronchioles
alveoli
nas/o
nose (root word)
pleura (def)
def: membrane that surrounds the lungs
alveol/o
alveolus (root word)
bronch/o, bronchi/o
bronchus (bronchi = pl) (root word)
bronchiol/o
bronchiole (root word)
epiglott/o
epiglottis (root word)
laryng/o
larynx (voice box) (root word)
lob/o
lobe (root word)
pleur/o
pleura (root word)
pharyng/o
pharynx (throat) (root word)
pneum/o, pneumon/o, pulm/o, pulmon/o
lung (root word)
trache/o
trachea / windpipe (root word)
eu-
normal (prefix)
dys-
bad (prefix)
-pnea
breathing (suffix)
orth/o
straight (root word)
brady-
slow (prefix)
tachy-
fast (prefix)
hyper-
more than normal (prefix)
-metry
measurement (suffix)
hypoxia / anoxia (def)
deficiency in oxygen
ox/o
oxygen (root word)
hem/o
blood (root word)
medi/o
middle
-ary
pertaining to (suffix)
embol/o
embolus (root word)
effusion (def)
def: to escape
-rrhagia
hemorrage (suffix)
bronch/o
bronchus
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) - def
disorder characterized by insufficient respiration and hypoxemia
asthma (def)
def: spasm of th bronchial tubes or the swelling of their mucous membranes
atel/o
imperfect (prefix)
-ecstasis
dilation / stretching (suffix)
carcinoma of the lung (def)
lung cancer
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (def)
def: disease that decreases the lungs' ability to perform their ventilatory process
emphysema
increase in size and destruction of the alvioli resulting in the difficulty of breathing
influenza (def)
def: acute, contagious respiratory infection w/ sudden onset of shills, headache, fever and muscular discomfort
pleuritis (def)
def: inflammation of the pleura - usually characterized by a sharp pain upon inhalation
coni/o
dust (root word)
pneumoconiosis (def)
def: respiratory condition caused by the inhalation of dust
pulmonary embolism (def)
def: blockage of a pulmonary artery
severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) def
def: caused by a coronavirus / infectious respiratory disease
silicosis (def)
def: form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of stone, sand, quartz or flint that contains silica.
silic/o
silica (root word)
tuberculosis (TB) def
def: caused by Mycobacteium Tuberculosis
tubercles (def)
def: small, round nodules produced by the TB bacteria
decongestants (def)
def: eliminates or reduces swelling / congestion
Antitussives (def)
def: prevents or relives coughing
Anti-histamines (def)
def: used to treat colds /allergies
Bronchio-dialators (def)
def: agent that causes dilation of the bronchi (as in asthma)
mucolytics (def)
def: destroys / dissolves muscus
atel/o
imperfect (root word)
-ole
little (suffix)