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Ch. 6 Couple Typologies
List Fitzpatrick's 3 types of couples
Independent, separates, traditionals,
List Hochschild's 3 marital ideology role types
Traditional, transitional, egalitarian
List the three gender-organized couple types
Postgender, gender-legacy, traditional
A post-gender couple has
moved past gender roles within the relationship and the division of labor
A gender-legacy couple has...
gender roles as a default for the division of labor, though they do not consciously recognize it. (wife arranges schedule to be at home more, husband says wife is more "in-tune" with the kids)
A traditional (gender) couple has...
a conscious division of labor based on gender, roles are seen as different but equal
non-traditional, autonomous, share responsibilities, support flexible sex roles, and are more likely to face conflict
more likely to avoid conflict, have more need for space, share less, prefer regular schedules, and oppose flexible sex roles
conventional in their beliefs, resist change, have high interdependence and low autonomy, avoid conflict unless necessary, and prefer strong sex-typed roles
In a traditional couple
women view themselves as mothers and community members, men derive identity from work
In a transitional couple
husband's role is provider, wife sees herself as home manager and her work as supplemental
In an egalitarian couple
the husband and wife desire to share responsibilities and maximize both their career opportunities. Power is shared, partners support each other, and work to maintain balance between work and family