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Honors World Literature Final Exam
Terms in this set (118)
What does Mesopotamia literally mean? What are the two rivers?
"The land between the rivers"; Tigris and Euphrates
What is the name we give to Mesopotamia today?
What are the three ancient civilizations of this area? Which was the first?
Sumerians, Babylonians, Assyrians; Sumerians
Who was responsible for the first great legal code? From which civilization did he come? Upon what premise was his principle based?
Hammurabi of the Babylonians; based on justice "an eye for and eye"
7th century BC Assyrian king responsible for first great library of the ancient world (clay tablets)
What did Herodotus call Egypt? Why?
"Gift of the Nile" because the kingdom only survived because the Nile flooded
What was the Egyptian pyramid a symbol of?
Slaves, Middle Class (merchants and artisans), Priests/Nobles, Pharoh
Who was Osiris?
God of the Nile, Lord of the Egyptian Underworld
What was the Egyptian Book of the Dead?
Egyptian hymns, poems, and spells
What are the three periods of ancient Egypt?
Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom
What set the Hebrew apart from the ancient Mesopotamians and the Egyptians?
1st ancient monotheistic civilization
The laws that God gave the Hebrews were called
How would you characterize Gilgamesh? Why would he be the hero of an epic?
Wise, knew everything, perfect body, confident; he is arrogant but changes with super powers and positive attributes
Cautious, laid back, down to earth
How do Gilgamesh and Enkidu complement each other?
One brings to the table what the other lacks
Who is Shamash and whose side is he on?
Sun God; he is on Gilgamesh's side and helps kill Humbaba
Who is Enlil? What does he do after the heroes kill Humbaba?
He is unkind and enrages at them after they killed him
Who is Ishtar? Why does she send the Bull of Heaven?
Patroness of Uruk; to punish Gilgamesh for rejecting her
What did Gilgamesh gain from the Quest? What did he bring back with him when he returned to Uruk?
Has a new appreciation for Uruk
Determined, righteous, immortal, intelligent, methodical, detail-oriented
Who sends the Flood? Why?
Envió; he couldn't handle the uproar of mankind and couldn't get any sleep
Who warns Utnapishtim to build a boat?
What is Ishtar's reaction (to the Flood)?
She is very angry with Enlil
How does Enlil change?
He blesses Ut at the end of the story
The earliest system of writing used wedge-shaped signs to communicate ideas. This was
known as: a. phonics b. ziggurat c. cuneiform d. hieroglyphics
The _______________ developed a system of numeration based on sixty.
a. Egyptians b. Hebrews c. Greeks d. Sumerians
_________________ had the first written legal code covering 282 aspects of daily life.
The word Mesopotamia comes rom the Greek and means
a. ''people rom beyond the water''
b. ''land between two rivers''
c. ''house rom the reeds''
d. ''endless burning sand''
b. "Land between two rivers
Who assembled the first great library of the ancient world?
ancient Egyptian writing system using picture symbols for ideas or sounds
As ancient Egypt developed, its literature became increasingly more
expressive and personal feeling
What was the Epic of Gilgamesh inscribed on?
Enkidu's death chiefly makes Gilgamesh aware of...
His own mortality
What does the underwater plant in Gilgamesh do?
Restore lost youth
Who was Ma'at?
Goddess of law, truth, and justice
What is the source of the speaker's illness in "I Think I'll Go Home and Lie Very Still"?
In "The Voice of the Swallow, Flittering, Calls to me" the speaker tells of her
Love and devotion to her lover
The mood of the poem "Your Love, Dear Man, is as Lovely to Me" is
Peaceful and calming
In ancient Egyptian mythology, the violent brother of the God of Osiris is
Osiris's violent brother lives in
The rain forest
Isis demonstrates the of metamorphosis when she turns herself into a
Osiris's brother attacks him first by doing what?
Locking him into a Chest and throwing him into the sea
The second time Osiris is attacked, he is
Chopped into pieces and scattered all over the land
Who is Osiris and Isis's son?
Ruth's refusal to leave Naomi can Best be described as
Loyal and self sacrificing
Why did Naomi return to Bethlehem-Judah
She heard the famine was ended
Naomi sus her name is Mara because?
She feels bitterness towards God
The scrolls were representing the Old Testament except for
Imitations of Immortality
Persia is currently known as
a monotheistic pre-Islamic religion of ancient Persia founded by Zoroaster in the 6th century BC.
Who were Cyrus the Great and Darius I?
How long did the Persian Empire last?
Who was Muhammad?
The prophet and founder of Islam
Where and when did Islam originate?
Mecca in the 7th century
What does the word Islam literally mean?
According to the Koran, it is the duty of all Moslems to...
Five Pillars of Islam
Profession of faith to the one God Allah and Muhammad as his prophet, Prayer five times a day to Allah facing Mecca, Fasting for the month of Ramadan from sunrise to sunset, almsgiving to the poor, Pilgrimage(Hajj once in their life)
How did Muhammad's message appeal to the poor and downtrodden?
not an elitist society
What was the official language of Islam?
odes/ poems in Arabic
chapters of the Qur'an(114)
Persian national epic
religious sect of islam with mystical connection with Allah
"Rose Garden" by Sadi
The two languages of Muslims are
Persian and Arabic
He extended the boundaries of the Persian Empire by Conquering Egypt, Afghanistan, and Northern India
The Persian empire lasted for about __________ centuries.
The Persian Empire fell to the forces of __________ in 331 B.C.
Alexander the Great
The underlying philosophy of Zoroastrianism is one of...
The final revelation of Allah, the __________, is the sacred scripture of all Muslims.
The central message of the Koran is that:
there is a single, unique God who is the creator of all things
Muhammad's advisors were known as...
The __________________________, a collection of Folktales, is the most famous work of Arabic prose in the Western World.
Thousand and One Nights
The form of literature for which Persia is best known is...
The followers of _________ were Muslims who had withdrawn from society to live solitary lives of worship and piety.
Which of the following is a theme of the selection from "Rustam and Suhrab"?
Good versus evil
The poems from the Rubaiyat demonstrate the authors belief that:
life is brief but pleasurable
___________ was not known to his contemporaries as a poet, but as a scientist and mathematician.
Omar Khayyam's poems are written in a literary form known as the
The Rubaiyat was translated in the 19th century by
The fables from The Gulistan illustrate how:
stories can be used to teach moral lessons
Which generalization summarizes the advice given to kings in the selections from "The Manner of Kings"?
justice and mercy are the keys to maintaining power
The philosopher's remedy for the slave who had never before experienced the sea is based in the idea that:
people do not appreciate their well-being until they have experienced trouble
Which of the following is a central idea in "The Fisherman and the Jinnee"?
Allah avenges innocent deaths
"The Fisherman and the Jinnee" is typical of folktales because:
it gives an idealized view of life
How are the jinnee and King Yunan alike?
Both seek to punish an innocent person
What is the theme of "The Tale of King Sinbad and the Falcon"?
Those who act rashly will be sorry later
A primary purpose of folktales is to:
states general truths about life
Human beings are described in selections from The Koran as being by nature:
obedient and submissive
What central Islamic concept is repeated in the Surahs from the Koran?
God rules the world with mercy and compassion
Which of the following statements best describes the traditional Islamic view of The Koran?
It is the actual word of God as revealed to Mohammed
The stories from The Gulistan are considered didactic because
they are fables
The Rig Veda is best identified as what?
a book of ancient hymns
_______________ was viewed as the most perfect of all languages.
Buddhist term that describes the state of being in which the desire for earthly things has been quenched
the totality a person's deeds
The Hinduism comes from the Sanskrit word Sindhi which means
The title Buddha is Sanskrit for
worlds Longest epic
renounced earthly pleasures and devoted themselves to protecting all forms of life
_______________ was founded by Siddhartha Guatama, an Indian prince
The dominant religion of India is _________.
The traditional way of studying a subject in India was to _______________ it.
The followers' of ____________ belief in a single god set them apart
In the story of "Sibi", Sibi suffers in order to protect what animal that has come to him for protection?
In "Sibi" the hawk turns out to be
the god Krishna
A central idea of "Sibi" is that
each person has a specific dharma that he/she must fulfill
In the tale of "Sibi", the king's flesh turns into
The greatest Indian poet was
"Numskull and the Rabbit" is take from a collection of
fables to teach princes how to rule
A central idea in "Numskull and the Rabbit" is that
a king who is wise natures his subjects as a gardener tends his flowers
The tale of "Numskull and the Rabbit" can be found in the literary work entitled the
Numskull's worst enemy is
The authors of the Vedic hymns were concerned with
material well being
The authors of the Upanishads are concerned with
In the Gita, who is the wise one to whom Arjuna turns for help?
Arjuna's advisor tells him he must become like the illuminated seer which he compares to the
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