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Psychology final - questions
Terms in this set (20)
Dr. Matta discussed with his client slips of the tongue and the content of his client's dreams to determine what his client was truly feeling. Dr. Matta subscribes to the _________ perspective in psychology.
Dr. Park is studying how people take in information, transform it, store it, and retrieve it. She is investigating
a. information processing
b. classical conditioning
c. intrapsychic conflict
People will strive to reach their full potential if they are given the opportunity according to the
a. behavioral perspective.
b. psychodynamic perspective.
c. humanistic perspective.
d. cognitive perspective.
Dr. Compulsa was a meticulous researcher. In order to make sure that her assistants did not give any hints regarding which participants were in which treatment groups and to make sure her participants did not know which group they were in, she employed a
a. placebo effect.
b. double blind procedure.
c. single blind procedure.
d. computer simulated study.
Dr. Harris discovers that there is a -.89 correlation between stress and sexual performance. This demonstrates
a. a weak correlation.
b. no correlation.
c. None of these
d. a strong correlation.
The only way psychologists can establish cause-and-effect relationships through research is by carrying out a(an)
correct experiment that demonstrates the effect of the independent variable on the dependent variable.
a. case study that focuses intensively on individual behavior.
b. survey study that asks people to explain why they behave the way they do.
c. observational study that records the actual behavior of real people in real-life situations.
d. experiment that demonstrates the effect of the independent variable on the dependent variable.
Dr. Calvo wanted to investigate students' problem-solving abilities. He designed a study in which he presented an easy problem, a moderately difficult problem, and a very difficult problem. He measured how long it took students to complete each problem. He hypothesized that students would take less time to solve the easier problem and more time to solve the moderately difficult problem and even more time to solve the very difficult problem. The level of problem difficulty is
a. the independent variable.
b. the control condition.
c. the dependent variable.
d. an operational definition.
"The whole is greater than the sum of its parts" would be said by a psychologist from which psychological perspective?
b. Gestalt psychology
The formal beginning of psychology is associated with
Theories and hypotheses allow psychologists to
a. All of these
b. make sense of unorganized, separate observations and bits of information.
c. place pieces within a structured and coherent framework.
d. pose appropriate questions.
a. All of these
b. provides a key to understanding the degree to which hypotheses are accurate.
c. is the central ingredient of the scientific method in psychology.
d. is a systematic inquiry aimed at discovery of new knowledge.
Dr. Morris focuses on higher mental processes, such as thinking, reasoning problem solving, and decision-making. She is a(n) ___________ psychologist.
Dr. Delia expected that runners who drank her nutrition drink would be faster in the 100-meter dash than those sprinters who did not. When she timed the racers, she would stop the watch when she anticipated that one of her nutrition racers was about to cross the line. When one of the non-nutrition racers crossed the line, she waited until he or she completely crossed the line before stopping the watch. Dr. Delia unintentionally created __________ in her study.
a. participant expectations
b. experimenter debriefings
c. a placebo effect
d. experimental bias
"Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes." This means that psychologists are interested in
a. measuring people's thoughts, feelings, perceptions, reasoning processes, memories, and biological activities.
b. changing the behavior of mental patients.
c.. studying the observable behavior of the average person.
d. describing, predicting, and explaining behavior and d. mental processes.
_____________ neurons transmit information from the perimeter of the body to the central nervous system.
Mack watched a doctor take out a tiny hammer and then whack him in the knee. Mack did not think, "He's gonna whack me with that hammer and I'm gonna kick him." Rather, the doctor whacked him and Mack kicked without thinking. This was an autonomic, involuntary response known as a
b. spinal tap.
c. spontaneous assault.
A myelin sheath
a. decreases the velocity with which the electrical impulses that carry messages travel. through the axons.
b. fires neurons.
c. cannot prevent messages from short-circuiting one another.
d. is similar to a casing on a sausage.
The space between two neurons is called a(n)
a. resting potential.
b. myelin sheath.
d. action potential.
_________ make it more likely that a receiving neuron will fire, while _________ prevent or decrease the likelihood that a receiving neuron will fire.
a. None of these answers are correct.
b. Myelinated neurons; nonmyelinated neurons
c. Serotonin neurotransmitters; dopamine neurotransmitters
d. Excitatory messages; inhibitory messages
A distinctive feature of a neuron is its
a. ability to nourish, insulate, help repair damage, and generally support neural functioning.
b. ability to maintain homeostasis and regulate vital behavior.
c. distinctive shape, which looks like twisted tree branches.
d. ability to communicate with other cells and transmit information across relatively long distances.
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