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Cliff's Notes Sample Test Qs; Descr.; Elements

>> Sample Test Questions <<

Sample Test Questions

Historically, the traditional shape of a folk dance was based upon the:
-- triangle
-- square
-- circle
-- figure eight


Why was the circle used for folk dance?

Circle fostered community spirit
increased dancer interaction

Was the circle used universally?

> Circle is a universal symbol for
ancient sacred cultural dances
from around the world

Is folk dance a form of cultural dance?


What do folk dances pass on?

Important historical and cultural importance from ancient civilizations. Really, that's what it says.

What is postmodern dance?

The creation of movement outside traditional modern dance

Ballet can be dramatic or non-dramatic. In comparison to a dramatic ballet, a nondramatic ballet emphasizes:
-- dancing that is based on classical Greek models
-- dancing w/out telling a story
-- poetic and lyrical styles
-- fewer technical conventions than traditional ballet

Nondramatic ballet emphasizes
dance that does not tell a story

What is the central focus of nondramatic ballet?

Dance movement,
> including its expressive qualities

Dramatic (theatrical) ballet often follows what kind of model?

Classical models based on:
> common themes
> precise choreography
> a narrative

Which style of ballet allows for
different styles that may emphasize
musical lyrical qualities?

Both dramatic and nondramatic

Square dance & third grade:
-- is it a:
> simple dance
> requiring few movements,
> that's easy to learn, and
> doesn't require partners?

No: requires partners; rest is true

Square dance & third grade:
-- is it a good choice because it allows the students to improvise?

> square dance is structured and
> does not allow improvisation

Square dance & third grade:
-- is it a good choice b/c most students are already familiar with this type of dancing?

> Cannot assume 3rd graders know square dancing

Square dance & third grade:
-- is it a good choice b/c it is
structured, requiring concentration and teamwork?

> But this was simply the best choice; the other three choices that had false statements in them, n.b.

Why is it fair to say that square dance requires teamwork?

B/c at least 8 people are involved

What element, besides executing the steps, requires concentration on the part of the dancers?

Responding to the caller requires concentration to properly follow the caller's directions.

6 Characteristics of the flamenco dance?

1. Originated with the Andalusian Gypsies in Spain
2. Forceful rhythms
3. Hand clapping
4. Rapid foot movements
5. Use of castanets
6. Colorful costumes

Another popular form of the flamenco that originated in Cuba and Latin America is called:

Rumba flamenco

Maypole dances were originally associated with:

Fertility and rebirth:
> fertility rituals

What cultures originated maypole dances?

Primitive ones

Maypole dances are a link between folk dance and:

Stone Age dance rituals

In primitive cultures
a pole was placed in the ground and
consecrated during a religious ceremony.
What did the pole symbolize?

* Spring and
* Rebirth associated with the changing seasons

Describe a maypole dance.

* Individuals dance around the maypole
* Often holding long ribbons
* Ribbons are tied to the top of the pole

In which cultures can the maypole theme be found?

Maypole dancing is a recurring theme in
> most Western Cultures

What should informed judgements of dance be based on?

* Elements
* Principles
* Concepts of the art form

Dance is the art of:

Movement and expression

>> Dance Elements <<

Dance Elements

What are dance elements?

Sensory components used to
create and talk about dance

Can children transform images, thoughts, & feelings into a series of sequential moves to reveal personal, social, and cultural significance?

According to Cliff's Notes, they can indeed

T/F: Dance helps children
organize physiological energy
within space and time
to communicate
an artistic form of expression
from internalized structures
of their surrounding world.

True. I simply can't make this stuff up!

Does dance provide adolescents with opportunities to express their creative, physiological, and technical abilities?


When does dance provide adolescents the best opportunity to express themselves?

When students practice and refine skills in:
> arranging
> performing &
> interpreting movement skills

4 Elements of dance movements

1. Space
2. Time
3. Levels (dynamics)
4. Force (energy)

Elements should be found in which parts of dance instruction?

> warm-up
> skill building
> expression via classroom dance activities

Do all dance performances engage, in some aspect, one of the movement elements?


Emphasis* of movement elements should be based on which 3 criteria?

* special stress given to an element to make it stand out

* Experience
* Performance level
* Creative expression

Dance activities should begin with warm-up exercises and:

Body awareness exercises

Warm-up exercises should address
these 5 skills/abilities:

* Posture
* Balance
* Flexibility
* Strength
* Coordination

Movements involved in the space element of dance are:

* Locomotor
* Nonlocomotor
* Combined Locomotor

Define locomotor movements

Those that move a person through space

What are the 8 basic steps?

Walking -- Running
Leaping -- Jumping
Hopping -- Galloping
Skipping -- Sliding (chasse)

Define nonlocomotor movements

Staying in one place, "on spot"

Name 6 examples of combined locomotor movements

Two-step -- Paddle (tap)
Grapevine -- Step-hop
Chug -- Spin

Traditional folk steps are often:
-- locomotor
-- nonlocomotor
-- combined locomotor

Combined locomotor

When thinking about space teachers should also be aware of:

Space between dancers

6 Concepts regarding the time element of dance

1. Rhythm
2. Tempo
3. Beat
4. Meter
5. Syncopation
6. Rhapsodic Rhythms

Rhythm refers to:

Countable patterns

Tempo refers to:

Speed: fast or slow

Beat indicates:

Even or uneven beat

Meter describes:

Number of beats grouped together
e.g. 3/4 or 2/4 or 6/8

Syncopation refers to:

* Rhythmic pattern produced when a deliberate pattern is upset
* Rhythm produced when beats are displaced such that strong beats become weak and vice versa

Rhapsodic Rhythms refers to:

Non-metric rhythms
e.g. breath, water, or wind

What are the 6 kinds of Levels?

1. Direction
2. Form and Shape
3. Level
4. Range
5. Pathway
6. Focus

Regarding the dance element Levels,
what does Direction refer to?

* Forward/Backward
* Up/Down
* Sideways (horizontal or vertical)
* Diagonal
* Straight
* Circle
* Out/In
* Zigzag
* Spiral

Regarding the dance element Levels,
what does Form and Shape refer to?

* Hint: body position

* Angular/Rounded
* Twisted
* Bent
* Crooked
* Symmetrical/Asymmetrical

Regarding the dance element Levels,
what does Level refer to?

High -- Medium -- Low

* Might refer to a dancer's head

Regarding the dance element Levels,
what does Range (of movement) refer to?

* Wide/Narrow
* Big/Little

Regarding the dance element Levels,
what are Pathway* characteristics?

* I.e.: A line along which a person or part of a person moves.

Patterns on/in the
* Floor
* Elevated or Air

Regarding the dance element Levels,
what does Focus refer to?

* Gaze
* Floor
* Away

Regarding the dance element Force,
what are its characteristics?

* Quality of Energy
* Degree of Energy

Regarding the dance element Force,
what are the characteristics of Quality of Energy?

* Think: nature of movement's energy

Whether the energy is:
> Sustained (smooth)
> Suspended (light)
> Swing (under-curve)
> Sway (over-curve)
> Collapsed (loose)
> Percussive (sharp)
> Vibrate (shudder)

Regarding the dance element Force,
what are the characteristics of Degree of Energy?

* Strong/Weak
* Heavy/Light
* Dynamic/Static
* Flowing/Tense

Framework for Dance Activity Instruction
1. Set age-appropriate:


Framework for Dance Activity Instruction
2. Determine physical ________ and _______ that are gender-specific or special

* abilities
* needs

Framework for Dance Activity Instruction
3. Begin with _________ and
end with ________


Warm-up and cool-down should include:

Steps to be used in the dance activity

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