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24 terms

Greek/Roman Art, Architecture, and Literature

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Acropolis
center of the Athenian city-state; home to the Parthenon built for Athena
Golden Mean
"Nothing in excess, and everything in proportion"; Greek inspiration for architecture
Greek Vases
best-preserved Greek paintings; illustrated scenes from daily life and mythology
Phidias
Sculpted Athena and the statue of Zeus at Temple of Olympia (One of the Seven Wonders of the World)
Myron
Sculpted The Discus Thrower
Greek Sculpture
Demonstrated Greek admiration for the beauty of human body
philosophy
the study of fundamental questions of reality and human existence
Socrates
Famous Greek Philosopher who asked questions of everyone, not to receive information but to make people think in order to answer the questions
Plato
Philosopher and author of The Republic; documented Socrates' ideas
Aristotle
Philosopher and political writer; believed in division of levels of government
Herodotus
Father of History; distinguished between things he'd personally seen, investigated, or had been told
Thucydides
Famous for his History of the Peloponnesian War; believed that studying the past gave understanding to human nature
Sophocles
Tragedy writer who defended traditional values; famous for Oedipus the Tyrant
Euripides
Realist writer; questioned old beliefs and ideas; exposed pain and misery in war in The Trojan Women
aqueducts
bridge-like structures that carried water from the mountains to the cities
roman engineering
constructed roads, bridges, aqueducts, amphitheaters, and public buildings
concrete
Roman architects used this to create public buildings; more cost efficient and easier to engineer
Cicero
Famous Roman orator noted for his political works
Virgil
Greatest Roman poet; Wrote the Epic poem Aeneid, sequel to the Iliad
Horace
Great Roman author to wrote of human emotions in satires and letters
Tacitus
Great Roman historian; wrote about criticisms of Rome after Augustus
Homer
Blind Greek poet; author of the Odyssey and the Iliad
Hesiod
Greek poet; works focus on Greek mythology, farming, and astrology
epics
long poems describing heros and great events