center of the Athenian city-state; home to the Parthenon built for Athena
"Nothing in excess, and everything in proportion"; Greek inspiration for architecture
best-preserved Greek paintings; illustrated scenes from daily life and mythology
Sculpted Athena and the statue of Zeus at Temple of Olympia (One of the Seven Wonders of the World)
Sculpted The Discus Thrower
Demonstrated Greek admiration for the beauty of human body
the study of fundamental questions of reality and human existence
Famous Greek Philosopher who asked questions of everyone, not to receive information but to make people think in order to answer the questions
Philosopher and author of The Republic; documented Socrates' ideas
Philosopher and political writer; believed in division of levels of government
Father of History; distinguished between things he'd personally seen, investigated, or had been told
Famous for his History of the Peloponnesian War; believed that studying the past gave understanding to human nature
Tragedy writer who defended traditional values; famous for Oedipus the Tyrant
Realist writer; questioned old beliefs and ideas; exposed pain and misery in war in The Trojan Women
bridge-like structures that carried water from the mountains to the cities
constructed roads, bridges, aqueducts, amphitheaters, and public buildings
Roman architects used this to create public buildings; more cost efficient and easier to engineer
Famous Roman orator noted for his political works
Greatest Roman poet; Wrote the Epic poem Aeneid, sequel to the Iliad
Great Roman author to wrote of human emotions in satires and letters
Great Roman historian; wrote about criticisms of Rome after Augustus
Blind Greek poet; author of the Odyssey and the Iliad
Greek poet; works focus on Greek mythology, farming, and astrology
long poems describing heros and great events
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