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center of the Athenian city-state; home to the Parthenon built for Athena

Golden Mean

"Nothing in excess, and everything in proportion"; Greek inspiration for architecture

Greek Vases

best-preserved Greek paintings; illustrated scenes from daily life and mythology


Sculpted Athena and the statue of Zeus at Temple of Olympia (One of the Seven Wonders of the World)


Sculpted The Discus Thrower

Greek Sculpture

Demonstrated Greek admiration for the beauty of human body


the study of fundamental questions of reality and human existence


Famous Greek Philosopher who asked questions of everyone, not to receive information but to make people think in order to answer the questions


Philosopher and author of The Republic; documented Socrates' ideas


Philosopher and political writer; believed in division of levels of government


Father of History; distinguished between things he'd personally seen, investigated, or had been told


Famous for his History of the Peloponnesian War; believed that studying the past gave understanding to human nature


Tragedy writer who defended traditional values; famous for Oedipus the Tyrant


Realist writer; questioned old beliefs and ideas; exposed pain and misery in war in The Trojan Women


bridge-like structures that carried water from the mountains to the cities

roman engineering

constructed roads, bridges, aqueducts, amphitheaters, and public buildings


Roman architects used this to create public buildings; more cost efficient and easier to engineer


Famous Roman orator noted for his political works


Greatest Roman poet; Wrote the Epic poem Aeneid, sequel to the Iliad


Great Roman author to wrote of human emotions in satires and letters


Great Roman historian; wrote about criticisms of Rome after Augustus


Blind Greek poet; author of the Odyssey and the Iliad


Greek poet; works focus on Greek mythology, farming, and astrology


long poems describing heros and great events

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