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Politics of the United States
Civics test judicial branch
Terms in this set (13)
Identify one way the judicial branch checks and balances the legislative branch
Declaring laws the branch comes up with to be unconstitutional
Identify one way the judicial branch checks and balances the executive branch
Declaring presidential acts unconstitutional, called judicial review
Identify the requirements needed to become a judge
There are no requirements to become a judge.
Idenitfy the term length of a federal judge
There is no term length, judges keep their positions until they retire, resign, or pass away
Idenitfy and explain the two types of cases presented in the courts (Civil)
Civil cases are when a person brings a case against another person who has wronged them or caused loss or damage to them
Identify and explain the two types of cases presented in the courts (Criminal)
Criminal cases are when the government, either state or federal, brings a case against a person who has committed a crime.
Compare and contrast the District Court:
District courts are the lowest level of court. There are 94 districts throughout the USA, and they have original jurisdiction
Compare and contrast the Circuit Court of Appeals:
The Circuit Court of Appeals is the intermediate level court. There are 13 circuits in the USA. This court hears only appellate cases.
Compare and contrast the Supreme Court:
The Supreme Court is the highest level court. The supreme court hears both original and appellate cases, but has limited original jurisdiction. There is only one supreme court, and there are 9 justices.
Review Precedent scenarios to see when they apply:
Precedents apply when a case that is identical or similar to a case that created a precedent happen. They are only applied to courts that fall under the higher courts (who made the precedent) jurisdiction.
Identify and explain the two powers of the judicial branch and provide examples (Enumerated)
An enumerated power of the judicial branch would be the power to hear both criminal and civil cases and apply law to determine the outcome of cases.
Identify and explain the two powers of the judicial branch and provide examples (Implied)
Judicial review; the ability to review any type of law or court ruling to determine if it is constitutional.
Explain the two limitations of the court
One limitation is the ¨innocent until proven guilty¨ rule, people cannot be treated as guilty until reasonable evidence to prove them guilty is discovered. Another limitation is that the courts cannot seek out legal cases on their own, the cases must be brought to them.
Sets with similar terms
Chapter 8- Judicial Branch notes
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