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History Exam Study Guide
Terms in this set (147)
Utopia, the title of a book by Thomas More, has come to mean an ideal place. True or False
The Act of Supremacy, in England, was passed during the reign of Henry VIII. True or False
In England, the king/queen was declared to be the head of the Lutheran Church. True or False
Portugal explored the African coast to find an all-water route to Asia.
The colony of Plymouth was the first permanent English settlement establishes in the Americans.
France lost their North American holding to the English because they were defeated in King Philips War.
B; French and Indian War
Mestizos are the descendants of French colonist and Native Americans
The global transfer of food, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas in known as the Columbian Exchange
Francisco Pizarro and his army defeated the Inca by killing a largely unarmed group and then kidnapping and murdering their king.
The group known as the Puritans founded the colony know as Massachusetts Bay.
King Philip II and the Portuguese Armada was defeated in 1588 by stormy weather and the English navy.
B; False, Spanish
In his novel, Don Quixote de la Mancha, Miguel de Cervantes wrote about a poor Spanish nobleman who chases after windmills.
In 1807, Robert Fulton's built the first steamboat in the U.S. called The Clermont for the city of New Orleans to be used on the Mississippi River
What was the Renaissance a rebirth of?
B;art and learning form the "Classics"
The study of classical texts caused humanists to focus on what subject?
A;Human potential and achievements
For what is the Medici family famous?
C;Supporters of the arts
What was the first full-sized book Gutenberg printed?
In what way did Leonardo da Vinci represent the "ideal" Renaissance Man?
A;He was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist
Luther protested the practice of selling indulgences, What was that practice?
B;The clergy sold pardons that released people from preforming penalties for their sins
What was one of John Calvin's major teachings?
Who was the important Catholic Reformer who founded the Jesuit order?
C;Ignatius of Loyola
How did Italy's location help it become the birthplace of the Renaissance?
C;Italy had access to Roman ruins and ancient manuscripts from Constantinople
What was the main reason for Henry VIII's split with the Roman Catholic Church?
B;His desire for male heir
Which of the following was agreed upon at the Council of Trent?
A;The Church's interpretation of the Bible was final and would not be changed
Which of the followers of John Knox became known as...
Only the baptism of adults was valid to the...
Why did Shah Jahan order the building of the Taj Mahal?
C; In memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal
Which European country was the leader in developing and applying 15th century sailing innovations?
Why was the caravel an important development in navigation?
A;It was able to sail against the wind
Who captained the first European ship to sail around the trip of Africa, known as the Cape of Good Hope?
What were Europeans' main motives for making voyages of exploration?
B;To grow wealthy and spread Christianity
How did Price Henry of Portugal influence exploration?
B;He founded a navigation school on the coast of Portugal
What was the purpose of the treaty of Tordesillas signed by Portugal and Spain
B;to declare conflict over the claiming of new lands
The Line of Demarcation established a boundary between which two region?
A;Portugal and Spain
What was the main economic activity in New France?
Who conquered the Aztec empire?
Why did Europeans see Africans as a better source of labor than Native Americans?
C; Africans were strangers in the Americas, so they wouldn't have allies or places to hide
Where in the Americas did Christopher Columbus land first?
A;an island in the Caribbean Sea
What did the encomienda system provide for New Spain?
D;a cheap labor source
Which current U.S. State was originally founded as a settlement by the Butch called New Netherlands?
Why did the English want to take control of New Netherlands?
C;New Netherland separated England's northern and southern colonies
According to the policy of mercantilism, how could a nation increase its wealth?
C; It should sell more goods than it buys from other countries.
What concept was the belief in "divine right" used to support?
Who took power in England following the Glorious Revolution?
D;William and Mary
What king became France's most powerful ruler called himself "Sun King" and boasted "I am the state"?
Why did Peter the Great build the city of St. Petersburg?
B; He wanted a city on a seaport that would make it easier to travel to the West.
What was the Edict of Nantes issued in an effort to do?
D; bring an end to violent religious conflicts in France
What political purpose did the splendid palace at Versailles serve?
B; to show the power of Louis XIV and arouse the envy of the other monarchs
What did Frederick the Great believe a ruler should be?
A;a father to his people
Machiavelli, author of The Prince, influenced political activity because he believed...
C;politics should not be influencd by moral principles
What was the Thirty Years' War a conflict over?
D; religion, territory, and power among European ruling families
What was the significance of the English Bill of Rights?
C;It made clear the limits of royal power
What was one reason Ivan IV was called Ivan the Terrible?
B;He organized a police force that murdered people he considered traitors
How did the Puritans finally win the English Civil War?
A;Cromwell's army defeated the Royalists, and the Puritans held the king prisoner
Frederick II came to power as the...
A;King of Prussia
In Europe, the Seven Years' War resulted in
A;no exchange of territories in Europe.
The first Russian ruler to adopt the title czar, meaning "caesar, "was...
B;Ivan the Terrible
In Russia, the boyars were..
D; landowning nobles
The heliocentric, or sun-centered, theory was proposed by
B; Nicolaus Copernicus
Francis Bacon helped to develop
C;the scientific method
Isaac Newton explained the
A;law of universal gravitation
The idea of a direct democracy is explained in
D;On the Spirit of Law
The Declaration of Independence was written by...
The Beheading of St. John the Bapstist by Caravaggio and the Throne of St. Peter by Bernini are both examples of this type of art created at the end of the 16th century in Italy.
What was Montesquieu's influence on the U.S. Constitution?
B;branches of government
Which of the following did the Enlightenment promote?
D;all of the above
What did the American colonists protest as "taxation without representation"?
C;the Stamp Act
Which of the following is NOT one of the 5 natural rights that the Enlightenment philosophers believed in?
D;right to assemble, right to hold property, & the right to happiness
What is the universal law of gravitation?
A;a falling object accelerates at a fixed and predictable rate
What happened on July 14, Bastille Day?
C;A mob stormed a prison looking for gunpowder.
Which goal was NOT stated in the "slogan of the Revolution"?
Which document stated that "men are born and remain free and equal in rights"?
B;The Declaration of the Rights of Man
What was Napoleon able to accomplish during peacetime?
D;All the above are true
Which of the following was an important goal of the Congress of Vienna?
C;to establish a balance of power in Europe
Who was the most influential leader at the Congress of Vienna?
D;Klemens von Metternich of Austria
Which group in France most strongly embraced the ideals & principles of the Enlightenment?
What issue led to the first meeting of the Estates-General in 175 years?
A;Proposed taxation of the 2nd estate
Which group imposed the Reign of Terror?
A;Committee of Public Safety
Which of the following was NOT a reason for Napoleon to sell the Louisiana Territory?
C;to punish the sugar growers in Saint Domingue
Which of the following is an accurate description of the tax system in France in the years preceding the French Revolution?
D;The members of the Third Estate paid almost all of the taxes
What strategy did Czar Alexander I use to defeat Napoleon in Russia?
The independence movement in Latin America was spearheaded by
He belived that individuals should be free to pursure their own economic self interest and wrote the book The Wealth of Nations in 1776.
C; Adam smith
How did the conculsion of the War of the Austrian Succession & its Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle set the...
D;Charles VI died without a male heir, so his daughter succeeded him as a queen
Under Robespierre, the Convention pursued a policy of de-Christianization because its members believed that
B;religion encouraged superstition, rather than the use of reason
The Peace of Augsburg ended a war between the supporters of which two groups?
B;Catholic and Protestant German princes
of the following, which was NOT stated in the Edict of Worms?
D; no one give him food and shelter
The Reign of Terror set up a revolutionary court system to prosecute...
A; Austrian prisoners
Which of the following was NOT a goal &/or belief of the Christian Humanism?
The Catholic Reformation revitalized the Catholic Church by...
D; discrediting the Protest movement
Napoleon's empire collapsed because of
D;France's weak economy and the drain of Napoleon's many wars
A key characteristic of nationalism is
A shared culture
The period of European history known as the Renaissance roughly covers the time from
C. 1300 to 1600.
Which of the following has the correct Renaissance artist paired with their work of art?
D;Michelangelo- Sistine chapel ceiling
Which of the following did the Restoration "restore" to power in England?
A;the monarchy, as an institution
What was the route that bought the slaves to the Americas called?
B; Middle Passage
The Triangular Trade had three stages. Pick the choice below that has all three in the correct order
B; First, manufactured goods leave Europe & sail to Africa- Second from Africa saves would then be transferred to the Americans-Third, return back to Europe from the Americas with raw materials to be turned into manufactured goods.
What defining feature of the Renaissance time period is MOST apparent in this document source?
Analyze the similar causes and ideals be hind the American Revolution and the French Revolution. Which of the following answer choices summarizes these ideals from both revolution?
What phrase in the quote provided above from the Principia Mathematica BEST demonstrates the overreaching ideals of the scientific revolution and its influence on the Enlightenment?
Which of the following was a major reason for the Reformation?
Why does the American Revolution begin?
The social change brought about about by the Industrial Revolution was evident in the
Which of the following was NOT the reason for the Industrial Revolution first taking place in England?
Which of the following is NOT an accurate statement about working conditions in the industrialized cities.
This was the main cause cause of the Franco-Prussian War.
The social and political system in use in France in the 1770s, called the ______, has been in place since the Middle Ages.
A financial crisis, brought on in part by excessive spending and huge gambling losses by_______, resulted in forcing Louis XVI to call the _____ into session for the first time in 175 years.
A;Marie Antoinette; Estates-General
When Third Estate delegates were forced to find a new meeting place, they made a pledge, called the ___, to continue their meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution.
Tennis Court Oath
Expecting trouble, ___ called up mercenary troops. This action caused a rebellion that fueled a widespread emotional reaction called the ___.
A; Louis XVI - The Great Fear
After suffering defeat at the hands of king Frederick William III of Prussia and _____ of Russia, Napolian was exiled to the island of ____.
After escaping from exile, Napoleon gathered volunteers from the French countryside and seized power from ___.
King Louis XVIII
Napoleon's last bid for power, called______, ended with his defeat at the_______.
Jacobins hated the monarchy and wanted death for all who supported the king.______ was stabbed to death while taking a bath and_________ was the leader of the Committee for Public Safety and then was killed by guillotine
When________ won its independence from ________ they became the first Latin American colony to break free from a European nation.
This cartoon is giving an example an example of what French Revolution event?
A;Fall of the Bastille
Who was the last of Henry VIII's children to rule England?
Who gave birth to Henry VIII's only male heir, then died during child birth?
Whom did Henry VIII want to divorce & caused him to break away from the Roman Catholic Church?
D;Catherine of Aragon
Who was the first of Henry VIII's children to rule England?
Who was beheaded after being unable to produce a male heir for Henry VIII?
Minister of finance under Louis XIV; his policies of mercantilism caused France's economy to grow and prosper
B;Jean Baptiste Colbert
became first king of the Bourbon dynasty and was Protestant Prince who became a Catholic King
was the minister to Louis XIV whose policies drove nobles to rebel against the boy king.
fought against Catholics in eight wars in France between 1562 and 1598
was the minister of Louis XIII who moved against the Huguenots and increased the power of the government
This king of England lost the English Civil War
This king of England came to power as a result of the Glorious Revolution
This Catholic king of England was replaced by William and Mary after he fled to France for protection
This Puritan leader ruled England after the end of the English Civil War, abolished the monarch and then became a military dictator.
This king of Scotland inherited Elizabeth I's throne as well as her conflicts with Parliament
1st to give Portugal a direct sea route to India
C;Vasco da Gama
Italian explorer who realized the Columbus did NOT find new land in Asia, but found a whole "new" world
Explored the lower Mississippi River and claimed the entire river valley for France. Then named it Louisiana in Honor of Louis XVI
E;Robert de La Salle
First to circumnavigate the world
Captured New Netherlands for England and re-named it after himself
D;Duke of York
Stated that the planets revolve in an elliptical orbit around the sun NOT in circles
Introduced the first vaccine in the world. His vaccine was used to prevent smallpox
one of the first to experiment with chemistry and gasses
"I think, therefore I am"
Which group held the last land during the Old Regime in France?
How many years did it take Sir Francis Drake to circumnavigate the Earth for England?
Explain which side gained and which side lost territory from 1643 to 1644.
Which side of the English Civil War maintained control of London and why would this be important?
Parliamentarians maintained control of London and was important because it was the country's political and economic center
In 1783, which of the following nations did NOT have territory in present day U.S?
What NATURAL feature formed the western border of the United States?
C; Mississippi River
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