a system in which one belongs to one's father's lineage; it may also involve the inheritance of property or titles through the male line
a system in which one belongs to one's mother's lineage; it may also involve the inheritance of property or titles through the female line
A set of international standards of conduct for treating prisoners of war, established in 1929
followers of Judaism, claim Jerusalem as the Holy city. Jews were massacred by the Nazi party during World War II
King Henry VIII
Founder of the church of England and ruled England from 1509-1547. He broke from the Catholic church because the Pope wouldn't grant him a divorce from his many wives. Because his wives didn't give birth to a male heir, he executed them.
Treaty of Versailles
imposed on Germany by France, Great Britain, the United States, and other Allied Powers after World War I. It demanded that Germany dismantle its military and give up some lands to Poland. It was resented by many Germans and is considered a cause of World War II.
Minority tribe in Rwanda. Had lost control of the Rwandan government and were the primary target of genocide.
A person of mixed racial ancestry, especially of mixed European and Native American ancestry
any person of mixed ancestry; offspring of American Indians and a white person, especially one of french ancestry.
refers to either the genocide committed by Bosnian Serb forces in Srebrenica in 1995 or the ethnic cleansing campaign that took place throughout areas controlled by the Bosnian Serb Army during the 1992-1995 Bosnian War. This included the killing of more than 8,000 Bosnian Muslims as well as the mass expulsion of another 25,000-30,000 Bosnian Muslims
The systematic elimination of an ethnic group or groups from a region or society, as by deportation, forced emigration, or genocide.
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church lead by Martin Luther and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
a group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies
political and spiritual leader during India's struggle with Great Britain for independence; best known for his non-violent protests
the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators
Adam Smith and Mercantilism
Mercantilism is trade surplus to create a powerful/wealthy country. Adam Smith developed the idea of free enterprise, and was critical of mercantilism.
Assault carried out by mainly Turkish military forces against Armenian population in Anatolia in 1915; over a million Armenians perished and thousands fled to Russia and the Middle East.
Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes
a competitive ceremonial activity among certain North American Indians, esp. the Haida, involving a lavish distribution of gifts and the destruction of property to emphasize the wealth and status of the chief or clan
An official policy of racial segregation formerly practiced in the Republic of South Africa, involving political, legal, and economic discrimination against nonwhites
Five Pillars of Faith
the essential duties of Muslims must fulfill; faith, prayer, charity, fasting and pilgrimage
responsible for the launch of the first Crusade, claiming that God wills the christians to retake the Holy Land
a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems.
A Native American people inhabiting the Queen Charlotte Islands of British Columbia, Canada, and Prince of Wales Island in Alaska. They are know for the division in the tribe, Ravens and Eagles, and the potlatch ceremony.
Chinese philosopher and teacher of ethics.His doctrines were compiled after his death under the title The Analects of Confucius. He is the founder of Confucianism.
White Man's Burden
Rudyard Kipling wrote the poem this poem which states that it's the european man's job to civilize the uncivilized
Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.
unified China; standardized roads, axle widths, money, writing; first example of censorship through book burnings, built Great Wall, name "China" comes form this dynasty
Organization of American States, an international governmental organization formed by the states of North and South America formed to promote democracy, economic cooperation, and human rights
It was a major religious city in the Inca Empire in high altitude. The city was built around 1450 and was discovered only in 1911.
A Native American people who built a notable civilization in western South America in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The center of their empire was in present-day Peru and their main language was Quechua. Francisco Pizarro of Spain conquered this Empire.
Indian Caste System
Includes Brahmins (priests), Kshatryas (rulers and warriors),
Vaisyas (commoners, farmers, craftsmen, and traders), Sudras (laborers and servants), and the "Untouchables" who were below the caste system. A person's caste is determined by their parent's caste and it is almost impossible to move up.
German theologian who led the Reformation, writer of the 95 theses, creater of the Protestant faith
"Iron Curtain" and Berlin Wall
symbolized the ideological fighting and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1989. The most notable of the Iron Curtains was the dividing of East Berlin and West Berlin with the Berlin Wall.
This period of time following World War II is where the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers and faced off in an arms race that lasted nearly 50 years. There were no deaths in this war, but the Cuban Missile Crisis could have started a nuclear war.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians. He was also the founder of Constantinople.
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world- set up cities named Alexandria
Powerful city in Ancient Greece that was run like a military state. It competed with Athens for dominance- Women had more power in Sparta compared to women in Athens
Powerful city in Ancient Greece that was a leader in arts, sciences, philosophy, democracy and architecture; enemy of Sparta; Women had less rights
King of the Franks who conquered much of Western Europe, great patron of literature and learning
Sunnis and Shiites
Split in Islam. They disagree in many issues, but the greatest disagreement between the two groups is Muhummad's successor.
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land and in return required service in army, labor, and money from the vassal
an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members; includes 27 states that share the euro
Means "Rebirth of Knowledge", The humanistic revival of classical art, architecture, literature, and learning that originated in Italy in the 14th century and later spread throughout Europe. Popular painters during that time include Da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael.
Means, "Raw Flesh Eater", a member of an indigenous people of Greenland, northern canada, alaska, and northeastern Siberia, characterized by short, stocky build and light-brown complexion.
Church established in western Europe during the Roman Empire and the Middle Ages with its head being the bishop of Rome or pope.