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Geography Study Guide
Terms in this set (27)
The holy buildings of which religion are often covered with mosaics and have arches with points at the top?
Mosques or synagogue
Which religion included a social hierarchy in which a person born into a certain level must remain at that level of society their entire life? What was the system called?
Hinduism and the Caste system
Are Sufism and Qur'anism braches of Islam?
Sufism and Qur'anism are (small) branches of Islam.
Does Russia have a large Catholic population?
Which religion almost always cremates their dead?
Rank the size of Islam, Hindu, and Christianity by the number of believers for each.
Christianity- 2 billion, Islam- 1 billion, Hindu- 300 million
Which religion originated in South Asia but spread to East Asia and SE Asia?
Name four branches of Buddhism.
There are 3 branches of Buddhism (1 goes by 2 different names: Therayeda- SE Asia, Mahayana- East Asia and Vajrayana (Tantrayana)- Tibet.
What is the ethnic religion of Japan?
Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestantism (branches, sects, denominations) of (Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, or Hinduism).
What 3 religions originated in SW Asia?
Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.
Name 7 ethnic religions.
Hinduism, Judaism, Shintoism, Taoism, Animism, Cosmogony, and Confucianism.
Which of the above ethnic religions has the most believers? Where is that religion found?
Hinduism, located in India.
Put the religious structure next the correct religion:
Are the Ethioplan and Coptic Christian churches a member of the three main branches of Christianity?
Ethiopian and Egyptian Coptic are not member of the main 3 branches of Christianity (Protestant, Catholic, and Orthodox)
Which is the largest of the ethnic religions?
Hinduism and Judaism
Though ethnic religions usually have very little diffusion, why are Jews found around the world?
Because the nation of Israel was conquered and the Jewish people were scattered to different areas of the world.
In universalizing religions, what do most of the holy places reflect?
They are associated with the history of that religion.
What religion(s) is/are still the most popular religion in their country of origin?
The Roman Catholic Church- Europe, North America, and Latin America. Protestantism- Northern Europe, North America.
Which religion believes spirits abide in animals, trees, mountains, etc?
Which five continents have large numbers of Christian believers?
North America, Africa, Europe, South America, and Asia.
In which country does Islam have the most members?
Which religion would most likely have shamans, totems, and small homogeneous members?
Shamanism or Shintoism
Name at least 3 areas of religious conflict in the world.
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Are those involved in these conflicts in ethnic religions or universalizing religions?
Judaism is ethnic, Christianity and Islam are universalizing religions.
What is the root cause of each conflict?
Complex historical, social, and ethnic roots.
In what river might a Hindu believer travel a great distance to bathe?
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