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25 terms

diuretics

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phosphodiesterase inhibitors are what type of diuretic?
cardiovascular diuretics
name some examples of PDE inhibitors
aminophyllline
amrionone
milrionone
what is the most commonly used osmotic diuretic?
Mannitol
what osmotic diuretic can be used for cerebral spinal edema and actue glaucoma?
Mannitol
Which osmotic diuretic is only used for localized edema?
Mannitol
if Mannitol is administered PO what are the adverse effects?
not absorbed and acts as a laxative
What is the most effective diuretic?
Loop Diuretics
What is the most common loop diuretic?
Furosemide (Lasix)
what are loop diuretics derived from that may cause an allergic reaction in some patients?
Sulfonamides
Where do loop diuretics work?
Ascending loop of henle
Where do osmotic diuretics work?
Ascending loop of henle and distal convoluted tubule
what is the drug of choice for generalize edema?
Loop diuretics
What is the drug of choice for exercise induced pulmonary hemorrhage in horses?
Lasix (Furosemide)
Which diuretic inhibits Na/K/Cl transport at the ascending loop of henle?
Loop diuretics
Hypokalemia, ototoxicity and systemic alkalosis are side effects of what group of diuretics?
Loop diuretics
What drugs should loop diuretics NOT be used with? why?
Aminoglycosides
due to ototoxicity
hyperglycemia is a side effect of what diuretic?
loop diuretics
the second most effective diuretic group is?
thiazide diuretics
what group of diuretics should not be used with renal failure?
thiazide derivatives
they do not get to the site of action
where do thiazide derivatives work?
distal tubule
what group of diuretics can be used to prevent Calcium Oxalate crystals?
thiazide diuretics
hydrocholorothiazide and chlorothiazide are what type of diuretic?
thiazide diuretics
udder edema is associated with which diuretics?
thiazide diuretics
drug of choice for nephrogenic diabetes insipidus?
thiazide derivatives
drug of choice for central diabetes insipidus?
desmopressin