Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (83)
Portuguese prince who started a school for sailors and sponsored early voyages of exploration
Vasco da Gama
the first European to reach India by sea sailing around the tip of Africa.
First person to circumnavigate the earth.
King George III
King in power during the revolutionary war.
A patriot who helped warn colonists about British movements he coined the term "the British are coming"
Sons of liberty
secret society formed to oppose British policies- lead the Boston tea party.
Americans who supported the British
Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
people who opposed the Constitution
The exact position of a place on the earth's surface.
a way of life
Line of Demarcation
This was the line drawn by The Pope that gave Portugal half and Spain half of the world
a machine for printing text or pictures from type or plates. an early invention of the renaissance.
a countries power was based off wealth
dutch people could on land if they got 50 people to settle on it.
The failed "lost colony" founded by Sir Walter Raleigh
15,000 puritans went to Massachusetts to escape rebellious persecution.
a form that was signed by pilgrims which promise they worked hard and obeyed laws.
Joint Stock Company
group of investors looking to make a profit
A document asking for land from the king
rules focusing on the behavior and punishment of enslaved people
limiting kings power
a religious movement that swept through the colonies in the 1730s and 1740s
a movement that emphasized science and reason as guides to help see the world more clearly
July 4th, 1776
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted
each slave would count for 3/5 of a person when making new states
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
government structure in which government actions are limited by law/ nobody is above the law
due process of law
fair treatment for all
Separation of Powers
an act of giving the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate powers.
decides if laws are unconstitutional
a special group that gets to choose the president
A change to the Constitution
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
A form of government in which people elect representatives.
All people have rights the government can not take away.
the total amount of money that a country's government owes
Why were the Spanish able t defeat the Aztecs, Incas, an Mayas.
-more advanced weapons
-natives thought the Spanish were gods
A series of wars for holy land
Grew most wheat
ran along the Appalachian mountains
new England colonies
best soil and growing season
built the mot ships
new England colonies
Crop that saved Jamestown
war with Spain and England that resulted in more and more countries crossing the line of demarcation.
What caused the French and Indian War?
Britain and France both claimed the Ohio River Valley.
why did Britain tax the colonists
To pay for the French and Indian War
how did the colonist protest the taxes
Boycott taxed goods
"the shot heard from around the world"
Start of the American Revolution, no one knows what side fired the first bullet.- from Lexington and concord
why did colonist protest the taxes
they had no voice in parliament
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
Battle of Bunker Hill
Site of a battle early in the Revolutionary War. This battle contested control of two hills overlooking Boston Harbor.
Declaration of independence inspiration came from
first victory in the revolutionary war
Battle of Seratoga
challenges that Washington faced
-most of his army would be out of their contract soon
-didn't have a navy
Britain new strategy after their losses at Trenton and Princeton
March down Albany and separate new England from the other colonies
Place where Washington's army spent the winter- troops died here from disease and malnutrition
Treaty of Paris 1783
This treaty ended the Revolutionary War, recognized the independence of the American colonies
Battle that ended the Revolutionary war
Battle of Yorktown
New Jersy Plan
A plan that called for a 1 house legislative branch with equal representation.
"Large state" proposal for the new constitution, calling for representation in both houses to be based off population
compromise basing half of congress of population (House of representatives) and one giving equal representation (senate)
Anti-Federalists argument of the constitution
didn't have a bill of rights
land ordinance of 1785
A law that divided much of the United States into a system of townships
if there was 60,000 people in the same area, it would be recognized as a state
why did Americans fear a strong national government
they didn't want to be like Britain
What branch makes the laws and declares war
3 branches of government
Legislative, Executive, Judicial
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
the constitution is the
Supreme law of the land
why did Washington tell the US stay neutral in world affairs
because we may have been forced to fight and we were not big enough of a power to fight
France stole american ships and demanded a bribe and a loan in order to speak with the US
Washington's feeling about a two party system
he thought they would put a divide on our country and people wouldn't be able to vote freely
This law gave the president the power to imprison or send aliens (immigrants) out of the country
made it a crime for newspaper editors, writers, or speakers to criticize the government.
who was the french revolution between
french people and french government
Treaty signed in 1794 between the U.S. And Britain in which Britain sought to improve trade relations and agreed to get off american soil
Who founded the Republican Party?
states could choose if they wanted to go by the constitution.
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
part 2 ss test