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12 terms

Rs ethics- medical technology

Key terms for AQA GCSE Ethics
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Artificial insemination (AI)
sperm medically inserted into the vagina to assist pregnancy.
Artificial insemination by husband (AIH)
when a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of her husband, but not through having sexual relations with him
Artificial insemination by donor (AID)
when a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of a man other than her partner, but not through having sexual relations with him.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF)
A scientific method of making a woman pregnant, which does not involve sex. Conception occurs via sperm and egg being placed into a test tube
Surrogate mother
a woman who has a baby for another woman
Surrogacy
a form of fertility treatment in which a woman's egg is fertilised articificially by another woman's partner or an embryo from another couple is created through IVF and then implanted into the 'host' woman. The woman carries the baby throughout the pregnancy and gives it to the other couple after the birth.
Cloning
the scientific method by which animals or plants can be created which have exactly the same genetic make-up as the original, because the DNA of the original is used.
Embryo
fertilised ovum at about 12-14 days when implanted into the wall of the womb.
Reproductive cloning
the use of cloning techniques to produce a baby
Therapeutic therapy (stem cell cloning)
existing genetic information is removed from a fertilised egg and replaced with new genetic information from the donor.
Designer babies
babies with gender and characteristics chosen by their parents - currently illegal.
Saviour sibling
when a child is suffering from a serious condition that requires a donor who has compatible tissue for a transplant or lood transfusion, a saviour sibling can be created to help them.