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Chapter 4 Clean Water Act
An overview of the key terms associated with the Clean Water Act.
Terms in this set (33)
Dredge and Fill Permits administered by the Army Corp of Engineers.
Best Available Demonstrated Technology, BADT
Under the CWA, technology-based effluent standards applicable to new, direct dischargers.
Best Available Technology, BAT
CWA, technology-based effluent standards applicable to existing direct dischargers of non-conventional and toxic pollutants.
Best Conventional Technology, BCT
Under CWA, technology-based effluent standards applicable to existing direct dischargers of conventional pollutants.
Best Practical Technology, BPT
First technology-based standard for effluent redution under CWA.
National effluent standards issued under the CWA, so called because different limits apply to different industrial categories.
Water pollutants, such as microbial agents and suspended solids, that are the traditional targets of public sanitation and water pollution control.
Under CWA, a pollutant that an cause death, disease behavioral abnormalities, cancer, genetic mutations, reproductive malfunctions, and other severe effects in humans or other organisms; defined more specifically by a list of toxic pollutants.
Under CWA, a point source that discharges effluent directly to surface waters.
The default control measure of CWA that prohibits discharge of any pollutant not expressly allowed by a facility's permit, or in excess of the amount allowed in the permit.
Dredge and Fill Permit
A permit issued by the Corp. of Engineers and required for the deposit of fill or dredged material into surface water.
A standard limiting the allowable concentration of a pollutant n discharges to surface waters.
Under a CWA, a source that discharges effluent materials indirectly into surface bodies of water without a "discrete conveyance".
Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) is a system for classifying industries by a four-digit code. Established in the United States in 1937, it is used by government agencies to classify industry areas.
Industrial User, IU
An industrial point-source that discharges effluent waste to a POTW.
A court order requiring someone to do -- or refrain from doing -- a designated act.
Under the CWA, an industrial discharge to a POTW that disrupts or inhibits the POTW's treatment operations.
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)
Major program of CWA that regulates discharge of pollutants to surface waters, including the requirement of a permit of any discharge.
A source that was constructed or modified after an applicable standard was initially proposed.
New Source Performance Standards
Regulations that govern emissions of air pollutants from new plants or existing plants that fall under this classification due to major changes in their production equipment or procedures. NS are often covered under NSP requirements that reflect the best new technology and most restrictive emissions requirements.
A default category for pollutants not identified as either toxic or conventional, such as Ammonia or Chlorine.
Under the CWA, the discharge by an industrial user to a POTW of any contaminant the POTW cannot effectively treat, which therefore passes through the POTW and contaminates the receiving waters.
A harmful material that can enter the biosphere through the land, air, or water and harm the environment and/or human health.
An order issued early in a lawsuit prohibiting a party from doing something during the course of the lawsuit.
CWA program requiring pretreatment of waste before discharge to a POTW, if the waste would otherwise cause the POTW to exceed effluent limits.
Public Interest Review
Inquiry conducted by the Corp. of Engineers to determine whether to issue a 404 permit.
Publicly Owned Treatment Works, POTW
Water treatment facility owned by a local or other governmental entity.
Depriving a person of the benefit of their private property by operation of a regulation, such as restrictions on the development of wetlands.
A legal rule stating who is authorized to start a lawsuit (some kind of real damage must be shown).
Temporary Restraining Order, (TRO)
A form of injunctive relief intended to preserve the status quo for a very brief period until the parties can make initial presentations of their cases to the court.
Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)
The amount of particular pollutants that a water body can receive from both point and nonpoint sources and still meet water quality standards.
Chemicals known to cause serious health or environmental problems.
Waters of the United States
Surface waters subject to regulation under CWA, including interstate waters, waters subject to the tides, waters that have some connection with interstate commerce; also called "navigable waters" even if they are not really navigable.
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