15 terms

Population Distribution

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birth rate
the total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society
natural increase
the percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the birth rate minus the death rate
population pyramid
a bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex
negative population growth
decrease in the number of people that occupy a territory or state (country) (births - deaths + immigration - emigration)
positive population growth
increase in the number of people that occupy a territory or state (country) (births - deaths + immigration - emigration)
death rate
the total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society
rural
in, relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town
urban
of, relating to, or located in a city
population density
the average number of people in a square mile (or kilometer)
MDC
more developed country. A country that has progressed relatively far along a continuum of development
LDC
less developed country. A country that is at a relatively early stage in the process of economic development
life expectancy
the average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic and medical conditions
fertility rate
the number of children an average woman of a country could expect to have (averaged over all the women in the country)
infant mortality rate
the total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 live births in a society
demography
the scientific study of population characteristics
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