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Terms in this set (81)
Traditional western medicine is based on religious beliefs
Early pharmacy technicians were the chemist and apothecary apprentices.
The US Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) sets standards for the manufacturing, compounding, and ingredients for drugs used in the United States
Pharmacy technicians do not need to have computer skills to enter and fill prescription orders
The original Coca-Cola recipe contained opium.
The Department of Defense established the first formal training program for medics and pharmacy technicians.
Antibiotics were some of the first drugs mass produced and marketed by pharmaceutical manufacturers following WWII.
Pharmacy technicians must have basic computer entry skills in order to enter prescription orders and bill insurances
Insufficient patient information is NOT a safety issue in pharmacy.
The education and certification of pharmacy technicians will improve the quality of healthcare and lower cost
he profession of pharmacy has deep roots in the work of early________physicians
a. Greek and Roman
c. Arab Jewish and Christian
b. Arab Muslim
d. All of these are correct
d. All of these are correct
Who wrote the first Greco-Roman drug formulary?
The first US organization to formally train pharmacy technicians was
the Department of Defense
What medicinal plant has been used by healthcare providers since the Middle Ages for heart problems?
Another name for a pharmacy is an apothecary; apothecary is derived from
Latin word for "storage place", associated with dry goods, herbs and wine.
One of the first manufactured and mass marketed synthetic drug, made in the 1800s, was
Pharmacists would not be able to offer drug therapy counseling and monitoring without the help of well trained ______
Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding mail-order pharmacies?
They are more likely to dispense a 90-day supply of medication than an independent pharmacy
Currently, what type of pharmacy employs the greatest share of pharmacists?
Institutional pharmacies employ what percentage of pharmacy technicians?
In hospitals, there are trained pharmacy technicians who work
preparing 24-72 hour medication supplies and/or in a sterile compounding cleanroom
To help keep healthcare costs low, health maintenance organizations (HMOs)
have a formulary of approved drugs
How are independent and chain pharmacies alike?
They fill e-prescriptions for walk-in patients
Radioactive pharmaceuticals will be prepared in a __________pharmacy.
During what era did the task of producing most drugs shift from the pharmacists to the drug manufacturers?
How did pharmacists, prior to 1920, learn their trade?
serving as apprentices in pharmacies
Pharmaceutics is defined as the study of
how drug dosage formulations are manufactured to be released in the body
In 1968, the first formal nonmilitary training program began for pharmacy technicians
A pharmacy technician might help with MTM by
entering accurate patient history
The area of _____ in pharmacy practice requires additional training and certification
chemotherapy and hazardous compounding
The advantage of a home healthcare pharmacy includes
a. cost savings.
b. more pleasant, comfortable atmosphere than a hospital.
c. less uprooting for the patient.
d. All of these choices are correct.
d. All of these choices are correct
A Collaborative Practice Agreement (CPA) legally outlines the responsibilities of the ______ and ability to have reimbursement in a Medication Therapy Management arrangement.
What is a typical course in an accredited pharmacy technician training program?
Throughout the pharmacy technician training curriculum, students practice
computerized record keeping.
To obtain certification as a pharmacy technician, one must
pass a pharmacy technician national certification exam.
The process by which a pharmacist's license may be recognized by another state is called
Pharmacy technicians are trained to
input prescription into a computer system.
Which of the following statements about pharmacy technicians is true?
They act as cashiers, inventory managers, and check patient demographics for accuracy.
The pharmacy technician serves as a _____ in the hospital pharmacy.
The _____ takes final responsibility and liability for a pharmacy technician's actions.
documented piece of evidence of one's qualification
the granting of a professional license by a state, having met the qualifications to protect the public
mandatory signing up with the State Board of Pharmacy (required in most states) before starting to practice in most states as a pharmacy technician
the periodic updating of certification
the process by which a third-party professional organization grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined criteria, such as passing an exam
What is the term used to describe the process of achieving a system of control and feedback mechanisms that cause the body to keep its self in balance?
Which of the following is an example of a drug used to restore and maintain homeostasis?
Potassium chloride is administered to a patient on a diuretic, as the diuretic causes a net loss of potassium from the body
Which of the following is the goal of drug therapy?
cures or controls a disease
The principal way in which cells communicate is through the action of
What does a messenger molecule bind with to cause some effect on the target cell?
Cells involved in immune responses have receptors that are highly specific to molecules on the surfaces
Which of the following terms refers to the strength by which a particular messenger binds to its receptor site?
Which of the following terms is used to describe a beta-blocker?
Which of the following is an example of how an agonist drug works?
Two substances have an affinity for the same receptor and they compete for available receptor sites
Which of the following is an example of an antagonist drug?
The drug binds to the receptor site and prevents binding
Antidepressants work by binding to the protein that removes which neurotransmitter from the nerve terminals?
What is the term used to describe the way a drug works within the body to affect both normal physiology and disease?
A drug's pharmacokinetic profile can be described in terms of four process of interaction with the body. they include all except which of the following?
In which of the following pharmacokinetic processes do chemical constituents of drugs make their way into the bloodstream
Which of the following pharmacokinetic processes can depend on its route of administration, its solubility in the blood or other bodily fluids, and other physical properties?
Which of the following routes of administration is the most common?
Which of the following routes of administration do not require time for absorption because the drug is immediately present in the systemic blood circulation?
Factors that affect dissolution of drugs include all of the following except:
color of tablet
Where is the primary site of absorption for many drugs?
If a drug moves fast through gastric emptying, the absorption rate of the drug
Drug distribution may be affected by: a. All of the answers are correct
c. the blood-brain barrier.
b. binding to plasma proteins.
d. binding to cellular constituents.
a. All of the answers are correct
Distribution is the process by which a drug moves from the bloodstream into other body fluids and tissues, and ultimately to
its site of action
Phenobarbital increasing the metabolism and therefore decreasing the effect of warfarin is an example of which of the following processes in metabolism?
An example of the antifungal drug ketoconazole blocking the metabolism of alprazolam is an example of
If a greater dose of a drug is given, a great response is noted until the point is reached when the response no longer improves with increased dosing. This know as
the ceiling effect
Which of the following pharmacokinetic processes is where a drug or its metabolites are removed from the body?
Which area of the body does most elimination occur?
A ___________ is the quantity of a drug administered at one time, where a ___________ refers to the administration of a specific amount of drug.
Only half of the ingested amount of furosemide is available to the target tissue, but almost all of the dose of intravenous is available. This is referred to as
All of the following can cause a drug to be individualized from the normal therapeutic range except:
using a generic drug
Which of the following terms is used to describe metabolism in the liver before a drug reaches the systemic circulation?
What is an important factor to consider when calculating the maintenance dose of a drug?
rate of clearance
The time required to achieve therapeutic levels of a drug can be shortened by the administration of a
If the half-life of a drug is 2 hours, the drug will be gone in how many hours?
What drug can patients with a history of anaphylactic reactions be given to use in case of an emergency?
What type of effect occurs when lidocaine is used to numb an area for stitches?
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