33 terms

Geo physical features definitions

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Gorge
Deep, narrow valleys with a stream or river running along their bottom
Oxbow lake
Crescent-shaped lake lying alongside a winding river.
Waterfall
A cascade of water falling from a height
Meander
A bend in a watercourse or river.
Flood plain
An area of land adjacent to a stream or river that stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls and experiences flooding
Interlocking spur
As the river erodes the landscape in the upper course, it winds and bends to avoid areas of hard rock, this creates interlocking spurs
Rapids
Sections of a river where the river bed has a relatively steep gradient, causing an increase in water velocity (speed) and turbulence
Coast
An area of land along the sea
Cape
A narrow part of land along a shore that sticks out into the water
Canyon
A deep narrow valley having high, steep slopes
Delta
A deposit usually triangular in shape, of sand and soil that forms at the mouth of the river
Desert
A large area of land with no or little moisture or vegetation
Divide
The high land that separates two river basins. A river drains the water from land, and that land is its basin.
Forest
A large area of land covered by trees
Hill
A small area of land that is higher than the land around it
Island
An area of land surrounded by water
Isthmus
A narrow piece of land joining two larger bodies of land, or joining a peninsula with a mainland
Mountain
A lofty elevation on the Earth's surface
Mountain range
A series of connecting mountains
Oasis
A fertile spot within the desert, watered by underground springs or irrigation
Peak
The highest part of a mountain
Peninsula
A piece of land that is nearly surrounded by water but connected to mainland via and isthmus
Plain
A large flat land area
Plateau
A large land area that is high and generally very flat
Valley
The land between hills or mountains usually containing streams
Archipelago
Any broad area of water containing several islands or a group of islands
Bay
An inland body of water usually of considerable size sheltered from strong land action by the surrounding land on three sides
Fiord
A deep, narrow inlet of the sea, between high, steep cliffs
Harbour
A sheltered body of water where ships anchor and are safe from winds and waves of storm at sea
Lagoon
A shallow body of water lying between a barrier island (island built of sand) or a barrier reef (coral reef) and mainland
Sea
A body of water smaller than an ocean, set off from the main body of an ocean
Strait
A passageway of water that connects two large bodies of water
Tributary
A stream or small river that flows into another river or stream
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