How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

96 terms

Anatomy Exam

STUDY
PLAY
Organs of the alimentary canal.
Mouth
Pharynx
Stomach
Esophagus
The release of food from the stomach into the small intestine is regulated by the...
pyloric sphincter
protein digestion begins in the
stomach
thesmall intestine extends from the...
pyloric sphincter to the ileocecal valve
Middle section of the small intestine
jejunum
enzymes and bile are carried by the pancreatic duct and bile duct into the..
ileum
the primary function of the small intestine
absorption of nutrients
Subdivisions of the large intestine
cecum
rectum
appendix
colon
The organ responsible of drying out indigestible food residue through water absorption and elimination of feces
large intestine
the opening of the large intestine
anus
number of permanent teeth within a full set of adult teeth
32
bile is produced and stored where?
Produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder
buildup of bile in the liver leading to bile pigments circulation through the body could cause tissues to turn yellow. This condition is called...
Jaundice
the first nutrient to be chemically digested
starch
Villi
Projections inside the small intestine that increase the surface area for absorption of nutrients.
The sequential order of the digestive organs making up the alimentary canal (mouth to anus)
Mouth > Pharynx > Esophagus > Stomach > Small Intestine > Large Intestine > Anus
The three mucosa covered projections into the nasal cavity that increase the surface area of the mucosa exposed to the air
conchae
Throat
Pharynx
Inflammation of the sinuses that can cause marked changes in voice quality
Sinusitis
Large shield shaped thyroid cartilage that protrudes anteriorly
Adams apple
C shaped rings that reinforce the trachea are constructed of what
Nyaline cartilage
Flap of elastic cartilage that protects the opening of the larynx
epiglottis
A procedure in which air within the lungs is used to forcible expel an obstructing piece of food to avoid suffocation
Heimlich maneuver
The smallest conducting passageways of the lungs
bronchi-oles
"dust cells" that wander in and out of the alveoli, picking up bacteria, carbon particles, and other debris
macrophages
the air sacs of the lungs
Alveoli
the process of moving air into and out of the lungs is commonly called breathing or...
pulmonary ventilation
gas exchange between blood and tissue cells
internal respiration
respiratory capacities are measured by a..
spirometer
an abnormal bubbling sound caused by diseased respiratory tissue, mucus, or pus
emphysema
most carbon dioxide is dissolved in blood plasma and transported as...
bicarbonate ion
inadequate oxygen deliver to the body tissues
hypoxia
during internal respiration, what blood gas is loading into the bloodstream?
carbon dioxide
a normal respiratory rate of about 12 to 15 breathes per minute
eupnea
the most important stimulus for breathing in a healthy person is the body's need to rid it self of..
carbon dioxide
Chronically inflamed, hypersensitive bronchial passages that can be irritated by dust mite and cockroach droppings are indicative of..
asthma
The conducting passageways preform...
allow air to reach the lungs
purify air
warm incoming air
humidify air
Terms applied to the nose
External nares
nasal cavity
nasal septum
nostrils
air from the nasal cavity enters the superior portion of the pharynx called..
nasopharynx
tonsils that lie at the base of the tongue
lingual tonsils
Following the removal of the larynx, a person would be unable to...
speak
the opening between the vocal cords
glottis
the serous membrane covering the surface of the lungs is called the
visceral pleura
when oxygen enters the respiratory system, what is the next structure to which it travels immediately upon leaving the trachea
main bronchi
Parts of the respiratory zone
respiratory bronchioles
alveoli
alveolar ducts
alveolar sacs
exchange of both oxygen and carbon dioxide through the respiratory membrane occurs by...
diffusion
air moving in and out of the lungs
plumonary ventilation
the gas exchange that occurs between blood and tissue cells at systemic capillaries
internal respiration
the homeostatic imbalance associated with the death of many full term newborn infants
SIDS
Normal, quit breathing which moves approximately 500 ml of air per breath
tidal volume
sudden inspirations resulting in the spasm of the diaphragm
hiccuping
tube that is posterior to the trachea
esophagus
blase of upward rushing air that clears the lower respiratory passageways
coughs
Lymph flows
toward the heart only
Lymphoid tissues that trap and remove bacteria entering the throat
tonsils
the lymph organ that programs t cells and functions at peak levels only during youth
thymus
the body's first line of defense against the invasion of disease causing microorganisms
skin and mucous mebranes
compared to the nonspecific chemicals that cover body surfaces and mucous membranes, the specific defense system is..
slower
Antigens
pollen grains
bacteria
fungi
virus particles
lymph from the left arm would return to the heart through the..
right lymphatic duct
B cells develop immunocompetences in the..
bone marrow
what specific type of acquired immunity do vaccines provide
artificially acquired active immunity
Vaccines can not be used for
snake bites, rabies bites, etc.
Methods of antibodies inactivating antigens
agglutination
complement fixation
neutralization
excess accumulations of fluid, which impair the exchange of materials within the tissues
edema
lymph exists the lymph node via
efferent
The role of what is to remove worn out blood cells and return some of the products to the liver in the lymphatic system
spleen
the clumping of foreign cells, a type of antigen-antibody reaction used in blood typing
agglutiination
study of the immune system
immunology
the lymphoid tissue is located overlying the heart
thymus gland
the process by which neutrophils squeeze through capillary walls
diapedesis
and isograft is a tissue graft donated by
and identical twinn
a class of T cells that release chemicals to wind down T and B cell activity
regulatory t cells
a class of T cells that specialize in killing virus infected, cancer or foreign graft cells
cytotoxic T cells
lymph organs that filter lymph
lymph nodes
Four cardinal signs of inflammation
redness
heat
swelling
pain
Donor by fraternal twin
allograft
tiny air sacs in the lungs designed to exchange gaseous oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood
alveoli
muscular tub extending from the mouth to the stomach that transport partially digested food
esophagus
the sternum and attached ribs that cover the heart and lungs
chest plate
bell shaped muscle that separates the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity
diaphragm
organ at the base of the lungs that decomposes toxins and drugs as well as waste
liver
small pear shaped organ that stores bile produced by the liver until needed for digestion
gallbladder
bean shaped organ that filters blood and excretes urea and water as urine
kidney
voice box having vocal cords which produce distinct sounds for communication
larynx
tube connecting the fetus and the placenta
umbilical cord
cartilage lined airway leading from the larynx to the bronchi of the lungs
trachea
organ lying dorsal to the stomach that part of the lymphatic system that destroys and recycles old red blood cells, produces antibodies, and supplies extra blood volume in emergencies
spleen
fluid filled sacs that surround the heart
pericardium
the beginning of the small intestine that is connected to the stomach
duodenum
fold in the stomach that allow it to expand
rugae
the largest artery of the body
aorta
Why do the lungs have a large number of blood vessels
to transport the un oxgenated blood to and from the heart
what are the two major veins of the pigs heart that return deoxygenated blood from the body
superior and inferior venae cavae
a fetal pig at 100 days is considered
full term
What moves down when the pig inhales allowing the chest cavity to expand
diaphragm