Vocabulary Terms

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Feudalism
Land-based political and social system prevalent in West Europe after late 9th century; characterized by military hierarchy and manorial system of land ownership.
Pope
Bishop of Rome; highest authority of the Roman Catholic Church.
Peasant
Member of the class of persons who tilled the soil
Serf
Half-free peasant attached to land held by a noble
Indulgences
The Roman Catholic Church, a pardon of temporal punishment for sin
Judaism
1st (chronologically) of the great monotheist religions; the religious beliefs and way of life for the jews.
Christianity
2nd of the monotheist religions, based on the teachings of Jesus Christ.
Islam
(Literally submission to, or peace with God) Last of the three great monotheist religions, of which Muhammad was the prophet.
Muslim
(Also Moslem) an adherent of Islam
Jihad
Holy war
TUrks
Turkic-speaking people; nomads from Asia who converted the Islam and migrated to the Middle East
Arabs
Semitic people whose primary language is arabic