28 terms

OLQHS 6th grade social studies study guide 3

STUDY
PLAY
Alexander
Commander in the Macedonian army at 16 and a king at 20.
myth
A traditional story about gods and heroes.
Hellenistic Era
A time when Greek culture spread throughout the non-Greek world.
Mount Olympus
Highest mountain in Greece.
Macedonia
Greece's northern neighbor
Socrates
Taught that absolute right and wrong did exist; asked pointed questions to force his pupils to think for themselves.
Lighthouse of Alexandria
One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
Zeus
Chief god of the Greeks
Herodotus
"the father of history"
Euripides
Dramatist who questioned traditional thinking about war.
Sanskrit
Written language developed by the Aryans in ancient India.
Indus River Valley
India's first settlements were here.
Harappans
A peaceful people who farmed and traded with their neighbors.
the Buddha
Means "Enlightened One"
Siddhartha Gautama was named this.
Hinduism
One of the oldest religions in the world, and today the 3rd largest.
Himalaya
Highest mountain in the world.
Dharma
Meaning "divine law" It directs Hindus to do the duty of their caste.
Asoka
First great Buddhist king; dedicated his life to peace
Confucius
China's first great thinker who taught that if each person does his or her duty, society as a whole will do well.
Oracle Bones
First examples of written Chinese language.
Gobi
A cold, rocky desert east of the Kunlun Shan and Tian Shan Mountains.
Han Wudi
Chinese Emperor who wanted the best minds to work in government.
Huang He Valley
Site of the first Chinese civilizations.
Legalism
Taught that people needed harsh laws and punishment to make them live right.
Great Wall
Qin built this and extended it to keep out the Xiongnu.
filial piety
Practice that requires children to respect their parents and older relatives.
Silk Road
A network of trade routes that extended from China to southwest Asia.
Qin Shihuangdi
Cruel leader who made changes to China's government that would last for 2,000 years; unified China; China is named for him