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50 terms

Psych 101 - Exam 4 sro

STUDY
PLAY
An individual's characteristic patter of thinking, feeling, and acting is his or her
Personality
Free association is central to the processs of
psychoanalysis
When 2-year-old Matthew was told he would get no dessert until he finished the food on his plate, on the floor in a temper tantrum. Freud would have suggested that Matthew was unable to resist the demands of his
id
Janine is repulsed by the thought of watching pronographic video. Freud would attributed these feelings to Janine's
superego
Some psychoanalysts in freud's era believed that girls experienced unconscious sexual desires for their father during the pahlic stage. These feelings, they thought, reflected
an Electra complex
Repression refers to the defense mechanism by which people
banish anxiety-arousing thoughts from consciousness
Which theorist emphasized that an individual's personal growth is promoted by interactions with others who are genuine, accepting, and emphatic?
Rogers
Sasha believes that the questions on school tests are so unrelated to course work that studying is useless. Sasha's belief most clearly illustrates
an external locus of control
After experiencing inescapable brutalities as a prisoner in a Nazi concentration camp, Mr.sternberg became apathetic, stopped eating, and gave up all efforts to physically survuve the ordeal. Mr.sternberg's reaction most clearly illustrates
learned helplessness
The discovery that psychologically disordered behavior could result from syphilis infections facilitated the credibility and acceptance of
the medical model
After George learned that Mrs.Min suffered from schizophrenia, he mistakenly concluded that her tendencies to laugh easily and smile frequently were symptoms of her disorder. This best illustrates
biasing power of diagnostic label
Rishi, a college student, complains that he feels apprehensive and fearful most of the time but doesn't know why. Without warning, his heart begins to pound, his hands get icy, and he breaks out in a cold sweat. Rishi most likely suffers from
generalized anxiety disorder
An incapaciting and highly distressing fear about being embarrassed int he presence of others is most characteristic of
social phobia
Mrs. Swift is alarmed by her own intrusive and irrational thoughts that her house is contaminated by germs. Her experience best illustrates the agitating effeects of
an obsession
The social withdrawal and haunting nightmares of battle-scarred war veterans best illustrate symptoms of
PTSD
A sense of being separated from your body and watching yourself with sense of detachment is a symptom
dissociation
A major depressive disorder is most likely to be characterized by
feelings of personal worthlessness
During the manic phase of bipolar disorder, individuals are most likely to
be overactive
by boosting serotonin, antidepressant drugs stimulate the growth of neurons in the
cerebellum
The social-cognitive perspective has emphasized that depression is perpetuated by
self-blaming attributions
Mr.Hunt believes that he is the president of the United States and that he will soon become "king of the universe" Mr.hunt is most clearly suffering from
delusions
Flat affect and catatonia are symptoms most closely associated with
schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is said to be chronic when
it develops slowly
Antisocial personality disorder is most likely to be characterized by
lack of guilt feelings
There is some evidence that a relatively low level of autonomic nervous system arousal may contribute to
antisocial personality disorder
psychoanalytical techniques are designed primalrily to help patients
become aware of their repressed conflicts and impulses
The expression toward a therapist of feelings linked with earlier relationships is known as
transference
Which of the following is considered to be the most nondirective form of therapy ?
client-centered therapy
Which of the following therapies is more concerned with removing specific troubling symptoms than with providing special insights into the personality of the client?
behavior therapy
To reduce his daughter's fear of the dark, Mr.chew would hug and gently rock her immediately after turning off the lights at bedtime. Mr.Chew's strategy best illustrates the technique of
counterconditioning
systematic desensitization involves the use of
progressive relaxation
Aversive conditioning involves
associating unwanted behaviors with unpleasant experiences
what would be most helpful for encouraging adults with intellectual disability to make their beds every morning ?
a token economy
Teaching people to stop blaming themselves for failures and negative circumstances beyond their control is most direct concern to ____ therapist.
cognitive
Clients' perceptions of the effectiveness of psychotherapy are often misleading because clients
often need to convince themselves that they didn't waste their money on therapy.
The most convincing evidence for the effectiveness of psychotherapy comes from
often need to convince themselves that they didn't waste their money on therapy.
which of the following has been demonstrated to provide relief for those who suffer from seasonal affective disorder?
light exposure therapy
The double-blind technique involves
a procedure in which neither patients nor health care staff know whether a given patient is receiving a drug or a placebo.
Though not performed today, lobotomies provide a historical example of
psychosurgery
A tendency to overestimate the extent to which a stranger's violent behavior stems from his or her aggressive personality best illustrates
the fundamental attribution error.
To "brain-wash" captured american soldiers during the Korean War, Chinese communists made effective use of the
foot-in-the-door phenomenon
Cognitive dissonance theory is most helpful for understanding the
foot-in-the-door phenomenon
After a light turns green, drivers take about 15 percent less time to travel the first 100 yards when another car is beside them at the intersection than when they are alone. This best illustrates
social facilitation
After their country was ravaged by a series of earthquakes, two bitterly antagonistic political groups set aside their differences worked cooperatively on effective disaster relief. This cooperation best illustrates the importance of
superordinate goals.
Diffusion of responsibility often play san important role in the
bystander effect
Equity and self-disclosure are important to the development of
companionate love
we are likely to prefer as friends those who are similar to us in
Attitude, Intelligence, Age
Research on physical attractiveness indicates that
babies prefer attractive over unattractive faces
An increased liking for an unfamiliar stimulus following repeated experience with it is known as
the mere exposure effect
Studies have revealed diminished activity in the ___ of violent criminals
frontal lobes