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An individual's characteristic patter of thinking, feeling, and acting is his or her


Free association is central to the processs of


When 2-year-old Matthew was told he would get no dessert until he finished the food on his plate, on the floor in a temper tantrum. Freud would have suggested that Matthew was unable to resist the demands of his


Janine is repulsed by the thought of watching pronographic video. Freud would attributed these feelings to Janine's


Some psychoanalysts in freud's era believed that girls experienced unconscious sexual desires for their father during the pahlic stage. These feelings, they thought, reflected

an Electra complex

Repression refers to the defense mechanism by which people

banish anxiety-arousing thoughts from consciousness

Which theorist emphasized that an individual's personal growth is promoted by interactions with others who are genuine, accepting, and emphatic?


Sasha believes that the questions on school tests are so unrelated to course work that studying is useless. Sasha's belief most clearly illustrates

an external locus of control

After experiencing inescapable brutalities as a prisoner in a Nazi concentration camp, Mr.sternberg became apathetic, stopped eating, and gave up all efforts to physically survuve the ordeal. Mr.sternberg's reaction most clearly illustrates

learned helplessness

The discovery that psychologically disordered behavior could result from syphilis infections facilitated the credibility and acceptance of

the medical model

After George learned that Mrs.Min suffered from schizophrenia, he mistakenly concluded that her tendencies to laugh easily and smile frequently were symptoms of her disorder. This best illustrates

biasing power of diagnostic label

Rishi, a college student, complains that he feels apprehensive and fearful most of the time but doesn't know why. Without warning, his heart begins to pound, his hands get icy, and he breaks out in a cold sweat. Rishi most likely suffers from

generalized anxiety disorder

An incapaciting and highly distressing fear about being embarrassed int he presence of others is most characteristic of

social phobia

Mrs. Swift is alarmed by her own intrusive and irrational thoughts that her house is contaminated by germs. Her experience best illustrates the agitating effeects of

an obsession

The social withdrawal and haunting nightmares of battle-scarred war veterans best illustrate symptoms of


A sense of being separated from your body and watching yourself with sense of detachment is a symptom


A major depressive disorder is most likely to be characterized by

feelings of personal worthlessness

During the manic phase of bipolar disorder, individuals are most likely to

be overactive

by boosting serotonin, antidepressant drugs stimulate the growth of neurons in the


The social-cognitive perspective has emphasized that depression is perpetuated by

self-blaming attributions

Mr.Hunt believes that he is the president of the United States and that he will soon become "king of the universe" Mr.hunt is most clearly suffering from


Flat affect and catatonia are symptoms most closely associated with


Schizophrenia is said to be chronic when

it develops slowly

Antisocial personality disorder is most likely to be characterized by

lack of guilt feelings

There is some evidence that a relatively low level of autonomic nervous system arousal may contribute to

antisocial personality disorder

psychoanalytical techniques are designed primalrily to help patients

become aware of their repressed conflicts and impulses

The expression toward a therapist of feelings linked with earlier relationships is known as


Which of the following is considered to be the most nondirective form of therapy ?

client-centered therapy

Which of the following therapies is more concerned with removing specific troubling symptoms than with providing special insights into the personality of the client?

behavior therapy

To reduce his daughter's fear of the dark, Mr.chew would hug and gently rock her immediately after turning off the lights at bedtime. Mr.Chew's strategy best illustrates the technique of


systematic desensitization involves the use of

progressive relaxation

Aversive conditioning involves

associating unwanted behaviors with unpleasant experiences

what would be most helpful for encouraging adults with intellectual disability to make their beds every morning ?

a token economy

Teaching people to stop blaming themselves for failures and negative circumstances beyond their control is most direct concern to ____ therapist.


Clients' perceptions of the effectiveness of psychotherapy are often misleading because clients

often need to convince themselves that they didn't waste their money on therapy.

The most convincing evidence for the effectiveness of psychotherapy comes from

often need to convince themselves that they didn't waste their money on therapy.

which of the following has been demonstrated to provide relief for those who suffer from seasonal affective disorder?

light exposure therapy

The double-blind technique involves

a procedure in which neither patients nor health care staff know whether a given patient is receiving a drug or a placebo.

Though not performed today, lobotomies provide a historical example of


A tendency to overestimate the extent to which a stranger's violent behavior stems from his or her aggressive personality best illustrates

the fundamental attribution error.

To "brain-wash" captured american soldiers during the Korean War, Chinese communists made effective use of the

foot-in-the-door phenomenon

Cognitive dissonance theory is most helpful for understanding the

foot-in-the-door phenomenon

After a light turns green, drivers take about 15 percent less time to travel the first 100 yards when another car is beside them at the intersection than when they are alone. This best illustrates

social facilitation

After their country was ravaged by a series of earthquakes, two bitterly antagonistic political groups set aside their differences worked cooperatively on effective disaster relief. This cooperation best illustrates the importance of

superordinate goals.

Diffusion of responsibility often play san important role in the

bystander effect

Equity and self-disclosure are important to the development of

companionate love

we are likely to prefer as friends those who are similar to us in

Attitude, Intelligence, Age

Research on physical attractiveness indicates that

babies prefer attractive over unattractive faces

An increased liking for an unfamiliar stimulus following repeated experience with it is known as

the mere exposure effect

Studies have revealed diminished activity in the ___ of violent criminals

frontal lobes

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