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marine biology module 8
Terms in this set (49)
A group of independent organisms in a particular environment is a (an) ____________________.
Organisms that break down complex compounds and dead tissue are ___________________.
All living and nonliving things in an area from a (an) -________________.
The particular environment to which a particular species is adapted is its _________________
The special role and place of an organism within its habitat is its __________________.
An animal that eats both plants and animals is a (an) ________________.
Members of a single species that occupy a common area for a (an) _____________________.
Animals that feed only on dead organisms are ________________.
The study of the relationships between organisms and their environment.
non-living parts of an environment
All the living organisms that inhabit an environment
The largest population that an specific area can support within its available resources
A factor required for a population to grow, but present in small quantities in an ecosystem
Dead organic matter and the decomposing organisms living among it
The rate of photosynthesis is carried on in an ecosystem
the converting of inorganic carbon into useful organic carbon substances
the converting of gaseous nitrogen into useful organic nitrogen substances
describes organisms living on or in the ocean bottom
describes organisms that live in the water column away from the ocean bottom
what is an example of a primary producer in the ocean?
what is an example of a primary consumer in the ocean?
what is an example of the secondary consumer in the ocean?
what is an example of the tertiary consumer in the ocean?
_________________can't be explained by simple food chains. involve food webs / feeding relations.
the flow of energy when moving through the food chain/food web, the energy -_______________.
Intertidal- where you swim, Oceanic- deep water, Benthic- bottom
Zones of the Ocean
species that enter new ecosystems and multiply, harming native species and their habitats
__________ is essential for making sure there is enough nitrogen in an ecosystem so compounds can be made
___________ is the conversion of nitrates into nitrogen gas
physical characteristics, depth, light penetration.
the zones of the ocean differ in _________, -____________, and ____________.
this area is near underwater, but it is exposed to the salt spray of the splashing waves.
splash, interval, and inner shelf zones
what make up the photic zone? (there are 3 zones)
does photosynthesis occur in the photic zone?
Bathyal, abyssal, and halal zones are the ______ of all of the ocean zones
total amount of phytoplankton in the water column
an instrument used to measure the fluorescence being emitted from a substance
___________is important to living organisms because it forms the base of all organic molecules
___________ is essential for making sure there is enough nitrogen in an ecosystem so these compounds can be made
Conversion of nitrates into nitrogen gas
Can Nektons swim against the current?
Is the nearshore ocean environment,which occurs over the continental shelf.
vast open ocean from the edge of the continental shelf outward
Had all zone
Is in the depth of the oceans trenches.
Refers to the abyssal plains of the deep ocean floor
Is where the continental shelf drops down the deep ocean
From the top of the aphotic zone to the edge of the continental shelf is the ________
All zones between the photic are in the ________ where there is little or no light penetration and no significant photosynthesis.
The combination of the splash, intertidal, and inner shelf zones make up the __________.
Is always underwater and is the area where light can penetrate into the water.
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