T - temperature (extremity, infection) R - ropes hang freely A - alignment C - circulation check (5 ps) T - type and location of fracture I - increase fluid intake O - overhead trapeze N - no weights on bed or floor
To remember which blood types are compatible, visualize the letter "O" as an orb representing the universe, because type O blood is the universal donor blood. Patients with any blood type can receive it.
But O also means "odd man out": Patients with type O blood can receive only type O blood.
When asking assessment questions, remember the American Cancer Society's mnemonic device CAUTION:
C: Change in bowel or bladder habits A: A sore that doesn't heal U: Unusual bleeding or discharge T: Thickening or lump I: Indigestion or difficulty swallowing O: Obvious changes in a wart or mole N: Nagging cough or hoarseness.
Use the ABCD rule to assess a mole's malignant potential:
A: Asymmetry--Is the mole irregular in shape? B: Border--Is the border irregular, notched, or poorly defined? C: Color--Does the color vary (for example, between shades of brown, red, white, blue, or black)? D: Diameter--Is the diameter more than 6 mm?
All People Eat Too Much heart sounds
Atrial, Pulmonic, Erb's point, Tricuspid, Matrial
6 F's... Cholecystectomy Risk Factors
female fair fat forty family fertile
S/S of Hyponatremia
S tupor/coma A norexia, N&V L ethargy T endon reflexes decreased
L imp muscles (weakness) O rthostatic hypotension S eizures/headache S tomach cramping
Immediate tx of MI, think MONA:
M Morphine sulfate O Oxygen N Nitroglycerin A ASA
Treatment of CHF, think UNLOAD FAST:
U sit Upright N Nitro L Lasix O Oxygen A Aminophylline D Digoxin
F Fluids- decrease A Afterload - decrease S Sodium - decrease T Tests: dig level, ABG, K+
Mneumonic device for remembering questions to ask emergency room admits:
Car? (circumstances of event) Please (precipitating events) Listen (location of event) To This: (Time of event)
Watch (when symptoms appeared) Underage (unconsciousness after injury?) Alcoholics (arrival time in ER) Heading (hospital admits previously?) Home (previous history/health status) And (allergies)
Maybe (medications) Flattening (fears for safety) My (meal, time of last) Poodle (period, time of last menstrual) Dog (primary doctor, name and location of) Tonight (tetanus, date of last immunization)
Dressing a person with an affected side of the body: