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Arts and Humanities
Esthetics Final/State board prep
Terms in this set (299)
The energy contained in food is measured in:
Body support and balance are results of good posture and wearing:
properly fitted, low, broad-healed shoes
the nails of estheticians should be attractively manicured and:
What energy producing substances are contained in almost all foods?
carbohydrates, proteins, and fats
Other essential nutrients the body needs include:
water, vitamins, minerals
the process of converting raw materials in the form of carbohydrates, fats and proteins into energy is known as:
Which of the body's nutrients serves as a major energy source and is found in whole grains, vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts and seeds?
groups of cells of the same kind make up
the study of structures that can be seen with the naked eye is called:
the study of organs and systems of the body is called:
waste is eliminated from the body through which system
What phase of metabolism is the process of breaking down larger molecules or substances into smaller ones?
removing the toxic by-products of digestion is the function of which organ?
which of the following types of tissue supports, protects and holds the body together?
what type of tissue covers and protects body surfaces and internal organs?
The chemical process by which cells receive nutrients for cell growth and reproduction is known as:
Scapula is the term used to describe the:
The nerve branch extending to the muscles of the mouth is the:
which branch of the trifacial nerve is the main nerve branch to the lower 1/3 of the face?
the facial artery that supplies blood to the lower portion of the face is called the:
the auricularis posterior muscle is located:
behind the ear
What acts as a barrier to infection from one part of the body to another?
wearing support hose and the correctly sized shoes can help prevent
which type of nerve, illustrated below, performs both sensory and motor functions?
sensory motor nerve
which primary nerve of the arm extends into the fingers of the hand?
of the following muscles which is located under the eyebrows and controls the eyebrows by drawing them in and downward?
which nerve extends to the lower eyelid, side of the nose, upper lip and mouth?
the muscles that respond automatically to control various body functions are:
Muscles affected by massage are generally manipulated from the:
insertion to the origin
the auricularis superior muscle is located:
above the ear
the muscle that covers the shoulder and lifts or turns the arm is called the:
the heart, arteries, veins and capillaries are all part of the:
what do the red blood cells carry?
oxygen and hemoglobin
motor function, muscle movement and balance are all responsibilities of which part of the brain?
the cervical nerve extending up the back of the scalp to the top of the head is the:
the muscles illustrated below control the opening of the eyelids and are known as:
levator palpebrae superioris
lymph functions include all of the following EXCEPT:
prevents backward blood flow in veins
the bones located above the ears and below the parietal bones are called:
which of the terms listed below is another name for white blood cells?
Which of the following muscles circles the mouth and makes the lips pucker and contract as in whistling?
what system breaks food down into simpler chemical compounds easily absorbed by cells or eliminated as waste?
which of the following are the five long, thin bones that form the palm of the hand?
in the diagram below, identify the muscles that move the head from side to side and up and down:
how many bones make up the top part of the spinal column that are known as the cervical vertebrae?
Name the eight small bones that form the wrist:
The nerve that extends to the lower lip and chin is the:
Which part of a muscle is the nonmoving portion attached to bones or other fixed muscles?
The occipital artery supplies blood to the:
back of the head
Which of the following organs is where digestion occurs?
What organ converts and neutralizes ammonia from the circulatory system to urea?
Which part of the brain is responsible for higher mental functions such as thought, emotion and memory?
The bone located on the little finger side of the lower arm is the:
Which muscle listed below raises the eyebrows and draws the scalp forward?
What muscle is located outside the corners of the mouth and draws the mouth up and back, as in laughing?
The arrows in the graphic below indicate to the two bones that form the upper cheek and the bottom of the eye socket. These are called:
The muscle located mid-forearm that bends the wrist and closes the fingers is the:
Which system is responsible for the process by which a living organism procreates?
The muscles that cause the thumb to move toward the fingers, giving the ability to grasp or make a fist are the:
The back of the skull is formed by which of the following bones?
Which muscle is located mid-forearm on the outside of the arm and straightens the fingers and wrist?
Which nerves provide the sense of smell, sight, touch, hearing and taste?
What system is responsible for all involuntary body functions?
autonomic nervous system
Which muscle is located between the eyebrows across the bridge of the nose as diagrammed below?
Using the graphic below, identify the bones forming the crown and upper sides of the head.
The smallest two bones of the facial skeleton are the:
The nerve of the arm that extends down the thumb side of the arm into the back of the hand is the:
The part of the muscle that is joined to the bones, skin or other movable muscle is known as:
The scalp is covered by a broad muscle called the:
Which muscle listed covers the back of the neck and upper back?
Large nerves that perform both sensory and motor functions are called:
Which mastication muscle covers the hinge of the jaw and aids in closing the jaw?
Small vessels that take nutrients and oxygen from the arteries to the cells and take waste products from the cells to the veins are called:
the lower chambers of the heart consists of the:
right ventricle and left ventricle
The common carotid arteries supply blood to all of the following EXCEPT:
Which bones of the cranium are located on either side fo the head, directly above the ears and below the parietal bones?
All blood from the head, face and neck returns through two veins called the:
internal jugular and external jugular
osteology is the study of:
"spiny" irregularly shaped cells are located in the:
What layer of the epidermis is the toughest and acts as a barrier to moisture loss?
Tiny openings that allow sweat or sebum to pass through the surface of the skin are called:
A male hormone that is present in both men and women and influences the amount of sebum produced is called:
Sebaceous glands continually produce and secrete:
other than the brain, which of the following organs is the most complex?
The basal cells of the stratum germinativum continually divide through the process called:
What is the lowest layer of the epidermis?
Microphage cells perform which of the following functions?
What is the connective tissue that lines the parts of the bones that would otherwise rub against each other in joints?
When two or more types of tissues connect, they make up various:
What functions do Ruffini's Corpuscles perform?
Report long term pressure and heat
What function of the integumentary system gives the body the ability to maintain an internal body temperature?
The epidermis is primarily composed of:
How many primary functions does the skin perform?
Which layer of skin is primarily composed of fatty (adipose) tissue and acts as a shock absorber and insulator to protect the bones?
A primary component of skin cells is a protein substance called:
Sebaceous glands originate in which of the following areas?
Water mixed with salt and other chemicals that have built up in the body is called:
The subcutaneous layer is also known as the:
Which type of cells help protect the body from infections and are found in the stratum spinosum layer?
Soft keratin makes up which of the following body component(s)?
the study of the skin's functions is referred to as:
Which layer of the skin is located below the dermis and composed primarily of adipose (fatty) tissue?
Which receptor is responsible for reporting light pressure and cold?
What is another term for true skin?
Which of the following is NOT a form of tissue found in the skin?
A complex mixture of fatty substances that keeps the skin soft, supple and pliable is known as:
Where are mast cells located?
Which of the following is composed of hard keratin
Where are Merkel Cells located?
What is the transparent layer of the epidermis that is thickest on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet?
A fibrous protein that helps prevent the skin form sagging is called:
Keratin is a form of which of the following substances?
The formula for a successful future in the skin care industry is a combination of the growing attention to health and well-being with the evidence that most people have more:
Perhaps the most demanding challenge associated with the rapid growth of the skin care industry is the need to
What color of paper is recommended for a resume?
white, creme/beige, pale blue or pale gray
To determine the continued effectiveness of recommend products and home care, the esthetician should:
examine the client's skin condition regularly
combing a skin care center's sales with a non-competitive business into a single campaign describes which type of sales promotion:
In which of the following sales promotions does a client receive a discount or a free gift if they refer a friend who later comes in for a treatment?
all of the following are examples of promotional literature EXCEPT:
What a product will do to enhance to appearance or improve the condition of the skin is referred to as the products:
Successful skin care specialists effectively recommend their services along with?
the appropriate skin care products for home care
Which of the following techniques is used to create an awareness of a product or service?
An advisor on borrowing money, signing rental agreements and and assuming tax responsibilities is an
on a personal financial statement, all the money owed is called:
Which of the following skills is essential to be a successful skin care center owner?
ability to manage the financial operations of a skin care center
A reserve of cash that can be drawn upon to meet operating expenses in the event of a slow month or two is an:
line of credit
A type of business ownership owned by one person who is in complete control of the business is a :
a business owned by two or more persons is a:
Which of the following insurance policies is state-controlled and required by law?
Utilities, supplies, cost of promotions, postage and taxes are types of:
What type of compensation is based on a percentage of the dollar income an individual esthetician generates by serving clients?
A procedure used in the skin care center to ensure that products are accounted for from the time they are added to the inventory until they are sold or used is called:
Which of the following pieces of electrical equipment offers four or more treatment options during a facial?
multifunction machine have
Which of the following statements is NOT true about chemical exfoliants?
have rougher texture than mechanical exfoliants
What percentage fo wrinkles is caused by the natural aging process?
Which of the following skin care products reduces friction and provides "slip" to the skin during massage?
What is an important factor to consider when choosing an appropriate mask for a client's skin?
What are the two major benefits of a massage?
Increased circulation and renewed flexibility
The purpose of a facial cleansing creme is to:
Which item of skin care equipment uses different colors to indicate various conditions of the skin?
Which skin care product assists in cleansing the skin & returning oily skin to a normal PH?
Which of the following is a form of friction performed by holding the client's arm in one hand and lifting the skin firmly up and down over the bone with the other hand?
The skin care equipment that relaxes the client and softens the skin to allow for penetration of a product is called a(n):
Which of the following statements regarding the use of moisturizers is true?
used to replenish and balance moisture and oil to the skin
Disinfect the facial chair before and after every service by using:
approved broad-spectrum disinfectant
Which of the following types of masks are ideal for dry skin types?
Which of the following works in conjunctions with other ingredients to cause a chemical reaction to remove dead skin cells?
Which term identifies a loss of fluids?
What is the second step of the daily skin care regimen that restores the natural pH of the skin?
Which of the following procedures is one of the most requested services in the skin care center?
Which term below is another name for a vacuum or suction attachment?
When performing a facial treatment on a male client, all movements on the beard area should be made in which of the following directions?
a highly alkaline solution that liquefies sebum is known as:
The electrolysis treatment offering the best results to clients with excessive or resistant hair growth is known as which of the following methods?
How long prior to a waxing service should the client cease shaving the area to be waxed?
two to four weeks
Galvanic electrolysis is also known as
Multiple needle process
The hair follicle is rooted in which of the following locations?
dermal papilla bulb
Why does hair grow back after a temporary hair removal service?
hair is not destroyed at the root
What is a painless method of temporary hair removal called that dissolves hair at skin level?
Chemical hair removers are called:
When performing a wax procedure, never re-use wax or:
Sabaceous glands are attached to which of the following components of the skin?
Using the illustration below, identify the structure that contains the root of a hair.
how long is the current usually applied during a Galvanic electrolysis treatment?
30 seconds to 2.5 minutes
Which of the following descriptions identifies how photo-epilation works?
a burst of energy from an intense pulsed light beam is used to destroy the hair bulb
Which of the following hair removals methods uses clippers or a razor to remove hair from the surface of large areas, such as the legs?
Of the following areas, where should wax NEVER be applied?
All of the following are contraindications to waxing EXCEPT:
low blood pressure
The hair removal treatment using wavelengths of light to penetrate and diminish or destroy hair bulbs is called:
laser hair removal
To determine the highest part of the arch when designing or shaping eyebrows:
align the peak with the outside of the iris
The majority of professional waxing services are performed with:
Which of the following destroys the hair by using multiple needles to decompose the papilla?
The ideal or classic facial shape is:
The diamond-shaped face is characterized by:
narrow forehead, chin and jaw area
All of the following are true about conturing EXCEPT:
lighter colors appear to make features or areas appear smaller
What product purifies and balances the skin's pH levels?
The most common form of foundation generally preferred because of its sheer, natural coverage and easy application and blending is called:
"Wide-set" eyes have a space between the eyes greater than the:
width of one eye
What product replenishes moisture or oil to the skin?
Which of the following products is designed to allow the skin and foundation shade to show through without adding any color?
Colors such as brown or gray are created by mixing:
primary, secondary and tertiary colors in unequal and equal proportions
A golden skin tone has a:
concentrating and blending shadows and eyeliners near the inner corners would benefit what type of eyes?
How can width at the bottom of the pear-shaped face be reduced?
add shading to cheekbone and sides of the face
The art of arranging light and dark to produce the illusion of three-dimensional shapes is:
Applying darker tones to the sides of the nose to make it look thinner is an example of:
When applying makeup, the chair should not recline more than a:
45 degree angle
What product is used to create an even skin tone and uniform surface?
The exfoliating treatment in which a layer of creme is applied to the skin, allowed to dry and then rubbed away is called:
Prior to a body wrap, the bandages may be soaked in:
aromatherapy toning solution
Which of the following products promote detoxification, constricts blood vessels and tightens skin during a cellulite wrap procedure?
Which of the following is made of deposits of fat, water and waste materials trapped between skin fibers?
Body wraps offer a quick way to firm all of the following body parts except:
What treatments use warm steam to induce relaxation, expand pores and promote sweating which releases toxins from the body?
saunas and steam baths
Eye goggles are used to protect the client's eyes during which of the following proceedures?
Which of the following cellulite wrap products is used to wrap the area being treated and increase product penetration and treatment results?
Which of the following treatments lightly resurfaces the epidermis?
Which of the following conditions is NOT a contraindication for performing a reflexology treatment?
high blood pressure
Which of the following is a technique that uses pressure on specific points of the feet, hands and ears to influence certain body conditions?
Which of the following treatments uses a gentle pumping technique to help eliminate toxins, waste and excess water from the face and body?
manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) massage
An advanced massage technique in which specific body areas are pierced with fine needles to relieve pain or produce an anesthetic effort is called:
Contraindications for manual lymphatic drainage massage include arthritis, osteoporosis, pregnancy and:
The treatment that increases circulation, promoting the removal of excess fluids and waste material as well as firming the muscle tissue is known as:
What is the fluid called that circulates through the blood system via muscular contractions?
All of the following statements regarding manual lymphatic drainage massage are true EXCEPT:
increases severity of seasonal allergies
Which of the following provides a constricting, drying effect and helps contrast tissue and reduce secretions?
A thick creme of salve made from the combination of herbs and petroleum is called a(n):
The result of steeping an herb in boiling water as part of the phytotherapy is called:
The category of fragrance that is one of the easiest to identify is:
Soaking a clean towel in the liquid from both an infusion and decoction and applying it to a specific area of the body is known as:
Which of the following categories help fight skin-ravaging free radicals?
Which of the following is NOT a classification of fragrances?
The natural substance that prevents bacterial growth on the skin with external application is called a(n):
The natural substances that prevents bacterial growth on the skin with external application is called a(n):
What type of essential oil is used to treat stiff, sore muscles or to boost circulation?
Dermabrasion is used to treat uneven skin textures due to all of the following conditions EXCEPT:
Which of the following can improve visible signs of aging by removing excess fat, tightening underlying muscles and re-draping the skin of the face and mask?
Which of the following medications is prescribed for severe, disfiguring cases of acne and certain other skin disease?
Which type of laser removes the affected portion of the epidermis to heat the papillary dermis to regenerate collagen?
Damage from which type of burn penetrates to the dermis, resulting in redness, swelling and blistering?
second degree burn
A highly contagious viral infection that is triggered when the body or skin is placed under extreme stress, such as a laser treatment, is known as:
Which type of systemic medication is used to kill or prevent the growth of bacteria?
Which of the following side-effects is NOT a result of dermabrasions?
Where do superficial fungal infections usually occur?
moist areas of the skin
Collagen or fat injections are recommended for which type of skin?
Third degree burns are frequently treated with a(n):
Results of rhytidectomy includes all of the following EXCEPT:
improvement of irregularities from acne scars and wrinkles
The clinical term for bruising of the skin is:
What develops when microbes invade an injured, open or wounded part of the body?
Taking a section of healthy skin from an unburned area of the body and surgically reattaching it to cover the burned area is called:
Which type of cosmetic surgery is recommended for patients with drooping upper eyelids or puffy bags with below the eyes?
To care for a second degree burn, the burned area should be:
immersed in cool water
Which of the following substances is NOT an example of a topical medication?
What is another name for microllpoinjection?
What is the form of energy that products light, heat, magnetic and chemical changes?
A unit of electrical resistance is called an:
Which of the following terms is a unit of electric pressure?
Since a watt is a small unit of energy, power companies describe watt usage in:
When a closed path is broken, it is called an:
Of the following terms, which indicates the number of cycles, per second, that a generator alternates current?
Which of the following ratings indicates the number of electrons flowing through a particular line?
More electrical current flowing through a line than the line is an:
A three wire system designed to protect the user during the :operation of appliances is a(n):
A safety device designed to protect the use during the operation of appliances is a :
A device that indicates the amount of current flowing through equipment and regulates the amount with a dial or knob is a:
Which of the following treatments produces beneficial effects on the body using light rays or waves?
Which of the following ultraviolet rays are the longest and most frequently used in tanning booths?
High frequency Current is also known as:
The electrode shown below is used to promote product penetration in delicate lines of the face and is called the:
Which of the following is true about cataphoresis?
tightens and firms the tissue
All of the following statements are benefits of Direct High Frequency Except?
Stimulates sebum production
An alternating current that produces a mechanical affect is a(n):
Which of the following electrodes is NOT used for promoting or increasing product penetration?
Which of the following treatments break down blockages in the skin such as clogged pores or blackheads?
Which form of light can produce positive or negative effects on the skin based on exposure time?
The portion of the electromagnetic spectrum humans can see is called:
Electrical current is sometimes referred to as:
The term given to the electrode held by the skin care specialist during a treatment is called a(n):
Which type of alternating current can be adjusted to different voltages to produce heat?
high frequency current
A negative charged electrode is called a(n):
Faradic current can cause:
Which high frequency method creates an even more powerful ozone effect by slowly lifting the electrode away from the skin?
Of the following machines, which acts like a miniature vacuum cleaner to help in deep pore cleansing?
Which type of skin is effectively treated by using heated parrafin?
Guidelines that should be used for making sure electrical equipment is maintained safely and in the most sanitary manner possible represented by all of the following statements EXCEPT:
wipe down facial bed with soap and water at the end of the day
All of the following statements about the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements are true EXCEPT:
the unifying concept used to organize elements is called scientific shorthand
Which of the following is created by chemically uniting two different elements?
The center of the atom is known as the:
Molecules in the body that serve as building blocks that connect with each other to form larger, more complex compounds are known as:
What are the basic units of matter that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by any chemical reaction called?
The process of a solid or gas changing states without becoming a liquid is known as:
What form of matter has definite weight, volume and shape?
The smallest complete unit of an element is called a(n):
A simple unit of a carbohydrate is called a:
The unifying concept used to organize elements and their similarities is called the:
All of the following statements are true about physical changes EXCEPT:
a new substance possessing different material composition is created
Anything that occupies space is called:
Ingredients that possess the ability to destroy bacteria that can cause undesirable effects on the skin are described as being:
All of the following statements about emollients are true EXCEPT:
they are found in concentrations ranging between 20% and 30%
Which of the following cosmetic products are anhydrous substances that have the thick and heavy texture of a paste?
Which type of silicone gives products lubricity or "slip"
All of the following are benefits that may be derived from botanicals EXCEPT:
Two or more compounds blended physically is called a(n):
All of the following statements are true about the pH scale EXCEPT:
acids have a value on the pH scale from zero to 4
Which of the following common ingredient groups delivers anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-irritant and antioxidant benefits?
Which of the following are ingredients that are likely to block or clog the pores and contribute to pimples?
The task as a skin care professional is to use products that will help maintain the acid balance of the skin at:
4.5 to 5.5
Which level of pH will increase the skin's permeability and leave it vulnerable to inquiry by environmental factors?
What is the even dispersion of a solid substance in a liquid base called?
All of the following statements about sunscreens are true EXCEPT:
they are inactive ingredients
Which of the following statements is NOT true about fragrances?
fragrance ingredients are usually listed individually on the ingredient label
Which cosmetic ingredient helps to prevent moisture loss through evaporation?
Which of the following ingredients are included in cosmetic products to maintain microbiological integrity or product quality during manufacturing, storage and use by the consumer?
Which of the following are vegetable, mineral or pigment dyes that are added to products to enhance its appearance?
Which of the following products have been formulated with a thickening agent to increase viscosity?
A hard, low level water or anhydrous product used by rubbing the product directly on the skin is called:
Which of the following items is a highly contagious viral infection causing blister-like outbreaks?
Clients with any of the following conditions should avoid treatments that utilize electrical current EXCEPT:
Dilated capillaries that can be treated with gentle massage and soothing, mild products are referred to as:
An allergen is a substance or ingredient likely to cause which of the following conditions of the skin?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Skin Physiology, Chapter 8, Pivot Point…
Chapter 6 Electricity (Esthetics)
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