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good for studying for grammar. this is not all the of the terms, only chapter 1, but there are so many terms, it would be difficult to put them all in.


a word that names a person, a place, a thing, or an idea

compound noun

a noun made of two or more words. Compound nouns may be open, hyphenated, or closed

abstract noun

names an idea, a quality, or a characteristic

common noun

the general—not the particular—name of a person, place, thing, or idea

proper noun

the name of a particular person, place, thing, or idea

collective noun

a singular in form but names a group


a word that takes the place of a noun, a group of words acting as a noun, or another pronoun. The word or group o words to which a pronoun refers is its antecedent.

personal pronoun

a specific person, place, thing, or idea by indicating the person speaking (the first person), the person or people being spoken to (the second person), or any other person, place, thing, or idea being discussed (the third person)

possessive pronoun

takes the place of the possessive form of a noun

reflexive pronoun

refers, or reflects back, to the subject of the sentence, indicating that the same person or thing is involved. A reflexive pronoun always adds information to a sentence.

intensive pronoun

adds emphasis to another noun or pronoun in the same sentence

demonstrative pronoun

points out specific persons, places, things, or ideas

interrogative pronoun

forms questions

relative pronoun

begins a special subject-verb word group called a subordinate clause

indefinite pronoun

refers to persons, places, things, or idea in a more general way than a noun does


a word that expresses action or a state of being and is necessary to make a statement

action verb

tells what someone or something does

transitive verb

followed a direct object-that is, a word or words that answer the question "what?" "whom?"

intransitive verb

not followed by a direct object

linking verb

links the subject of a sentence (often a noun or a pronoun) with a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective that identifies or describes the subject. Does not show action

auxiliary verb

verbs that accompany the main verb

verb phrase

consists of a main verb and all its auxiliary, helping, verbs


a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun by limiting its meaning. Tells "what kind", "which one", "how many", or "how much"

adjective questions

"what kind", "which one", "how many", or "how much"

positive form

indicates no comparison

comparative form

compares two nouns or pronouns

superlative form

compares more than two nouns or pronouns


a, an, and the

indefinite articles

a, an

definite article


proper adjective

formed from a proper noun. begins with a capital letter


a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or an adverb by making its meaning more specific

adverb questions

"when", "where", "how", and "to what degree"


a word that shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to another word in a sentence

prepositional phrase

a group of words begin with a preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun that is called the object of the preposition

compound preposition

a preposition that is made up of more than one word


a word that joins single words or groups of words

coordinating conjunction

joins words or groups of words that have equal grammatical weight in a sentence

correlative conjunction

works in pairs to join words and groups of words of equal grammatical weight in a sentence

subordinating conjunction

joins two clauses, or thoughts, in such a way as to make one grammatically dependent on the other

conjunctive adverb

used to clarify the relationship between clauses of equal weight


a word or a phrase that expresses emotion or exclamation. Has no grammatical connection to other words

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