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42 terms

English Grammar FOR EXAM

good for studying for grammar. this is not all the of the terms, only chapter 1, but there are so many terms, it would be difficult to put them all in.
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noun
a word that names a person, a place, a thing, or an idea
compound noun
a noun made of two or more words. Compound nouns may be open, hyphenated, or closed
abstract noun
names an idea, a quality, or a characteristic
common noun
the general—not the particular—name of a person, place, thing, or idea
proper noun
the name of a particular person, place, thing, or idea
collective noun
a singular in form but names a group
pronoun
a word that takes the place of a noun, a group of words acting as a noun, or another pronoun. The word or group o words to which a pronoun refers is its antecedent.
personal pronoun
a specific person, place, thing, or idea by indicating the person speaking (the first person), the person or people being spoken to (the second person), or any other person, place, thing, or idea being discussed (the third person)
possessive pronoun
takes the place of the possessive form of a noun
reflexive pronoun
refers, or reflects back, to the subject of the sentence, indicating that the same person or thing is involved. A reflexive pronoun always adds information to a sentence.
intensive pronoun
adds emphasis to another noun or pronoun in the same sentence
demonstrative pronoun
points out specific persons, places, things, or ideas
interrogative pronoun
forms questions
relative pronoun
begins a special subject-verb word group called a subordinate clause
indefinite pronoun
refers to persons, places, things, or idea in a more general way than a noun does
verb
a word that expresses action or a state of being and is necessary to make a statement
action verb
tells what someone or something does
transitive verb
followed a direct object-that is, a word or words that answer the question "what?" "whom?"
intransitive verb
not followed by a direct object
linking verb
links the subject of a sentence (often a noun or a pronoun) with a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective that identifies or describes the subject. Does not show action
auxiliary verb
verbs that accompany the main verb
verb phrase
consists of a main verb and all its auxiliary, helping, verbs
adjective
a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun by limiting its meaning. Tells "what kind", "which one", "how many", or "how much"
adjective questions
"what kind", "which one", "how many", or "how much"
positive form
indicates no comparison
comparative form
compares two nouns or pronouns
superlative form
compares more than two nouns or pronouns
articles
a, an, and the
indefinite articles
a, an
definite article
the
proper adjective
formed from a proper noun. begins with a capital letter
adverb
a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or an adverb by making its meaning more specific
adverb questions
"when", "where", "how", and "to what degree"
preposition
a word that shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to another word in a sentence
prepositional phrase
a group of words begin with a preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun that is called the object of the preposition
compound preposition
a preposition that is made up of more than one word
conjunction
a word that joins single words or groups of words
coordinating conjunction
joins words or groups of words that have equal grammatical weight in a sentence
correlative conjunction
works in pairs to join words and groups of words of equal grammatical weight in a sentence
subordinating conjunction
joins two clauses, or thoughts, in such a way as to make one grammatically dependent on the other
conjunctive adverb
used to clarify the relationship between clauses of equal weight
interjection
a word or a phrase that expresses emotion or exclamation. Has no grammatical connection to other words