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Terms in this set (33)
What is politics?
who gets what, when, and how; a peaceful means of determining who gets power and influence in society; the process by which people pursue collective goals and deal with their conflicts authoritatively by means of government
Why does politics matter?
provides a process through which we can try to arrange our collective lives in some kind of social order so that we can live without crashing into each other at every turn, and to provide ourselves with goods and services we could not obtain alone
It is because we cannot always get what we want that politics exists
the ability to get other people to do what you want
a system or organization for exercising authority over a body of people
power that is recognized as legitimate, or right
accepted as "right" or proper
directives that specify how resources will be distributed or what procedures govern collective activity
informal, unwritten expectations that guide behavior and support formal rule systems; often most noticeable when broken
organizations in which governmental power is exercised
government that vests power in the people
the concept that the citizens are the ultimate source of political power
the stories that people believe about who has power, who wants power, who deserves power, and what someone has done to get and maintain power
a closed cycle in which all the information we get reinforces the information we already have, solidifying our beliefs without reference to outside reality checks
Why is government necessary?
maintain order, protect property, provide public goods
life in a society without laws would be unsafe and unpredictable
What is the difference between government and politics?
Politics: a process or an activity through which power and resources are gained and lost
Government: a system or organization for exercising authority over a body of people
refers to the idea that the people consent to be ruled by the governmental system that is in place; again, key to the ideal of the people holding government accountable
if the government is being held accountable to the people, it is not able to do whatever it wants--there are limits on how far it can go and it is held accountable to those limits by the people
this speaks to the importance of people as citizens--autonomous individuals who make decisions about what is best for themselves as well as for the body politic (or political community) of which they are apart
this idea goes along with the idea of liberty in that each individual is equally important--no person's vote counts for more than another's and all are equal before the law
members of a political community with both rights and responsibilities
individuals who are obliged to submit to a government authority against which they have no rights
What are the two perspectives on human nature?
Individualistic and Collectivist
What are the tools of democratic politics?
Compromise, Cooperation, Discussion, and Deliberation
The authors of your textbook states that politics produces___.
winners and losers
A system in which the marker determines production, distribution, and price decisions, and where property is privately owned, describes ___.
a capitalistic economy
In elite democratic theory, citizens should participate in politics ___.
only to select leaders
The status of being a citizen, rather than a subject, of a particular political system grants individuals political rights but also comes with ___.
When political scientists try to determine how well an institution works, they are engaging in ___.
TRUE OR FALSE: Politics makes possible the organization of collective lives into a social order.
TRUE OR FALSE: Karl Marx hoped that humankind would eventually evolve to the point that each individual would exercise total control over their own life.
TRUE OR FALSE: Hashtag activism rejects the concept of using social media to organize people around a particular issue.
TRUE OR FALSE: Living in an information bubble makes it easier for people to become targets of weaponized social media.
TRUE OR FALSE: The term natives applies only to those born prior to the twenty-first century.
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