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Plagiarism notes.

Coping the original ideas, words, charts, sounds, artwork, or creative expressions of others in order to enhance an assessment, complete an assignment or receive an advancement.

What is the definition of plagiarism?

intentional; unintentional

There are two types of plagiarism: __ and ___

common knowledge

Facts that are widely known, or information considered to be "___" do not have to be documented.

Rephrasing the words of an author, putting his/her thoughts in your own words.

What is the definition of paraphrasing?

Direct quotes, Original ideas of others, Word for word usage(limit this), Statistics, Graphs, charts, art, data used in PowerPoint Presentations

When do you need to document?


What is a well organized and accurate picture of qualifications and/or readiness or a particular college, awards, or occupational position (traditional)?


What is the time frame of the New England Renaissance?

Fireside Poets

This elite group of thinkers and writers met to discuss and debate..but never a negative thought to the outside world about them.

Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Louisa Mae Alcott

Who were the people of the Fireside Poets?

The Scarlet Letter

What did Nathaniel Hawthorne write?

Moby Dick and Billy Bud

What did Herman Melville write?

Little Women series

What did Louisa May Alcott write?

to rise above

What does "transcend" mean?

- The human being can transcend to a higher spiritual plane
- One "transcends" through intuition not reason
- One "transcends" by learning from and living in harmony with nature
- One "transcends" as an individual
- Every human being can transcend
- Once you transcend you will want to do the right thing and work to better society.

Name 6 ideas of transcendentalism.

imagination, idealism, intuition, inspiration, individuality

What are the five basic I's of transcendentalism?

○ One's ability to think and create are the most important gifts given an individual
○ The ability to see something where something previously did not exist

Explain imagination.

○ The idea or concept that something can be better or improved upon..society, the world and so forth
○ Makes an individual or society strive for improvement or to get rid of negatives
○ To want to be better in the spirit, the mind and language

Explain idealism.

○ Feelings/emotions over logic and reason
○ A natural instinct or connection; following a "hunch" that you just know
○ A mom's or a woman's intuition

Explain intuition.

○ What speaks or ignites music, art, literature/writing, drama, a feeling, debate, and creation.
○ To go with the moment rather than to get it precisely correct
○ Man's ability to feel and express passion

Explain inspiration.

○ The willingness to be oneself through thought, actions, in actions, the arts, decisions, or simply stand up to others
○ Not to follow the THY SELF
○ To celebrate self...

Explain individuality.

A deliberate action or inaction to change an unjust law in a non-violent way.

Define civil disobedience.

idealist, realist, pragmatist

What are the three core philosophies of life?

One who sees the world the way it should be, rather than the way it is

Explain idealism.

A person who accepts the world as it literally is and deals with it accordingly

Explain realism.

A person who takes a practical approach to problems and is concerned primarily with the success or failure of her actions

Define pragmatism.

One who expects things to turn out for the best; someone who looks on the bright side of things

Define optimism.

A person who expects things to turn out badly.

Define pessimism.

One who deeply distrusts human nature; one who believes humans are motivated only by selfishness.

Define cynic.

Louisa May Alcott

She went to a meeting dressed as a man. The men said this is for guys only. She said "I am not a woman, I am a writer".

Nathaniel Hawthorne

He used his wife's engagement ring to write into a window his stories.

Gandhi is a pacifist. He led India to independence from the British. He was assassinated. He led a civil disobedience march to refuse to produce salt which was a major loss of money for GB.

Name four facts about Gandhi.

politics without principle, wealth without work, commerce without morality, pleasure without conscience, education without character, science without humanity, worship without sacrifice

Name the Seven Social Sins by Gandhi.

Those elected or appointed leaders (small or large scale) that guide without the consideration on the individual. Leaders that lack moral values or guidelines.

Describe politics without principle.

People who inherit money, get in trouble, break the law, and have no true morals with how they spend their money
"To be born rich is to be stillborn."
"When you become rich, remember the dreams you had when you were poor." Henry David Thoreau

Describe wealth without work. (Include 2 quotations in your explanation)

When one makes money at the expense of others.

Describe commerce without morality

Satisfaction without the consideration of others. Self-pleasure without the awareness that you are hurting another individual. Ex. Sex, alcohol, drugs

Describe pleasure without conscience.

When one learns technical ideals, but has no knowledge of right from wrong. To incorporate education into something worth while.

Describe education without character.

When science plays God and doesn't take humanity or the value of a human being into consideration.

Describe science without humanity.

How you live your life should show your beliefs. "Practice what you preach." An individual living out their religious ideas or beliefs. Standing up for what one believes even if it hurts.

Describe worship without sacrifice.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

He was a philosopher, poet, essayist, and public speaker. After the death of his wife, this minister realized that many of his beliefs differed from his church. After soul searching he settled in concord. Helped develop transcendentalism He Wrote as long as his failing mind would allow him.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Who said, what work: "It is time to be old,
To in sail
The god of bounds,
Who sets to sea a shore,
Came to me in his fatal rounds,
And said, "No more."

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Who said, what work: "The end of the human race will be that it will eventually die of civilization."

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nature

Who said, what work: "Nature never wears a mean appearance"

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nature

Who said, what work: "If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore..."

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nature

Who said, what work: "-All mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eyeball; I am nothing; I see all the currents of the universe."

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nature

Who said, what work: "Nature always wears the color of the spirit."

- Nature inspires spiritual understanding in human beings
- One is able to find oneself when away from the noise and concrete found in society
- Children love/respect nature-we should return to the imagination and innocence of our childhood
- It can provide a perfect joy and connection to God.

Name four lessons from Nature by Emerson.

a great teacher, noble, comfort
humble man
man to prioritize life

Nature is... (3)
Nature can... (1)
Nature encourages...(1)

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Self-Reliance

Who said, what work: "Envy is ignorance; that imitation is suicide.."

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Self-Reliance

Who said, what work: "Trust thyself; every heart vibrates to that iron string."

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Self-Reliance

Who said, what work: "Whoso would be a man must be a non-conformist."

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Self-Reliance

Who said, what work: "A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds."

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Self-Reliance

Who said, what work: "To be great is to be misunderstood."

Henry David Thoreau

After his death, his publications and his works brought him fame. He could use dazzling words, but it was his message and power of observation which proved his literary gifts. He was jailed several times for civil disobedience. He changes history as leaders followed his philosophy.

Henry David Thoreau

The Emerson's occasionally "put him up". (Or allowed him to stay with them.)

Henry David Thoreau, Walden

Who said, what work: "I went to the woods because I wanted to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life."

Henry David Thoreau, Walden

Who said, what work: "And not when I came to die, discover that I had not lived."

Henry David Thoreau, Walden

Who said, what work: "Most men live lives of such quiet desperation?"

Henry David Thoreau, Walden

Who said, what work: "Our life is frittered away by detail"

Henry David Thoreau, Walden

Who said, what work: "Simplify, simplify"

Henry David Thoreau, Walden

Who said, what work: "I left the woods for as good a reason as I went there"

Henry David Thoreau, Walden

Who said, what work: "Suck in the marrow out of life."

Henry David Thoreau, Walden

Who said, what work: "Time is but the stream I go fishing in.."

Henry David Thoreau, Walden

Who said, what work: "Do not adopt my way of living.. Find your own!"

Henry David Thoreau, Walden

Who said, what work: "If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer."

Jesus, Gandhi, Martin Luther King

*- And they all died in a violent way.

Name three people that partook in civil disobedience.

Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience

Who said, what work: "The only obligation which I have a right to assume is to do any time what I think right."

Walk for the cure, Rosa parks, Anti-abortion, Illegal immigrants, MADD, Taking care of the environment

Give some examples of civil disobedience.

Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience

Who said, what work: "that government is best which governs least..."

Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience

Who said, what work: "that government is best which governs not at all."

Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience

Who said, what work: "The American government--what but a tradition, though a recent one...but each instant losing some of its integrity?"

Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience

Who said, what work: "...I ask for, not at once no government, but at least a better government."

Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience

Who said, what work: "The standing army is only an arm of the standing government."

Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience

Who said, what work: "The government is a necessary evil."

Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience

Who said, what work: "Let every man make known what kind of government would command his respect, and that will be one step towards obtaining it..."

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Who said, what work: "Hitch your wagon to a star."

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Who said, what work: "Always do what you are afraid to do."

Henry David Thoreau (Get rid of your junk and keep your integrity)

Who said, what work: "Sell your clothes and not your thoughts."

Henry David Thoreau

Who said, what work: "To be born rich is to be stillborn."

Henry David Thoreau

Who said, what work: "When you become rich remember the dreams you had when you were poor."

Nathaniel Hawthorne

His writings represented anti-transcendentalism.

spiritual faith, private time with god, profound love of nature, deep rooted idealism, eternal optimist, focus on the individual, belief in the power of a moral society and a peace-centered life

What are 7 traits of the transcendentalist?


Walden is a ___.

Hawthorne and Melville

They played the counterparts to Emerson and Thoreau.

- Both were Fireside Poets and strong forces within the transcendentalism movement
- They believed in the power of the individual and his or her impact on society-but a negative impact
- They thought they could defeat/overpower nature
- They believed people were basically selfish and the good they would do benefitted only them

Name 4 facts about Hawthorne and Melville.

Ralph Waldo Emerson; Melville

___ encouraged the writing of Moby Dick by ___.

Moby Dick

____ is considered the greatest American novel ever written according to experts-a story of a revengeful, idealistic misguided captain who challenges the power of nature and loses.....

Billy Budd

Herman Melville also wrote ___ the idealistic sailor confronted by the darker side of society on a ship

Herman Melville

Who wrote "Billy Budd"?

The Scarlet Letter

Nathaniel Hawthorne's _____ centers on a God-fearing, judgmental, self-centered community which directly opposes HDT and RWE.

Nathaniel Hawthorne

Who wrote "The Scarlet Letter"?

Washington Irving

Who wrote "The Devil and Tom Walker"?

Nathaniel Hawthorne

Who wrote "The Minster's Black Veil"?

Edgar Allan Poe

Who wrote "The Raven"?

Edgar Allan Poe

Who wrote "The Pit and the Pendulum"?

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Who wrote "Nature"?

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Who wrote "Self Reliance"?

Henry David Thoreau

Who wrote "Walden"?

Henry David Thoreau

Who wrote "Civil Disobedience"?

Herman Melville

Who wrote "Moby Dick"?

Expository, persuasive, descriptive, process, narrative

What are the 5 forms of essays?


Form of writing- informative/explanation. No first person


Form of writing- Convincing. No first person.


Form of writing using the five senses and adjectives. No first person


Form of writing- How to guide. No first person. Use "you"


Form of writing- Telling a story. First person.

Voice, number, tense, and gender

Four things must agree to avoid faulty parallel.

"The Devil and Tom Walker"

"They lived in a forlorn-looking house that stood alone and had an air of starvation. A few straggling savin trees, emblems of sterility, grew near it; no smoke ever curled from its chimney, no traveler stopped at its door."

"The Devil and Tom Walker"

"Like most shortcuts, it was an ill-chosen route."

"The Minister's Black Veil"

"Have men avoided me, and women shown no pity, and children screamed and fled, only for my black veil? What, but the mystery which it obscurely typifies, has made this piece of crepe so awful?"

"The Minister's Black Veil"

"Such were the terrors of the black veil, even when Death had bared his visage!"

"The Pit and the Pendulum"

"The blackness of eternal night encompassed me."

"The Pit and the Pendulum"

"Very suddenly there came back to my soul motion and sound- the tumultuous motion of the heart, and, in my ears, the sound of its beating."

from: Nature

"The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and heart of the child."

from: Nature

"In the woods, too, a man casts off his years, as the snake his slough, and at what period soever of life is always a child."

from: Self-Reliance

"Society is a joint-stock company in which the members agree for the better securing of his bread to each share-holder, to surrender the liberty and culture of the eater."

from: Self-Reliance

"In every work of genius we recognize our own rejected thoughts..."

from: Moby Dick

"Vengeance on a dumb brute!"

The Devil and Tom Walker

"About the year 1727, just at the time when earthquakes were prevalent in New England, and shook many tall sinners down upon their knees, there lived near this place a meager miserly fellow of the name of Tom Walker."

The Devil and Tom Walker

"What was her real fate nobody knows, in consequence of so many pretending to know. It is one of those facts that have become confounded by a variety of historians."

The Minister's Black Veil

"He has changed himself into something awful, only by hiding his face"

The Minister's Black Veil

"The minister and maiden's spirit were walking hand in hand"

The Pit and the Pendulum

"Arousing from the most profound of slumbers, we break the gossamer web of some dream. Yet in a second afterward, (so frail may that web have been) we remember not that we have dreamed."

The Pit and the Pendulum

"And then there stole into my fancy, like a rich musical note, the thought of what sweet rest there must be in the grave."

From: Nature

"The power to produce this delight does not reside in nature but in man

From: Self Reliance

"Whoso would be a man must be a nonconformist"

From: Walden

"The intellect is a cleaver."

Civil Disobedience

"Government is at its best but an expedient."

Civil Disobedience

"I saw yet more distinctly the State in which I lived."

Moby Dick, Herman Melville

Who said, what work: "Soon his steady, ivory stride was heard."

Moby Dick, Herman Melville

"Talk not to me of blasphemy, man; Id strike the sun if it insulted me."

the actions the man brags about

What leads Tom Walker to conclude that the man he meets in the forest is the devil?

slave trader

What does the story of Tom Walker suggest is the wickedest occupation?


What motivated Tom's wife to seek the devil?


What motivated Tom's religious conversion at an old age?

protect himself

In his old age, Tom begins to use the Bible mainly to ___.

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